The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Finding the LCM and HCF Using the Product of Prime Factors

In this worksheet, students find the lowest common multiple and highest common factor using the product of prime factors.

'Finding the LCM and HCF Using the Product of Prime Factors' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Number

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Concepts and Vocabulary for All Numbers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this worksheet, we will be finding the lowest common multiple (LCM) and the highest common factor (HCF) of two numbers using their products of prime factors.

 
 Reminder

This is how we write 1800 as the product of

prime factors:

1800 = 23 × 32 × 52

2 1 8 0 0      
  2 9 0 0
  2 4 5 0
  3 2 2 5
    3 7 5
    5 2 5
        5

 
In a similar way, we find that 2100 = 22 × 3 × 52 × 7

 

Example

Find the LCM and HCF of 1800 and 2100.

We can put all the prime factors in a Venn Diagram such as this:

 

 

To find the HCF, we multiply together the numbers in the intersection.

HCF = 2 × 2 × 5 × 5 × 3 = 300

 

To find the LCM, we multiply all the numbers in the Venn Diagram

LCM = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 5 × 5 × 7 = 1800 × 7 = 12600

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

16 and 20

 

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

16 and 20

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

40 and 60

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

40 and 60

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

594 and 864

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

594 and 864

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

1071 and 1575

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

1071 and 1575

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

1500 and 390

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

1500 and 390

  • Question 1

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

16 and 20

 

CORRECT ANSWER
80
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
16 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2
20 = 2 x 2 x 5

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 2 = 4

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 = 80

  • Question 2

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

16 and 20

CORRECT ANSWER
4
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
16 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2
20 = 2 x 2 x 5

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 2 = 4

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 = 80

  • Question 3

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

40 and 60

CORRECT ANSWER
120
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
40 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 5
60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 2 x 5 = 20

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 2 x 5 x 2 x 3 = 120

  • Question 4

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

40 and 60

CORRECT ANSWER
20
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
40 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 5
60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 2 x 5 = 20

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 2 x 5 x 2 x 3 = 120

  • Question 5

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

594 and 864

CORRECT ANSWER
9504
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
594 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 11
864 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 3

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3  = 54

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3  x 11 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 9504

  • Question 6

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

594 and 864

CORRECT ANSWER
54
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
594 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 11
864 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 3

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3  = 54

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3  x 11 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 9504

  • Question 7

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

1071 and 1575

CORRECT ANSWER
26775
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
1071 = 3 x 3 x 7 x 17
1575 = 3 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 7

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 3 x 3 x 7  = 63

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 3 x 3 x7  x 17 x 5 x 5 = 26775

  • Question 8

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

1071 and 1575

CORRECT ANSWER
63
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
1071 = 3 x 3 x 7 x 17
1575 = 3 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 7

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 3 x 3 x 7  = 63

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 3 x 3 x7  x 17 x 5 x 5 = 26775

  • Question 9

Find the LCM of the following pair of numbers:

1500 and 390

CORRECT ANSWER
19500
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
1500 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 5
390 = 2 x 3 x 5 x 13

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 3 x 5 = 30

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 3 x 5 x 2 x 5 x 5 x 13 = 19500

  • Question 10

Find the HCF of the following pair of numbers:

1500 and 390

CORRECT ANSWER
30
EDDIE SAYS

First we need to find the prime factors of each number
1500 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 5
390 = 2 x 3 x 5 x 13

The HCF is given by the numbers that appear in both lists
HCF = 2 x 3 x 5 = 30

The LCM is given by the HCF multiplied by all the rest of the numbers

LCM = 2 x 3 x 5 x 2 x 5 x 5 x 13 = 19500

---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.