The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Use Hyphens to Join Prefixes to Root Words 2

In this worksheet, students consider further rules for using hyphens when adding prefixes to root words.

'Use Hyphens to Join Prefixes to Root Words 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  English

Curriculum subtopic:  Punctuation: Commas, Hyphens, Parentheses & Dashes

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

When we add prefixes to root words we sometimes need to use a hyphen (-).

 

If the prefix ends in a vowel and the root word begins with a vowel, a hyphen is often used.

de-ice

pre-order

 

A hyphen is also used if the root word is a proper noun or an adjective that needs a capital letter. In the example below, European has a capital letter because it is formed from the proper noun Europe.

mid-December

trans-European

 

The prefixes all-, cross- and self- always have a hyphen.

all-powerful

cross-channel

self-aware

 

The prefix ex- always has a hyphen when it means former, or before.

ex-president

ex-husband

 

However, when the prefix ex- means going out, or getting bigger, it doesn't have a hyphen.

explode

expand

 

In this worksheet you can practise deciding whether or not to use a hyphen when adding prefixes to root words.

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction if you can't remember when to use a hyphen.

mid-night

mid-April

mid-dle

mid-European

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

un-British

un-caring

un-deniable

un-American

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

all-powerful

all-otment

all-igator

all-seeing

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

My sister loves doing __________, but I prefer knitting.

crossstitch

cross-stitch

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

Jayden felt very __________ when he sang a solo in the school concert.

selfconscious

self-conscious

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

Freya's brother is my sister's __________.

exboyfriend

ex-boyfriend

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

To __________ means to breathe out.

exhale

ex-hale

Add the prefix self- to the root word discipline and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

Add the prefix ex- to the root word wife and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

Add the prefix self- to the root word employed and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

  • Question 1

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction if you can't remember when to use a hyphen.

CORRECT ANSWER
mid-April
mid-European
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix mid- only needs a hyphen if it is followed by a proper noun or an adjective that needs a capital letter.
  • Question 2

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

CORRECT ANSWER
un-British
un-American
EDDIE SAYS
Again, the prefix un- only needs a hyphen if the root word is a proper noun or an adjective that needs a capital letter.
  • Question 3

Look at the list of words below and decide which two examples have been correctly hyphenated.

CORRECT ANSWER
all-powerful
all-seeing
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix all- needs a hyphen before the root word. In the words alligator and allotment, the letters \'all\' are just part of the word and are not a prefix meaning \'all\'.
  • Question 4

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

My sister loves doing __________, but I prefer knitting.

CORRECT ANSWER
cross-stitch
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix cross- always has a hyphen. The word looks very strange without one!
  • Question 5

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

Jayden felt very __________ when he sang a solo in the school concert.

CORRECT ANSWER
self-conscious
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix self- always has a hyphen.
  • Question 6

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

Freya's brother is my sister's __________.

CORRECT ANSWER
ex-boyfriend
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix ex- needs a hyphen when it means former or previous. An ex-boyfriend is no longer a boyfriend.
  • Question 7

Choose the correct spelling of the word missing from the sentence.

 

To __________ means to breathe out.

CORRECT ANSWER
exhale
EDDIE SAYS
This time the prefix ex- doesn\'t need a hyphen as it means going out, rather than former.
  • Question 8

Add the prefix self- to the root word discipline and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

CORRECT ANSWER
self-discipline
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix self- always has a hyphen.
  • Question 9

Add the prefix ex- to the root word wife and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

CORRECT ANSWER
ex-wife
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix ex- has a hyphen when it means former, or previous.
  • Question 10

Add the prefix self- to the root word employed and write the new word in the answer box. Think about whether you need a hyphen or not.

CORRECT ANSWER
self-employed
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix self- always has a hyphen.
---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.