# Complete the Word Pair Using Complex Word Relationships

In this worksheet, students will rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

When people get tired they sometimes say their brains are scrambled!

Well, there is no room for that here, as we need your best brainpower to unscramble the following words.

Challenge accepted, word detective?

Below are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

Let’s look at an example together now.

What could be the special pattern below?

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, ____ )

If you look closely, you will notice that the second word is made up of the 5th, 4th and 3rd letters of the first word (in that order) and then an -s is added onto the end.

We need to do the same for the word cheaply.

This gives us pea, then add the s and we get PEAS. YUM!

So the complete set of words would be:

(extending, nets)          (attests, sets)          (cheaply, peas)

Let’s investigate another example now.

Look at these word pairs.

Can you work out the special pattern and figure out which word comes next?

(cabled, able)          (trains, rain)          (smiles, ____ )

Did you notice that the first and last letters are being removed each time?

We need to do the same for smiles and this gives us the answer MILE.

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

Let’s get started!

Here are two groups of words:

[comfort, force]

[cowslip, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are two new groups of words:

[doctor, rote]

[itself, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new word groupings now:

[planet, pet]

[submit, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

[learned, dent]

[uprisen, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Below are your next word suspects:

[chosen, closed]

[shower, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Ready for another challenge, word detective?

Here are your next groups of words:

[weather, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

[chart, shape]

[twins, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

[rotate, late]

[strike, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

[cloth, slope]

[acorn, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are your final groups of words:

[blank, crane]

[flats, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

• Question 1

Here are two groups of words:

[comfort, force]

[cowslip, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Slice
EDDIE SAYS
Let's start by numbering the letters in the first word of our first pair 'comfort' from 1 to 7. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'force'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 4, 5 or 2, 6, 1, +e. We know that we need to add the e to the end, as no letter e appears in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'cowslip', we have these two options: 4, 5, 6, 1, +e = s l i c e 4, 2, 6, 1, +e = s o i c e Which of these words is real and can be found in the dictionary? It's 'slice' of course - so there's our answer! On to the next mystery now, word detective...
• Question 2

Here are two new groups of words:

[doctor, rote]

[itself, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Flee
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this case? The second word in each group has been created using the sixth, fifth and fourth letters (in this order) of the first word, plus the letter e has been added at the end. We know that the letter e must be added, as it does not appear at all in our first word. Did you spot that key clue to crack this case?
• Question 3

Check out these new word groupings now:

[planet, pet]

[submit, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Sit
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the first, fifth and sixth letters of the first word. Don't stop now - keep up the great work detective!
• Question 4

Check out these new dastardly word duos:

[learned, dent]

[uprisen, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Nest
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this one? Let's start by numbering the letters in the first word of our first pair 'learned' from 1 to 7. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'dent'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 7, 2 or 6, 5, +t. We know that we need to add the t to the end, as no letter t appears in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'uprisen', we have these two options: 7, 2, 5, +t = n n s t 7, 6, 5, +t = n e s t Which of these words is real? Our culprit is 'nest'!
• Question 5

Below are your next word suspects:

[chosen, closed]

[shower, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Slowed
EDDIE SAYS
Let's number the letters in the first word of our first pair 'chosen' from 1 to 6. Then we need to decide which letters have been used and in which order to create the second word 'closed'. The letters which have been used in their new order are: 1, +l, 3, 4, 5, +d. We know that the letters l and d have been added, as they do not appear at all in our first word. If we apply this letter pattern to the first word of our second group 'shower', we find that: 1, +l, 3, 4, 5, +d = s l o w e d Hopefully, this one didn't SLOW you down at all!
• Question 6

Ready for another challenge, word detective?

Here are your next groups of words:

[weather, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Wither
EDDIE SAYS
The first word in each group has had its second and third letters changed to an i in order to create the second word. Surely that answer wasn't HIDING from you, word detective? If you are unsure of the meaning of any words in this activity, then look them up in a dictionary and make a note of them in your personal word log.
• Question 7

Can you find the pattern in the word scramble below?

[chart, shape]

[twins, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Swipe
EDDIE SAYS
The first word in each group has had its first letter changed to a c, plus its final two letters replaced with the letter pairing pe, in order to create the second word. Keep up the great work!
• Question 8

Review the shifting letters in the word pairs below:

[rotate, late]

[strike, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Like
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the last three letters of the first word, with the letter l added at the start. We know that the letter l must be added, as it does not appear at all in our first word. Impressive word scrambling - just two challenges now remain!
• Question 9

Here are your penultimate word pairings:

[cloth, slope]

[acorn, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Scope
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the first and second letters of the first word, with the letter s added at the start and the final two letters replaced with the letter pair pe. Phew, we had three changes to spot there - how many did you observe detective? Let's take a peek at your final case now...
• Question 10

Here are your final groups of words:

[blank, crane]

[flats, ____ ]

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Crate
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group is made up of the third and fourth letters of the first word, with the prefix cr- added at the start and the final letter switched for a letter e instead. You can now rearrange multiple letters in a starting word to find a new word, including adding in new letters where required and choosing which created words are real. Well done for all your fantastic word scrambling!
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