# Subtracting Two Large Numbers

In this worksheet, students will learn and practise how to subtract two large numbers using the formal column method.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Addition and Subtraction

Curriculum subtopic:   Add/Subtract Four-Digit (or more) Numbers

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

In this activity, you will learn how to subtract large numbers.

e.g. 62,474 - 58,321 = 4,153

Set the numbers out in columns and subtract vertically.

Always begin with the ones in each question.

In this question, 10,000 has to be 'borrowed' or 'regrouped' from 60,000 as we cannot take 8,000 away from 2,000.

When we carry across 10,000 to 2,000 we then create 12,000.

12,000 - 8,000 = 4,000

You will now solve a series of questions that require column subtraction.

Want to understand this further and learn how this links to other topics in maths?

Why not watch this video?

Subtract the numbers,

46,321 - 28,762 = ?

17,595

17,549

17,569

17,559

Subtract the numbers

86,413 - 79,872 = ?

6,514

6,544

6,540

6,541

Can you solve this subtraction calculation?

92,611 - 69,874 = ?

Can you solve this subtraction calculation?

77,012 - 75,632 = ?

Can you solve this subtraction question?

Notice how we are now dealing with numbers in the 100,000's.

110,632 - 81,434 = ?

Can you solve this subtraction question?

Be careful, again we are using a number in the 100,000's.

224,632 - 223,741 = ?

Can you solve this subtraction question using large numbers?

162,819 - 160,929 = ?

Can you solve this subtraction question using large numbers?

214,673 - 212,816 = ?

A car costs £26,178 before Christmas.

After Christmas, it is reduced by £5,298.

What is the new price of the car?

A family has a total budget of £2,550 for their holiday.

They spend £1,198 on flights and £852 on accommodation.

How much will they have left for spending money?

• Question 1

Subtract the numbers,

46,321 - 28,762 = ?

17,559
EDDIE SAYS
How did you solve this one? I find the column method easiest when approaching a question like this. 46,321 - 28,762 = 17,559 Be careful with this question, you had to 'borrow' from the next number in order to complete the sum.
• Question 2

Subtract the numbers

86,413 - 79,872 = ?

6,541
EDDIE SAYS
How did you find this subtraction question? 86,413 - 79,872 = 6,541 Be careful with this question, you had to 'borrow' from the next number to complete the sum.
• Question 3

Can you solve this subtraction calculation?

92,611 - 69,874 = ?

22,737
22 737
22737
EDDIE SAYS
92,611 - 69,874 = 22,737 Is this starting to make sense?
• Question 4

Can you solve this subtraction calculation?

77,012 - 75,632 = ?

1380
1,380
EDDIE SAYS
77,012 - 75,632 = 1,380
• Question 5

Can you solve this subtraction question?

Notice how we are now dealing with numbers in the 100,000's.

110,632 - 81,434 = ?

EDDIE SAYS
110632 - 81434 = 29198. Again, we had to be careful when 'borrowing' especially as we are using an even greater number!
• Question 6

Can you solve this subtraction question?

Be careful, again we are using a number in the 100,000's.

224,632 - 223,741 = ?

EDDIE SAYS
224,632 - 223,741 = 891 How did you find this one? You’re making great progress!
• Question 7

Can you solve this subtraction question using large numbers?

162,819 - 160,929 = ?

1890
1,890
1 890
EDDIE SAYS
162,819 - 160,929 = 1890 Bet you're starting to get the hang of this tricky subtraction now and 'borrowing' from the neighbouring number!
• Question 8

Can you solve this subtraction question using large numbers?

214,673 - 212,816 = ?

1857
1,857
1 857
EDDIE SAYS
214,673 - 212,816 = 1,857 The method remains exactly the same...
• Question 9

A car costs £26,178 before Christmas.

After Christmas, it is reduced by £5,298.

What is the new price of the car?

EDDIE SAYS
To solve this subtraction worded problem, you had to subtract £5,298 from the original price. £26,178 - £5,298 = £20,880
• Question 10

A family has a total budget of £2,550 for their holiday.

They spend £1,198 on flights and £852 on accommodation.

How much will they have left for spending money?

EDDIE SAYS
This is a two step problem. First, you need to add the total spent £1,198 + £852 = £2,050 Then subtract this amount from the total budget, £2,550 - £2,050 = £500 Therefore, there is £500 left for spending money! You have completed this activity, great focus.
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