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Look at Heating Materials

In this worksheet, students will have to consider how heating and cooling changes materials and also what level of heat is required to effect a change.

'Look at Heating Materials' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   States of Matter

Curriculum subtopic:   Heating and Cooling

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

You use so many different things every day and they are made out of an enormous range of different materials.

 

Some of those materials can be changed by heat. Sometimes it might be a lot of heat, sometimes it might be just a little bit. Sometimes they change back when they cool down.

 

Here's some plastic building bricks:

 

Lego blocks

 

If they're heated, they will melt, but ... how much heat?  A warm room?  A log fire?  A furnace?  Your experience tells you that plastic needs more than just a warm room to make it melt - for example, you wouldn't want to put them on a hot electric hob!

 

If they melt, once they're cooled down, will they turn solid again or stay melted?  Again, your experience of melting tells you that once cool, they turn solid again - just not in the same shape!  That process is called freezing - a word you associate with 'cold' but, in fact, simply means a liquid cooling down and turning into a solid.  In fact, molten lead freezes at 327oC!

 

molten metal

 

One further thing: if the plastic bricks end up in the fire, they will not simply melt - they will burn.  Now they're not plastic any more: black smoke, sticky black substances; burning is different to melting as the substance being burned turns into something completely different.

 

Fire

 

In this worksheet have a think about the materials in the question, what you know about them, and use that to help you decide how the materials change.

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