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Understand Relative Clauses 1

In this worksheet, students practise identifying relative clauses and relative pronouns.

'Understand Relative Clauses 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:  Relative Clause Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A relative clause is a special type of subordinate clause that gives more information about the noun that comes before it.

little boy wearing a blue coat with a blue ball

I threw the ball to the boy who was wearing a blue coat.

In this sentence, the underlined part is the relative clause. It tells us more about the boy. There might have been lots of boys, but only one of them was in a blue coat.

 

In the next sentence the relative clause gives us information about the town.

In the town where I live there is an ancient castle.

 

Relative clauses often begin with words such as who, which, where, when, whose and that. These are called relative pronouns.

 

In this worksheet you can practise identifying relative clauses and relative pronouns.

Read the following sentence and tick the relative clause.

 

The girl who won the prize was only ten years old.

The girl

who won the prize

was only ten years old

Again, read the sentence and tick the relative clause.

 

The car that my dad wants to buy is really expensive.

The car

that my dad wants to buy

is really expensive

Which part of the sentence is the relative clause this time?

 

I felt really sorry for the girl whose puppy had got lost.

I felt really sorry

for the girl

whose puppy had got lost

This time, identify the relative pronoun in the sentence.

 

The candidate who won the most votes was elected president.

candidate

who

won

votes

This time, identify the relative pronoun and write it in the answer box.

 

I like films that make me cry.

Again, write the relative pronoun in the answer box.

 

I don't like going to places where there are too many people.

Which is the relative pronoun this time?

 

The girl who won the competition is my sister.

Remember that a relative clause comes straight after the noun it gives information about. Look at the following sentence.

 

Katie loves dogs, although she is a bit scared of them.

 

In this sentence the underlined clause is not a relative clause. It doesn't give us any more information about the dogs themselves.

 

Only one of the sentences below contains a relative clause. Tick it.

Katie loves dogs but doesn't like cats.

Katie loves dogs that wag their tails a lot.

Katie loves dogs and wants to get a puppy for her birthday.

Again, only one of the sentences contains a relative clause. Which one?

The boy whose tooth fell out is my brother.

I have a brother and his tooth has just fallen out.

That boy has just lost a tooth.

Which sentence contains a relative clause this time?

I love London and I'm going there on Saturday.

London is a big city but I know my way around.

London, which is a big city, is 50 miles away.

  • Question 1

Read the following sentence and tick the relative clause.

 

The girl who won the prize was only ten years old.

CORRECT ANSWER
who won the prize
EDDIE SAYS
Good effort! Remember a relative clause is the part of the sentence that gives us more information. The relative clause is 'who won the prize'. It tells us more about the girl in the sentence.
  • Question 2

Again, read the sentence and tick the relative clause.

 

The car that my dad wants to buy is really expensive.

CORRECT ANSWER
that my dad wants to buy
EDDIE SAYS
The trick is to look for the part of the sentence that tells the reader extra information. In this example the sentence is talking about a car. The extra information 'that my dad wants to buy' is the relative clause. It gives more information about the car in the sentence.
  • Question 3

Which part of the sentence is the relative clause this time?

 

I felt really sorry for the girl whose puppy had got lost.

CORRECT ANSWER
whose puppy had got lost
EDDIE SAYS
You getting the hang of this now? The relative clause is 'whose puppy had got lost'. There could be a group of girls, but this extra information tells us which girl specifically the speaker is talking about.
  • Question 4

This time, identify the relative pronoun in the sentence.

 

The candidate who won the most votes was elected president.

CORRECT ANSWER
who
EDDIE SAYS
Good effort! A relative pronoun is used to connect a clause to a noun. The correct answer is 'who'. 'Candidate' and 'votes' are nouns, while 'won' is a verb.
  • Question 5

This time, identify the relative pronoun and write it in the answer box.

 

I like films that make me cry.

CORRECT ANSWER
that
EDDIE SAYS
Super star! The relative pronoun 'that' is at the beginning of the relative clause. 'That' is sued to connect the relative clause to the rest of the sentence. You've got this!
  • Question 6

Again, write the relative pronoun in the answer box.

 

I don't like going to places where there are too many people.

CORRECT ANSWER
where
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it? Try to identify the extra information in the sentence, this is the relative clause. Look for the word that links the relative clause to the rest of the sentence. The relative pronoun 'where' is at the beginning of the relative clause 'where there are too many people'. Keep going!
  • Question 7

Which is the relative pronoun this time?

 

The girl who won the competition is my sister.

CORRECT ANSWER
who
EDDIE SAYS
Great effort! The relative pronoun 'who' introduces the relative clause that gives us more information about the girl.
  • Question 8

Remember that a relative clause comes straight after the noun it gives information about. Look at the following sentence.

 

Katie loves dogs, although she is a bit scared of them.

 

In this sentence the underlined clause is not a relative clause. It doesn't give us any more information about the dogs themselves.

 

Only one of the sentences below contains a relative clause. Tick it.

CORRECT ANSWER
Katie loves dogs that wag their tails a lot.
EDDIE SAYS
You got the hang of this? You need to identify the noun first. A relative clause gives us more information about the noun it comes straight after. The noun in this example is 'dogs'. The relative clause is 'that wag their tails a lot'. It tells us about the kind of dogs that Katie likes.
  • Question 9

Again, only one of the sentences contains a relative clause. Which one?

CORRECT ANSWER
The boy whose tooth fell out is my brother.
EDDIE SAYS
Super job! The relative clause 'whose tooth fell out' tells us which boy we are talking about. It gives us extra information about the boy. Nearly there!
  • Question 10

Which sentence contains a relative clause this time?

CORRECT ANSWER
London, which is a big city, is 50 miles away.
EDDIE SAYS
Great job! Here you needed to identify 'London' as the noun. Which sentence gives us more information about the city itself? The relative clause 'which is a big city' tells us more about London. It tell us the extra information that London is a big city.
---- OR ----

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