The 24-hour clock is one of the ways we can tell the time, so let's look at how we can write the time using the 24-hour clock correctly.
There are 24 hours in a day and this system simply uses the number of the hour in the day to tell the time.
After 12:00 pm on the 24-hour clock, we continue counting upwards from 13 (1 pm) until we reach 24 (12 midnight).
For example - 11 am is the 11th hour of the day, or 3 pm is the 15th hour (we count up from 12 pm to 1 pm (13th hour) 2 pm (14th hour) to 3 pm (15th hour).
The first thing we must remember is the 24 hour clock time always uses 4 numbers separating the hours from the minutes with a : sign.
If you look at the 24-hour example below, we see that each of these uses 4 numbers. If the time is early in the morning, as in the example, we must include a 0 before the number 7, so we meet the 4 number rule!
7.35 a.m. is 07:35
7.35 p.m. is 19:35
You may notice that when we write the time using the 24-hour clock, we don't write am or pm. This is because we know that anything between 00:00 and 11:59 (the first 12 hours) refers to a the morning, and 12:00 - 23:59 is the afternoon/evening.
Once we know these basic rules for writing the time using the 24-hour clock, we can start to do more advanced things, like adding and subtracting time... let's give this a go!
What 24-hour clock time is 46 minutes after 7.35 p.m.?
We start on the hour at 7.00 p.m. and then add 46 minutes and 35 minutes from the question.
35 + 46 = 81 minutes.
81 minutes is 1 hour (60 minutes) and 21 minutes.
1 hour and 21 minutes after 7.00 p.m. is 8.21 p.m.
8.21 p.m. is 20:21 in 24 hour clock time.