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Practise Using Summarising Techniques

In this worksheet, students will summarise texts by ordering events and answering questions connected to the 5 Ws.

'Practise Using Summarising Techniques' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 4 English worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Identify and Summarise Main Ideas

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we’re going to become summarising superstars.


happy boy throwing leaves


Summary questions often involve who, what, when, where, why and how.

These are often called the 5 Ws (and one H).


Can you summarise the last book you read using the 5 Ws and 1 H?


The last book I read had a main character called Steven who discovered a fossil in his garden on his birthday. He was planting some sunflower seeds when he came across the fossil.


Can you see how my summary answers who, what, when, where, why and how?


girl thinking


Take a look at the short story below:


Rex and the baby

Bathing on the conservatory floor in the warm, midday sun, Rex beamed as he knew he had the perfect life. Stretching his golden paws out in front of him, he let out a gigantic yawn, showing off his pointed canine teeth, then closed his eyes and dreamed of sizzling sausages.


“Rex! Here, boy. Time for dinner,” a jolly voice came from the kitchen. Instantly, Rex leapt up from his napping place to dash into the kitchen. The chiming of his name tag repeatedly hitting the food bowl echoed around the house. It was no surprise that he had finished his meal in less than a minute. His owners, Sophie and Parm, spoiled him from the moment they adopted him from the rescue centre. They took him for long walks, threw his ball and gave him the best cuddles.


One day, everything changed. When Rex heard the familiar jangling of keys, he excitedly rushed to the front door as he always did to greet his owners. Sophie came in and gave him a hug. Strange, he thought. Sophie seemed to have a new smell and she looked quite tired. A few minutes later, Parm came in the front door carefully carrying something very small with two arms and two legs.


Parm passed the thing he was carrying to Sophie and she sat it on her lap. This thing then had a bottle of milk, rubbed its eyes and fell asleep in her arms.  Parm and Sophie spent the rest of the day cuddling their new thing and smiling at each other. Rex had never felt so lonely. They nearly forgot about his dinner and he had to eat it ten minutes later than normal. He went to bed early and let out a few whimpering sounds. All night long, Rex could hear his owners walking up and down in their bedroom trying to calm the crying new arrival. “What an awful sound!” he thought. “Why would they bring such a noisy creature into our cosy home?”


The next day, Sophie appeared pushing a strange object with four wheels. They put the small creature into the object and put Rex on his lead. Once he got used to walking alongside the floating bed on wheels, Rex loved his walk. In fact, it was the best walk ever. They walked for longer than they usually did and so many people gave him a stroke as they walked past. “I could get used to this,” he thought.




Who is the main character?

This would be Rex. His name is in the title after all.


What was the main event?

This was his owners bringing home a new baby and Rex feeling left out.


When did the main event happen?

The main event happened the day after the story began.


Why did the main event happen?

The baby was getting all of the attention so Rex felt sad and jealous.


Can you summarise this story in less than 15 words?


boy writing


In this activity, we will be answering summary questions about a different story. We need to read the story carefully before answering the questions.

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