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Use Knowledge of Etymology to Help Spell Words 3

In this worksheet, students use their knowledge of etymology to help them spell a range of more complicated words.

'Use Knowledge of Etymology to Help Spell Words 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Transcription

Curriculum subtopic:   Spelling Awareness (use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The etymology of a word is the history of its meaning and where it came from. Knowing the origin of a word can help to understand it and spell it.

 

 

The following table contains a number of words that the English language has taken from Greek.

 

Greek word Meaning
acro high
anthrop human
auto self
bio life
cardi heart
geo earth
graph draw or write
logy (or ology) study
mono one
neuro nerve
phobia fear
photo light
poly many
psych mind

 

 

If we know these Greek words we can understand and spell many of the words we use today.

 

For example, the word autobiography uses three of the Greek words in the table. We can break it down into auto + bio + graphy (self + life + write). If you write an autobiography you are writing the story of your own life.

 

In this worksheet you can practise spelling words containing the Greek words in the table. Try to remember the words, but don't forget that you can look back at the introduction if you get stuck.

Many words in English end in -logy or -ology, the Greek word for studying.

 

If geology is the study of the earth, what is the word for the study of life? Write it in the answer box.

 

Don't forget to look back at the introduction page if you can't remember the Greek words.

Many words ending in -logy or -ology are used in medicine.

 

What is the word for the study of people's hearts?

Many words ending in -logy or -ology are used in medicine.

 

What is the word for the study of nerves?

What is the word for the study of people's minds?

What is the word for the study of human beings?

The Greek suffix -phobia means a fear of something. If you suffer from claustrophobia you don't like being in small spaces (claus meant closed in Greek).

 

What is the word for a fear of heights?

 

Don't forget to look back at the introduction if you can't remember the Greek words.

What is the word for the fear of light?

When famous people sign their names the word we use comes from two Greek words meaning self write.

 

What is the word?

You will have come across pentagons, hexagons, octagons and other 2D shapes in maths. The suffix -gon means corner, or angle in Greek.

 

What is the word for a shape with many corners?

The Greek word glot meant tongue. A monoglot is a person who can only speak one language.

 

What is the word for a person who can speak a lot of languages?

  • Question 1

Many words in English end in -logy or -ology, the Greek word for studying.

 

If geology is the study of the earth, what is the word for the study of life? Write it in the answer box.

 

Don't forget to look back at the introduction page if you can't remember the Greek words.

CORRECT ANSWER
biology
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix bio- comes from the Greek word meaning life.
  • Question 2

Many words ending in -logy or -ology are used in medicine.

 

What is the word for the study of people's hearts?

CORRECT ANSWER
cardiology
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix cardi- comes from the Greek word for the heart. A cardiograph is a graph of someone's heart rate.
  • Question 3

Many words ending in -logy or -ology are used in medicine.

 

What is the word for the study of nerves?

CORRECT ANSWER
neurology
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix neuro- comes from the Greek word for nerves. A neurosurgeon treats people who have diseases of their nerves.
  • Question 4

What is the word for the study of people's minds?

CORRECT ANSWER
psychology
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix psych- (the p is silent) comes from the Greek word for the mind. A psychiatrist treats people who have mental illnesses.
  • Question 5

What is the word for the study of human beings?

CORRECT ANSWER
anthropology
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix anthrop- comes from the Greek word for human beings.
  • Question 6

The Greek suffix -phobia means a fear of something. If you suffer from claustrophobia you don't like being in small spaces (claus meant closed in Greek).

 

What is the word for a fear of heights?

 

Don't forget to look back at the introduction if you can't remember the Greek words.

CORRECT ANSWER
acrophobia
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix acro- comes from the Greek word for high. You may have heard of the Acropolis in Athens. The name means 'high city' in Greek.
  • Question 7

What is the word for the fear of light?

CORRECT ANSWER
photophobia
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix photo- comes from the Greek word for light. Someone who is photophobic may be extremely sensitive to light rather than actually afraid of it.
  • Question 8

When famous people sign their names the word we use comes from two Greek words meaning self write.

 

What is the word?

CORRECT ANSWER
autograph
EDDIE SAYS
Auto comes from the Greek word for self, while graph means to write or draw.
  • Question 9

You will have come across pentagons, hexagons, octagons and other 2D shapes in maths. The suffix -gon means corner, or angle in Greek.

 

What is the word for a shape with many corners?

CORRECT ANSWER
polygon
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix poly- comes from the Greek word for many.
  • Question 10

The Greek word glot meant tongue. A monoglot is a person who can only speak one language.

 

What is the word for a person who can speak a lot of languages?

CORRECT ANSWER
polyglot
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix poly- comes from the Greek word for many. The word literally means 'many tongues'.
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