# Complete the Word Pair Using Word Relationships

In this worksheet, students will rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

When people get tired they sometimes say their brains are scrambled!

Well, there is no room for that here, as we need your best brainpower to unscramble the following words.

Challenge accepted, word detective?

Below are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

Let’s look at an example together now.

What could be the special pattern below?

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, ____ )

If you look closely, you will notice that the second word is made up of the 5th, 4th and 3rd letters of the first word (in that order) and then an -s is added onto the end.

We need to do the same for the word cheaply.

This gives us pea, then add the s and we get PEAS. YUM!

So the complete set of words would be:

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, peas)

Let’s investigate another example now.

Look at these word pairs.

Can you work out the special pattern and figure out which word comes next?

(cabled, able)          (trains, rain)          (smiles, ____ )

Did you notice that the first and last letters are being removed each time?

We need to do the same for smiles and this gives us the answer MILE.

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

Let’s get started!

Here are two groups of words:

[extend, net]

[cabins, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[because, ace]

[booth, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Review the new word pairings below:

[elderly, red]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Are you getting the idea so far, word detective?

Consider these new suspects:

[tables, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these dastardly duos:

[panicking, naps]

[racing, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[turnips, pins]

[console, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Can you find the pattern in the moving letters below?

[torrent, rots]

[simpler, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out the wily word pairs below:

[negotiate, gene]

[mostly, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Only a couple more cases to solve, word detective!

Investigate the word groups below:

[mittens, time]

[master, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

Here are your final two groups of words:

[clapping, palm]

[crawling, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

• Question 1

Here are two groups of words:

[extend, net]

[cabins, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Nib
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this first challenge? It wasn't an easy one! Let's start by numbering the letters in our first word in the first pair 'extend' from 1 to 6. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'net', our pattern is 5, 1 or 4, 3. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'cabins': 5, 1, 3 = n c b 5, 4, 3 = n i b Which of these options is a real word? It's 'nib' which means the pointed end of a pen which distributes ink. Well done if you got this tricky first question correct - on to the next!
• Question 2

Here are two new groups of words:

[because, ace]

[booth, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Too
EDDIE SAYS
Another very challenging one here! The tricky thing is that our first words in each pair have a different number of letters - when this happens, know that the pattern must occur in the letters which they have in common. So, in this case, within the first five letters. Let's start by numbering the letters in our first word in the first pair 'because' from 1 to 7. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'ace', our pattern is 4, 3, 2. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'booth': 4, 3, 2 = t o o Amazing work!
• Question 3

Review the new word pairings below:

[elderly, red]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Dam
EDDIE SAYS
In this case, the second word in each group is made up of the fifth, fourth and third letters of the first word (in this order). Did you spot the key clue to solve this mystery, word detective?
• Question 4

Are you getting the idea so far, word detective?

Consider these new suspects:

[tables, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Bat
EDDIE SAYS
Superstar effort so far! In this case, the second word in each group is made up of the third, second and first letters of the first word (in this order).
• Question 5

Check out these dastardly duos:

[panicking, naps]

[racing, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Cars
EDDIE SAYS
Here, the second word in each group is made up of the third, second and first letters of the first word (in this order), then a letter s has been added to the end too. Remember letters can be added or removed, and they can also be jumbled up in forward or reverse order - so lots to consider! These are challenging cases to crack but you'll find them easier with practice, so keep it up!
• Question 6

Here are two new groups of words:

[turnips, pins]

[console, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Lose
EDDIE SAYS
If we number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'turnips' from 1 to 7. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'pins', our pattern is 6, 5, 4, 7. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'console': 6, 5, 4, 7 = l o s e Hopefully you didn't LOSE out on this one?
• Question 7

Can you find the pattern in the moving letters below?

[torrent, rots]

[simpler, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Miss
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the second word in each group is made up of the third, second and first letters of the first word (in this order), then a letter s has been added to the end too. We know that the letter s must be added, because we cannot find an s in our starting word. This was a little challenging as we have two letter r's in our first word, so it could have been either of these letters being used. We know that we need to use the first three letters by trying the alternative and finding that we can't make a real word. Does that make sense detective?
• Question 8

Check out the wily word pairs below:

[negotiate, gene]

[mostly, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Some
EDDIE SAYS
Wow, this was a seriously challenging one! If we number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'negotiate' from 1 to 9. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'gene', our pattern is 3, 2 or 9, 1, 2 or 9. However, as the word 'mostly' only has six letters, we know that we can disregard the 9th letter option. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order using the word 'mostly': 3, 2, 1, 2 = s o m o Is this a real word? No, it isn't, so what's our alternative? Perhaps a letter has been added instead? If we add a letter e to the end of our first three letters, then we reach the words 'gene' and 'some'. Great work if you sweated that one out to the end and reached the correct answer!
• Question 9

Only a couple more cases to solve, word detective!

Investigate the word groups below:

[mittens, time]

[master, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

Same
Tame
EDDIE SAYS
Let's number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'mittens' from 1 to 7. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'time', our pattern is 3 or 4, 2, 1, 5. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'master': 3, 2, 1, 5 = s a m e 4, 2, 1, 5 = t a m e Both of these are real words, so we will accept either culprit in this case! You're onto your last mission already - great work!
• Question 10

Here are your final two groups of words:

[clapping, palm]

[crawling, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Warm
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the second word in each group is made up of the fourth, third and second letters of the first word (in this order), then a letter m has been added to the end too. We know that the letter m must be added, because we cannot find an m in our starting word. This was a little challenging as we have two letter p's in our first word, so it could have been either of these letters being used. We know that we need to use the first three letters by trying the alternative and finding that we can't make a real word. High five! You have now completed this activity! You can now rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required.
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