# Complete the Word Pair Using Complex Word Relationships

In this worksheet, students will rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

When people get tired they sometimes say their brains are scrambled!

Well, there is no room for that here, as we need your best brainpower to unscramble the following words.

Challenge accepted, word detective?

Below are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

Let’s look at an example together now.

What could be the special pattern below?

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, ____ )

If you look closely, you will notice that the second word is made up of the 5th, 4th and 3rd letters of the first word (in that order) and then an -s is added onto the end.

We need to do the same for the word cheaply.

This gives us pea, then add the s and we get PEAS. YUM!

So the complete set of words would be:

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, peas)

Let’s investigate another example now.

Look at these word pairs.

Can you work out the special pattern and figure out which word comes next?

(cabled, able)          (trains, rain)          (smiles, ____ )

Did you notice that the first and last letters are being removed each time?

We need to do the same for smiles and this gives us the answer MILE.

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

Let’s get started!

Here's a set of challenges for you, word scrambler!

Here are two groups of words:

[break, beaks]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[torch, teach]

[price, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new word groupings now:

[feared, four]

[paired, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

[swarm, raw]

[spans, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Below are your next word suspects:

[towards, coward]

[battles, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your next groups of words:

[worms, warns]

[bores, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

[venomous, one]

[stepped, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

[scorched, scored]

[provided, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

[contract, detracts]

[precision, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your final groups of words:

[tubes, table]

[cubed, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

• Question 1

Here's a set of challenges for you, word scrambler!

Here are two groups of words:

[break, beaks]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

EDDIE SAYS
The first word in each group has had its third and fourth letters removed, plus the suffix -s has been added in order to create the second word. So two changes have been made to the first words - did you spot that super sleuth?
• Question 2

Here are two new groups of words:

[torch, teach]

[price, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Peace
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on here? Let's start by identifying the letters which stay the same in the first pairing - they are 't' and 'ch' (which are the first, fourth and fifth letters). If we apply this to the second pairing, then 'price' becomes: p _ _ c e What have the other two letters been replaced with? To create the word 'teach', the two central letters of 'torch' have been replaced with ea. If we add ea into the gaps here, we reach: p _ _ c e -> p e a c e Were you successful with this one, word detective?
• Question 3

Check out these new word groupings now:

[feared, four]

[paired, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Pour
EDDIE SAYS
So two of the letters have stayed the same here, and two have switched, plus the -ed ending has been removed. If we start with our constant letters, we reach: p _ _ r The letter pair we need to add in is ou. If we add this in, then we find: p _ _ r -> p o u r
• Question 4

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

[swarm, raw]

[spans, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Nap
EDDIE SAYS
Let's start by numbering the letters in the first word of our first pair 'swarm' from 1 to 5. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'raw'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 4, 3, 2. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'spans', we find that: 4, 3, 2 = n a p Hopefully you weren't caught NAPping on this one! On to the next mystery now, word detective...
• Question 5

Below are your next word suspects:

[towards, coward]

[battles, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Cattle
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this one? The first word in each group has had its first letter changed to a c, plus the suffix -s removed from its end in order to create the second word. You're doing great so far, word detective!
• Question 6

Here are your next groups of words:

[worms, warns]

[bores, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Barns
EDDIE SAYS
So three of the letters have stayed the same here, and two have switched. The first, third and fifth letters of 'worms' have remained present in the second word 'warns'. If we start with applying our constant letters, we reach: b _ r _ s The letter o has been replaced with an a in the first pairing, whilst the letter fourth letter has been replaced with an n. If we add these two letters into our gaps, then we find: b _ r _ s -> b a r n s
• Question 7

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

[venomous, one]

[stepped, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Pet
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group has been created using the fourth, third and second letters of the first word in this order. Did you spy that, word detective?
• Question 8

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

[scorched, scored]

[provided, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Proved
EDDIE SAYS
The first word in each group has had its fifth and sixth letters removed in order to create the second word. Impressive word scrambling so far - just two mysteries remain!
• Question 9

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

[contract, detracts]

[precision, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Decisions
EDDIE SAYS
The first word in each group has had its first three letters changed to the prefix de-, plus the suffix -s added at its end in order to create the second word. Let's take a look at your last case now detective!
• Question 10

Here are your final groups of words:

[tubes, table]

[cubed, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Cable
EDDIE SAYS
So two of the letters have stayed the same here, and three have switched. If we start with our constant letters in the first pairing, we find: c _ b _ _ The letter a has been added in the second position, whilst the suffix -le has been added at the end. If we add these in, then we find: c _ b _ _ -> c a b l e This activity is now complete - sweet! You can now rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real.
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