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Reading Non-Fiction: Australia

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Read these two texts and answer the following questions. You can look at the text at any point by pressing the 'Help' button.

 

Text one:

Giant Croc eats man's arm

 

 

The whopping 5 metre long killer reptile was yesterday finally caught after a two week long hunt. It had originally been in hiding after severing a man's arm as it tried to kill and eat him, near to his home in Australia's Northern Territories. “It's a real shame it had to come to this,” said Mike, 45, "but it is clearly a dangerous animal and if it did this to me, imagine what it could do to a small child." The area is notorious for venomous snakes, huge spiders and, of course, hungry crocs, but most of the locals take the threat of such neighbours in their stride: “I'm not really worried,” Mike's wife Sue added. “We've lived here for generations and Mike is the first person I know to get hurt. He probably shouldn't have gone fishing in the swamp."

 

 

Text two:

Northern Australia: beauty at its best

 

 

This two-week luxury tour of Australia's Northern Territories includes famous sites such as Alice Springs, Uluru (Ayers Rock) and the tropical swamplands to the north. You will be travelling by Jeep with your personal tour guide, a friendly and knowledgeable native Australian, and staying in the best five-star accommodation on offer. We know you have a spirit of adventure; so don't think that we're going to keep you in your luxury hotel, though! You will have every opportunity to fully explore the terrain of our beautiful country, before retiring to comfort in the evenings.

Look again at the images used in the texts. Although both images include animals, they are used to opposite effect.

 

Select the appropriate word to fill the gap.

 

Text one depicts a ferocious crocodile with its jaws open to __________ the reader.

frighten

entice

disgust

In contrast, text two shows a kangaroo in front of a beautiful sunset.

 

Why has the tour company chosen a picture of a kangaroo? Choose 3 reasons.

It is big.

It is harmless to humans.

It is unique to Australia.

It is popular with tourists.

It is jumping.

Both texts contain examples of colloquial or informal language. Which colloquial word is used in the first sentence of text one? 

The writer of text two also uses colloquial language by shortening phrases with apostrophes. For example, 'we are' becomes 'we're'.

What is the technical term for this technique?

alliteration

contraction

assimilation

Text one includes quotes from the victim, Mike, and his wife, Sue. Mike's quotation adds legitimacy to the article: we are more likely to believe it.

 

What does Sue's comment offer?

humour

statistics

emotive language

Text two uses personal pronouns to make a connection to the reader and emphasise the 'friendly' nature of the company.

 

Which pronouns do they use? Choose two.

I

we

you

me

Which text have these adjectives been taken from?

 Text OneText Two
venomous
friendly
hungry
native
knowledgeable
dangerous

Read this student's work:

 

Although much of text one is negative, the attitude of Mike and Sue puts the danger into perspective: ______________________ suggests that the journalist might be exaggerating the threat.

 

Which of the following is the best quotation to support this point?

"Imagine what it could do to a small child"

"We've lived here for generations"

"I'm not really worried"

  • Question 1

Look again at the images used in the texts. Although both images include animals, they are used to opposite effect.

 

Select the appropriate word to fill the gap.

 

Text one depicts a ferocious crocodile with its jaws open to __________ the reader.

CORRECT ANSWER
frighten
  • Question 2

In contrast, text two shows a kangaroo in front of a beautiful sunset.

 

Why has the tour company chosen a picture of a kangaroo? Choose 3 reasons.

CORRECT ANSWER
It is harmless to humans.
It is unique to Australia.
It is popular with tourists.
  • Question 3

Both texts contain examples of colloquial or informal language. Which colloquial word is used in the first sentence of text one? 

CORRECT ANSWER
whopping
EDDIE SAYS
'Whopping' is a colloquial term meaning huge or immense.
  • Question 4

The writer of text two also uses colloquial language by shortening phrases with apostrophes. For example, 'we are' becomes 'we're'.

What is the technical term for this technique?

CORRECT ANSWER
contraction
EDDIE SAYS
Alliteration refers to the same sound being used at the beginning of each word in a phrase or sentence. Assimilation is the process where one sound becomes similar to a nearby sound (for example, 'handbag' is often pronounced 'hambag').
  • Question 5

Text one includes quotes from the victim, Mike, and his wife, Sue. Mike's quotation adds legitimacy to the article: we are more likely to believe it.

 

What does Sue's comment offer?

CORRECT ANSWER
humour
EDDIE SAYS
Sue's comment ("He probably shouldn't have gone fishing in the swamp") adds humour to the article, as she is commenting on the incident in a lighthearted manner.
  • Question 6

Text two uses personal pronouns to make a connection to the reader and emphasise the 'friendly' nature of the company.

 

Which pronouns do they use? Choose two.

CORRECT ANSWER
we
you
  • Question 7

Which text have these adjectives been taken from?

CORRECT ANSWER
 Text OneText Two
venomous
friendly
hungry
native
knowledgeable
dangerous
  • Question 8

Read this student's work:

 

Although much of text one is negative, the attitude of Mike and Sue puts the danger into perspective: ______________________ suggests that the journalist might be exaggerating the threat.

 

Which of the following is the best quotation to support this point?

CORRECT ANSWER
"I'm not really worried"
EDDIE SAYS
"I'm not really worried" emphasises that the couple are not very upset or scared after the incident, suggesting that the journalist who wrote the text has exaggerated the situation for dramatic effect.
---- OR ----

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