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Use spoken language in groups

In this worksheet, students explore key skills and techniques that will help to improve their role-playing tasks in lessons.

'Use spoken language in groups' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Spoken Language

Curriculum subtopic:  Use Spoken Language in Groups

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

One important aspect of Spoken Language is being able to play a role in a drama style situation. Your teacher will provide you with a task brief but there are a number of general skills you need to develop and demonstrate in order to be successful at these tasks.
 
 

1. Working cooperatively: If you are working in a group you must work as a team to make the most of your rehearsal time. The ability to compromise is key here; faster decision making means less time wasted and more time polishing your performance.

 

A group holding hands


 
2. Creating a convincing character: Whatever role you take on in the scenario, you must spend some time thinking about the type of character you are playing. It may be useful to create a character profile outlining their background to help you to consider how they would be feeling and their reactions to other characters.
 
3. Movement, gesture and facial expressions: To help you to show a convincing character you must use appropriate body movements, hand gestures and facial expressions that fit with their personality or mood. For example, if you are playing an impatient character, you could place your hands on your hips or keep looking at your watch to emphasise this.

 


 
4. Speech and use of voice: In order to achieve the best possible grade, you must speak at length and make significant contributions that can be clearly heard by the audience. You should also consider how your character would be speaking at different moments in the play to show their emotions, personality and relationship with other characters. For example, imagine you are playing a character who has found out they have won the lottery but then loses their ticket before claiming the money. How could you show their change of emotion from ecstatic hysteria to disbelief and grief when you speak?
 
5. Use of space: You need to consider how you are going to use the performance space to represent the setting for your play. Make group decisions on where you will all enter and exit the scene so everyone is walking through the same 'door', what scenery or props might be effective to use and spacing, so everyone isn't acting in a tiny corner. You should also make sure you never have your back entirely to the audience as your voice will trail off and your facial expressions won't be seen.

 


 
7. Staying in role: This is one of the most important things to remember! Whatever happens or goes wrong: carry on acting. Never come out of role to apologise for a mishap or collapse into a fit of the giggles. If you don't show that something has gone wrong, the audience will never know.


 
In addition to these points, there are also some drama techniques that you could use in your performance to create certain effects and to add variety:


- Freeze-frames: Freezing the action for a number of seconds, almost like someone has taken a still picture of a moment in the performance. These only work well if they are well rehearsed and when everyone is completely still for exactly the same amount of time before moving to their next position.

- Flashbacks: Performing a play in non-chronological order and having a series of flashbacks in the action to help the audience slowly piece together the story.
 
= Thought tracking:This is an effective technique when used alongside freeze-frames. One character at a time can come out of the frozen 'picture' and recount their feelings to the audience in a short monologue before returning to their still position.

- Slow motion: A good technique to add drama and tension where you slow the action right down. It can be particularly effective when set to fitting music.
 
- Cross cutting: Where you have two different scenes stopping and starting alternately on different parts of the stage. An example of how this could be used is a staged telephone conversation which would feature the two participants in different places. Freeze-frames and lighting effects can also be used here to help the audience to focus on the intended action at the right time.
 

Identify the correct skills required for a successful role-play from the list below.

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

Working cooperatively

Wearing a mask

Staying in role

Movement, gesture and facial expressions

Refusing to speak

Choose the correct option to fill the gap in the sentence below.

 

Creating  ____________ ______________ is crucial. You could create a profile to help you to empathise with their background situation, thoughts and feelings.

a convincing character

an interesting character

a likeable character

Select the appropriate body movements and gestures that could be used to show an excited character:

 

Choose as many answers as you think are appropriate.

Arms crossed

Wide eyes

Smiling

Frowning

Unable to keep still

Rolling their eyes

What decisions do you need to make with your group regarding space?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

Where you will all 'enter' and 'exit'

What scenery or props you will use

Where everyone is going to stand

Clarifying where the audience is going to be

Working out ways to avoid having your back to the audience

What is the most important thing you should do if something goes wrong in your performance?

stay in role

stick to the script

make it clear to the audience that something has gone wrong

What should you aim to do when speaking in the performance?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

Deliver all lines clearly

Show emotion in the way you say your lines

Cover your mouth with your hands

Make a significant contribution

Always face the other character you are talking to

Match the dramatic technique with the correct description. Hover your mouse over the descriptions to see them in full.

 

Column A

Column B

Thought track
When two scenes are happening on different parts o...
Freeze frame
When a character comes out of a frozen position an...
Cross cutting
When you freeze the action for a number of seconds

What is the technical term for when an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the action?

 

Write your answer in the box below.

What could you use to enhance a section of a play performed in slow motion?

 

Write your answer in the box below.

Why is it crucial that you work as a cooperative team during group work?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

So you make the most of your rehearsal time

So you give yourselves the best chance at achieving your potential grade

So you can have a good chat

So more time is spent on polishing your performance

So time is not wasted on silly disagreements

  • Question 1

Identify the correct skills required for a successful role-play from the list below.

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

CORRECT ANSWER
Working cooperatively
Staying in role
Movement, gesture and facial expressions
EDDIE SAYS
Although costumes or props could help you to get into character, wearing a mask is not an essential aspect of effective role-play. Refusing to speak at all could affect your mark as your teacher has to evaluate how well you have used your voice to show the type of character you are playing.
  • Question 2

Choose the correct option to fill the gap in the sentence below.

 

Creating  ____________ ______________ is crucial. You could create a profile to help you to empathise with their background situation, thoughts and feelings.

CORRECT ANSWER
a convincing character
EDDIE SAYS
Before beginning your role-play, it is very valuable to spend some time planning and thinking about the type of character you are playing in order to give a realistic representation.
  • Question 3

Select the appropriate body movements and gestures that could be used to show an excited character:

 

Choose as many answers as you think are appropriate.

CORRECT ANSWER
Wide eyes
Smiling
Unable to keep still
EDDIE SAYS
To help you to show a convincing character you must use appropriate body movements, hand gestures and facial expressions that fit with their personality or mood.
  • Question 4

What decisions do you need to make with your group regarding space?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

CORRECT ANSWER
Where you will all 'enter' and 'exit'
What scenery or props you will use
Where everyone is going to stand
Clarifying where the audience is going to be
Working out ways to avoid having your back to the audience
EDDIE SAYS
All of these points should be discussed in order to represent a clear setting to your audience.
  • Question 5

What is the most important thing you should do if something goes wrong in your performance?

CORRECT ANSWER
stay in role
EDDIE SAYS
You will not lose marks if you stray from the rehearsed scene but you could lose marks if you laugh, come out of role or signal to the audience that things have gone wrong.
  • Question 6

What should you aim to do when speaking in the performance?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

CORRECT ANSWER
Deliver all lines clearly
Show emotion in the way you say your lines
Make a significant contribution
EDDIE SAYS
You should avoid covering your mouth, even if you think it shows emotion, as it will muffle your words. It is also incorrect to always face the character you are speaking to as they may be behind you and then your back will be facing the audience. Position yourself at a 45 degree angle instead and turn your head slightly towards them.
  • Question 7

Match the dramatic technique with the correct description. Hover your mouse over the descriptions to see them in full.

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Thought track
When a character comes out of a f...
Freeze frame
When you freeze the action for a ...
Cross cutting
When two scenes are happening on ...
EDDIE SAYS
If these techniques are rehearsed and planned well they could improve your overall performance as they show technical skill.
  • Question 8

What is the technical term for when an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the action?

 

Write your answer in the box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
flashback
a flashback
EDDIE SAYS
It can be effective in some circumstances to perform a play in non-chronological order so the audience get to piece together the story themselves.
  • Question 9

What could you use to enhance a section of a play performed in slow motion?

 

Write your answer in the box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
music
EDDIE SAYS
The use of fitting and appropriate music can make a section performed in slow motion more dramatic.
  • Question 10

Why is it crucial that you work as a cooperative team during group work?

 

Choose as many answers as you think are correct.

CORRECT ANSWER
So you make the most of your rehearsal time
So you give yourselves the best chance at achieving your potential grade
So more time is spent on polishing your performance
So time is not wasted on silly disagreements
EDDIE SAYS
The ability to compromise and put the needs of the group first is paramount. You must focus on making decisions quickly and effectively so the bulk of your time is spent rehearsing and improving.
---- OR ----

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