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Understand How Diffusion Works in the Body

In this worksheet, students will learn about how diffusion works in the body during the processes of respiration and digestion.

'Understand How Diffusion Works in the Body' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Year:  Year 9 Science worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Chemistry: Pure and Impure Substances

Curriculum subtopic:   Diffusion: Particle Model

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Particles of a substance will spread evenly throughout a liquid or gas in a process called diffusion. This is because particles in liquids and gases are in constant motion.


Diffusion is the movement of a substance from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.


What are some examples of diffusion in the body?

Diffusion is an essential process in the human body. Many substances move into and out of living cells by diffusion. 


diffusion in the lungs


In the lungs, oxygen that has been breathed in through the nose travels down into the lungs where it needs to get into the blood to circulate round the body. The way the oxygen gets into the blood is by diffusion. There is a high concentration of oxygen in the lungs and low concentration in the blood, so the oxygen diffuses down the concentration gradient into the blood and away. 


Similarly, the body needs to get rid of the waste carbon dioxide it has in the blood, so the carbon dioxide moves from an area of high concentration in the blood to an area of lower concentration in the lungs, where it is then breathed out through your mouth. 


Let's take a look at some more examples of diffusion in action in the body in the following activity. 

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