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Complete the Word Pair Using Complex Word Relationships

In this worksheet, students will rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

'Complete the Word Pair Using Complex Word Relationships ' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

When people get tired they sometimes say their brains are scrambled!  

 

Well, there is no room for that here, as we need your best brainpower to unscramble the following words.

Challenge accepted, word detective?

 

Below are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

 

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

 

 

 


Let’s look at an example together now. 

What could be the special pattern below?

 

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, ____ )

 

If you look closely, you will notice that the second word is made up of the 5th, 4th and 3rd letters of the first word (in that order) and then an -s is added onto the end.

 

We need to do the same for the word cheaply.

 

This gives us pea, then add the s and we get PEAS. YUM!

 

So the complete set of words would be:

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, peas)

 

Group of green peas

 

 

 

Let’s investigate another example now. 

 

Look at these word pairs.

Can you work out the special pattern and figure out which word comes next?

 

(cabled, able)          (trains, rain)          (smiles, ____ )                      

 

A smiling, jam biscuit

 

Did you notice that the first and last letters are being removed each time?

 

We need to do the same for smiles and this gives us the answer MILE.

 

 

 

 

Pssstt!! Here’s a handy hint to help you reach superstar status:

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

 

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

 

Let’s get started!

Are you ready for a challenge, word detective? 

 

Here are two groups of words:

 

[handling, hangs]

[contrast, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

And here's another one!

 

Here are two new groups of words:

 

[curtains, cure]

[tortilla, ____ ]

 

Wooden window with frilled, patterned curtains

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new word groupings now:

 

[janitor, tins]

[integrate, ____ ]

 

Open and empty tin can

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

 

[automatic, at]

[emotional, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Below are your next word suspects:

 

[satisfying, site]

[important, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your next groups of words:

 

[admission, road]

[seclusion, ____ ]

 

Boy in the centre of a busy road

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

 

[spokesman, span]

[dedicated, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

 

[candidate, ten]

[afternoon, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

 

[facilitate, face]

[leadership, ____ ]

Boy pulling silly face

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Ready for your final mission, word scrambler?

 

Here are your final groups of words:

 

[articles, are]

[personal, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

  • Question 1

Are you ready for a challenge, word detective? 

 

Here are two groups of words:

 

[handling, hangs]

[contrast, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Costs
EDDIE SAYS
Let's start by numbering the letters in the first word of our first pair 'handling' from 1 to 8. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'hangs'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 1, 2, 3 or 7, 8, +s. We know that we need to add the s to the end, as no letter s appears in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'contrast', we have these two options: 1, 2, 3, 8, +s = c o n t s 1, 2, 7, 8, +s = c o s t s Which of these words is real and can be found in the dictionary? It's 'costs' of course - so there's our answer! On to the next mystery now, word detective...
  • Question 2

And here's another one!

 

Here are two new groups of words:

 

[curtains, cure]

[tortilla, ____ ]

 

Wooden window with frilled, patterned curtains

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Tore
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the first three letters of the first word, then the letter e has been added at the end. We know that the letter e must be added, as it does not appear at all in our first word. Did you spot that key clue to crack this case?
  • Question 3

Check out these new word groupings now:

 

[janitor, tins]

[integrate, ____ ]

 

Open and empty tin can

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Gets
EDDIE SAYS
This was a little tricky, as the first words in both groups have different numbers of letters. When this happens, we know that the pattern we are looking for must occur in the letters they have in common. So, in this case, the first seven letters. The second word in each group is made up of the fifth, fourth and third letters of the first word, then the letter s has been added at the end. Did you GET that one?
  • Question 4

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

 

[automatic, at]

[emotional, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
On
EDDIE SAYS
A sneaky one here! Our second words are much shorter than our first and only use two letters of our first words - but which ones? If we consider our first pairing, the second word could have been created using letters 1 or 6, then 3 or 7. If we try these options out in the second pairing and using the word 'emotional' as our base, which combination gives us a real word? It's 'on', of course!
  • Question 5

Below are your next word suspects:

 

[satisfying, site]

[important, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Rope
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this one? Let's start by numbering the letters in the first word of our first pair 'satisfying' from 1 to 10 - phew, a long one there! Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'site'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 1 or 5, 4 or 8, 3, +e. We know that we need to add the e to the end, as no letter e appears in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'important', we have these four options: 1, 4, 3, +e = i o p e 1, 8, 3, +e = i n p e 5, 4, 3, +e = r o p e 5, 8, 3, +e = r n p e Which of these words is real? Our culprit is 'rope'!
  • Question 6

Here are your next groups of words:

 

[admission, road]

[seclusion, ____ ]

 

Boy in the centre of a busy road

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Rose
EDDIE SAYS
Let's number the letters in the first word of our first pair 'admission' from 1 to 9. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'road'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: +r, 8, 1, 2. We know that we need to add the r to the end, as no letter r appears in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'seclusion', we find that: +r, 8, 1, 2 = r o s e Beautiful!
  • Question 7

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

 

[spokesman, span]

[dedicated, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Deed
EDDIE SAYS
Start by numbering our first word 'spokesman'. Which letters have been used in 'span'? It's: 1 or 6, 2, 8, 9. Apply to second word 'dedicated': 1, 2, 8, 9 = d e e d 6, 2, 8, 9 = c e e d 'Deed' is the real word out of these two options - a tricky case inDEED!
  • Question 8

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

 

[candidate, ten]

[afternoon, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Opt
EDDIE SAYS
Impressive word scrambling so far! Start by numbering our first word 'candidate'. Which letters have been used in 'ten'? It's: 8, 9, 3. Apply to second word 'afternoon': 8, 9, 3 = o p t Did you solve this one successfully, super sleuth?
  • Question 9

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

 

[facilitate, face]

[leadership, ____ ]

Boy pulling silly face

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Leap
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the first three letters then the last letter of the first word joined together. Are there any words here that are new to you? If so, remember to make a note of them and look them up in a dictionary to find out what they mean. Let's have a look at your final challenge now!
  • Question 10

Ready for your final mission, word scrambler?

 

Here are your final groups of words:

 

[articles, are]

[personal, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Pea
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the first, second and seventh letters of the first word. Yippee - you have now completed this activity! You can now rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real - great work, word scrambler!
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