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Identify Different Patterns of Rhyme in Poetry

In this worksheet, students will read different poems and identify the rhyme schemes used in them.

'Identify Different Patterns of Rhyme in Poetry' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 4 English worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Recognise Forms of Poetry

Popular topics:   Reading Comprehension worksheets

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

A lot of poems rhyme, but there are many different ways of writing a rhyming poem.


dog with bone


In this poem, the first and third lines rhyme with each other, and so do the second and fourth lines.


My dog eats bones

He chews them up

His name is Jones

He's just a pup.


Rhyming patterns can be given letter names to help us tell them apart. If we call the first rhyme (bones and Jones) A and the second rhyme (up and pupB then the rhyme scheme is ABAB.


My dog eats bones     A

He chews them up      B

His name is Jones      A

He's just a pup.           B


We can change the order of the lines around, which changes the rhyme scheme as well:


My dog eats bones     A

His name is Jones      A

He chews them up      B

He's just a pup.           B


The rhyme scheme is now AABB.

When pairs of lines rhyme in this way they are called rhyming couplets. Rhyming couplets are a common form of verse.


thumbs up


Another common rhyme scheme is for the second and fourth lines only to rhyme:


My dog eats bones     A

He chews them up      B

He's really sweet        C

He's just a pup.           B


The third line is given the letter C because it ends with a new sound that does not rhyme with either of the first two lines.

This rhyme scheme is called ABCB.


Giving letter names to the rhymes is a helpful way of describing them, but it can be confusing at first.


boy with headache


When you are doing this activity, remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking the red help button on the screen.

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