__Standard index form__ is a shorthand way of writing a very large or a very small number.

It is written as a number between 1 and 10 (but not equal to 10) multiplied by a power of 10, for example 2.94 × 10^{2} or 4.8 × 10^{-3}.

You can probably see how much easier it is to manage numbers when they are in standard form - counting all those zeros can be quite tricky! It can be incredibly useful in science if you want to compare the magnitude of things that are very large (such as distances in space) or very small (such as the size of bacteria or cells in the body).

In this activity, we will just look at very small numbers.

**Example**

Change 0.00000583 into standard form.

First, fix the decimal point after the first non-zero digit to get a number between 1 and 10: **5.83**

Next, determine the power of 10 that you must multiply 5.83 by, to get back to 0.00000583

In this case it is **-6.**

In other words, we divide 5.83 by 10 six times to get to 0.00000583.

So **0.00000583 = 5.83 × 10 ^{-6}**

**Other Examples**

0.0000001122 =** 1.122 × 10**^{-7}

0.00000006 =** 6 x 10 ^{-8}**

Let's try some questions now.