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Revise Your Terminology: Sentence Structure

In this worksheet, students revise the terminology that is used to describe the different parts of sentences.

'Revise Your Terminology: Sentence Structure' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:  Grammar and Vocabulary

Curriculum subtopic:  Extend and Apply Grammatical Knowledge

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Since primary school you will have come across words such as clause, phrase, adverb and conjunction, but it can be hard to remember what all these words mean.

 

 

Understanding how sentences are built up can help you to write better sentences yourself, and in this worksheet you can revise the meaning of different words relating to sentence structure.

 

If you struggle with any of the questions you can go back and do a worksheet that deals with that particular topic.

Sentences contain many different types of word. Match up the words below with their definitions.

 

If you can't read the whole definition, hover your mouse over the box.

Column A

Column B

noun
a word that describes the way an action is carried...
verb
a doing or action word
adjective
the name of a person or object
adverb
a word that describes a noun

What do we call a word that is used to join two parts of a sentence, such as because in the sentence below?

 

I stayed at home because I was feeling ill.

paragraph

conjunction

preposition

complex

Choose the correct word to complete the sentence below.

 

A question is also known as an __________ sentence.

imperative

interrogative

exclamatory

A sentence is not just a group of words. To be a proper sentence it must contain one of the types of word below. Which one?

adjective

adverb

preposition

verb

conjunction

pronoun

People often get confused between phrases and clauses. Both are groups of words but which one is a group of words containing a subject and a verb?

phrase

clause

The following complex sentence contains a main clause and a subordinate clause. Which clause is underlined?

 

Although he was tired, Peter stayed up to watch the film.

main clause

subordinate clause

Which clause is underlined this time?

 

William, who was the oldest, reached up and knocked on the door.

main clause

subordinate clause

Decide whether the sentence below is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Andrew played cricket and Josh played rugby.

simple

compound

complex

What type of sentence is this?

 

The enormous scaly crocodile on the muddy river bank closed its huge jaws with a snap.

simple

compound

complex

Which of the following sentences is correctly punctuated?

 

1) James likes rock music, Jessie prefers pop.

2) James likes rock music; Jessie prefers pop.

sentence 1

sentence 2

both are correct

  • Question 1

Sentences contain many different types of word. Match up the words below with their definitions.

 

If you can't read the whole definition, hover your mouse over the box.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

noun
the name of a person or object
verb
a doing or action word
adjective
a word that describes a noun
adverb
a word that describes the way an ...
EDDIE SAYS
People often muddle up adjectives and adverbs, but it can be helpful to remember that the word 'adverb' has the word 'verb' in it, so it describes actions not nouns.
  • Question 2

What do we call a word that is used to join two parts of a sentence, such as because in the sentence below?

 

I stayed at home because I was feeling ill.

CORRECT ANSWER
conjunction
EDDIE SAYS
A conjunction is a type of connective.
  • Question 3

Choose the correct word to complete the sentence below.

 

A question is also known as an __________ sentence.

CORRECT ANSWER
interrogative
EDDIE SAYS
Imperative sentences are also known as commands.
  • Question 4

A sentence is not just a group of words. To be a proper sentence it must contain one of the types of word below. Which one?

CORRECT ANSWER
verb
EDDIE SAYS
Most sentences contain several types of words, but a verb is the essential one.
  • Question 5

People often get confused between phrases and clauses. Both are groups of words but which one is a group of words containing a subject and a verb?

CORRECT ANSWER
clause
EDDIE SAYS
A clause can be a whole sentence or part of a sentence but it must contain a subject and a verb. A phrase can be made up of nouns or verbs but not both.
  • Question 6

The following complex sentence contains a main clause and a subordinate clause. Which clause is underlined?

 

Although he was tired, Peter stayed up to watch the film.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinate clause
EDDIE SAYS
The subordinate clause begins with the conjunction and does not make sense on its own.
  • Question 7

Which clause is underlined this time?

 

William, who was the oldest, reached up and knocked on the door.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinate clause
EDDIE SAYS
This clause does not make sense on its own so it is the subordinate clause.
  • Question 8

Decide whether the sentence below is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Andrew played cricket and Josh played rugby.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
EDDIE SAYS
The sentence has two clauses but they are both main clauses and are equally important, so it is a compound sentence.
  • Question 9

What type of sentence is this?

 

The enormous scaly crocodile on the muddy river bank closed its huge jaws with a snap.

CORRECT ANSWER
simple
EDDIE SAYS
Although the sentence is quite long it only contains one verb (closed) and so it is a simple sentence.
  • Question 10

Which of the following sentences is correctly punctuated?

 

1) James likes rock music, Jessie prefers pop.

2) James likes rock music; Jessie prefers pop.

CORRECT ANSWER
sentence 2
EDDIE SAYS
Two clauses should not be joined in this way with a comma. A semi-colon can be used as shown, or they can be written as separate sentences. Alternatively, a conjunction such as 'whereas' could be used to join the two clauses.
---- OR ----

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