# Complete the Word Pair Using Word Relationships

In this worksheet, students will rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

When people get tired they sometimes say their brains are scrambled!

Well, there is no room for that here, as we need your best brainpower to unscramble the following words.

Challenge accepted word detective?

Below are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

Let’s look at an example together now.

What could be the special pattern below?

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, ____ )

If you look closely, you will notice that the second word is made up of the 5th, 4th and 3rd letters of the first word (in that order) and then an -s is added onto the end.

We need to do the same for the word cheaply.

This gives us pea, then add the s and we get PEAS. YUM!

So the complete set of words would be:

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, peas)

Let’s investigate another example now.

Look at these word pairs.

Can you work out the special pattern and figure out which word comes next?

(cabled, able)          (trains, rain)          (smiles, ____ )

Did you notice that the first and last letters are being removed each time?

We need to do the same for smiles and this gives us the answer MILE.

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

Let’s get started!

Here are two groups of words:

[named, many]

[ticking, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[sentence, net]

[hospital, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

If you think that there is more than one possible answer, choose only one to record or you may be marked incorrectly.

Review the new word pairings below:

[contraption, partly]

[underuse, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Are you getting the idea so far, word detective?

Consider these new suspects:

[craving, vary]

[sludge, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these dastardly duos:

[retailer, ate]

[capsule, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[referee, fern]

[walking, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

If you think that there is more than one possible answer, choose only one to record or you may be marked incorrectly.

Can you find the pattern in the moving letters below?

[bottle, top]

[camera, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out the wily word pairs below:

[yesterday, dress]

[fingerprint, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Only a couple more cases to solve, word detective!

Investigate the word groups below:

[predict, den]

[tramway, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your final two groups of words:

[closure, sock]

[toolbox, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair of words, find the missing word.

• Question 1

Here are two groups of words:

[named, many]

[ticking, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

City
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this first challenge? Let's start by numbering the letters in our first word in the first pair 'named' from 1 to 5. You may have noticed that our two first words have different numbers of letters - when this happens focus only on the letters they have in common, so the first five letters in this case. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'many', our pattern is 3, 2, 1, +y. We know that we need to add the letter y, as it does not appear in the first word at all. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'ticking': 3, 2, 1, +y = c i t y Does that make sense? Well done if you got this tricky first question correct - on to the next!
• Question 2

Here are two new groups of words:

[sentence, net]

[hospital, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

If you think that there is more than one possible answer, choose only one to record or you may be marked incorrectly.

Sop
Sip
Sap
Top
Tip
Tap
EDDIE SAYS
Wow, this was a challenging mystery to solve as there were lots of viable options! Let's number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'sentence' from 1 to 8. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'net', our pattern is 3 or 6, 2 or 5 or 8, 4. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order using the word 'hospital': 3, 2, 4 = s o p 3, 5, 4 = s i p 3, 8, 4 = s a p 6, 2, 4 = t o p 6, 5, 4 = t i p 6, 8, 4 = t a p Which of these options are real words? They all are! So as long as you have recorded one of these options, then you are correct. Great work if you sweated that one out to the end and reached one of the correct answer!
• Question 3

Review the new word pairings below:

[contraption, partly]

[underuse, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Surely
EDDIE SAYS
Another very challenging one here! The tricky thing is that our first words in each pair have a different number of letters - when this happens, know that the pattern must occur in the letters which they have in common. So, in this case, within the first eight letters. Let's start by numbering the first eight letters in our first word in the first pair 'contraption' from 1 to 8. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'partly', our pattern is 7, 6, 5, 4 or 8, +ly. We know that we need to add the suffix -ly, as these letters do not appear in the first word at all. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'underuse': 7, 6, 5, 4, +ly = s u r e l y 7, 6, 5, 8, +ly = s u r s l y Which of these options is a real word? 'Surely' is!
• Question 4

Are you getting the idea so far, word detective?

Consider these new suspects:

[craving, vary]

[sludge, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Duly
EDDIE SAYS
In this case, the second word in each group is made up of the fourth, third and second letters of the first word (in this order), plus the letter y has been added at the end. Are you familiar with the word 'duly'? If not, then look up its meaning now in a dictionary and record it in your personal word log. Did you spot the key clue to solve this mystery, word detective?
• Question 5

Check out these dastardly duos:

[retailer, ate]

[capsule, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Spa
EDDIE SAYS
Superstar effort so far! Here, the second word in each group is made up of the fourth, third and second letters of the first word (in this order). You're halfway through your cases already detective!
• Question 6

Here are two new groups of words:

[referee, fern]

[walking, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

If you think that there is more than one possible answer, choose only one to record or you may be marked incorrectly.

Lain
Lawn
EDDIE SAYS
This one was sneaky as we had so many letter e's to consider in our first word 'referee'! Let's start by numbering the letters in our first word in the first pair 'referee' from 1 to 7. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'fern', our pattern is 3, 2 or 4 or 6 or 7, 5 or 1, +n. We know that the letter n must be an addition, as it does not appear in our first word at all. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order from the word 'walking': 3, 2, 5, +n = l a i n 3, 4, 5, +n = l k i n 3, 6, 5, +n = l n i n 3, 7, 5, +n = l g i n 3, 2, 1, +n = l a w n 3, 4, 1, +n = l k w n 3, 6, 1, +n = l n w n 3, 7, 1, +n = l g w n Which of these options are real words? You had a choice of 'lain' or 'lawn', which were both correct answers here - which did you choose?
• Question 7

Can you find the pattern in the moving letters below?

[bottle, top]

[camera, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Map
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the second word in each group is made up of the third and second letters of the first word (in this order), then a letter p has been added to the end too. We know that the letter p must be added, because we cannot find a p in our starting word. This was a little challenging as we have two letter t's in our first word, so it could have been either of these letters being used to create the word 'top'. We know that we need to use the first three letters by trying the alternative and finding that we can't make a real word. Does that make sense detective?
• Question 8

Check out the wily word pairs below:

[yesterday, dress]

[fingerprint, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Press
EDDIE SAYS
Wow, this was a seriously sneaky one! First, number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'yesterday' from 1 to 9. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'dress', our pattern is 7, 6, 2 or 5, 3, 3. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order using the word 'fingerprint': 7, 6, 2, 3, 3 = p r i n n 7, 6, 5, 3, 3 = p r e n n Are either of these options real words? No, they aren't, so what's our alternative? Perhaps a letter or letters have been added instead? If we add the ending -ss to the end of our first three letters, then we reach the words 'priss' and 'press'. As 'priss' is not a real word, then 'press' must be the suspect we have been searching for!
• Question 9

Only a couple more cases to solve, word detective!

Investigate the word groups below:

[predict, den]

[tramway, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Man
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the second word in each group is made up of the fourth and third letters of the first word (in this order), then a letter n has been added to the end too. We know that the letter n must be added, because we cannot find an n in our starting word. Let's take a look at your last mission now, word detective!
• Question 10

Here are your final two groups of words:

[closure, sock]

[toolbox, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair of words, find the missing word.

Lock
EDDIE SAYS
A tricky one to end on! First, let's number the letters in our first word in the first pair 'closure' from 1 to 7. If we think which of these letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'sock', our pattern is 4, 3, 1, +k. So let's apply the same pattern to our second pairing, by taking the letters from these positions in the same order using the word 'toolbox': 4, 3, 1, +k = l o t k Unfortunately this isn't a real word, so another rule must be at work here! Perhaps a letter or letters have been added instead? If we add the ending -ck to the end of our first two letters, then we reach the words 'lock'. As no other actions create a viable word, this must be the pattern which we have been searching for. Well done for unLOCKing this activity, word scrambler! You can now rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required.
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