Data organised in a frequency table can be used to work out the mean, median and mode.

The number of items in the group can be found by adding up the frequencies.

Remember that 'frequency' is just 'how many times' something occurs.

When data is grouped, the exact value is not known.

**Example**

This table shows the masses of children in a Year 8 class at school.

Find the mean, median and mode.

Mass (m kg) | Frequency |
---|---|

40 ≤ m < 45 | 2 |

45 ≤ m < 50 | 5 |

50 ≤ m < 55 | 9 |

55 ≤ m < 60 | 3 |

60 ≤ m < 65 | 1 |

This means that:

2 children have a mass greater than or equal to 40 kg but less than 45 kg.

5 children have a mass greater than or equal to 45 kg but less than 50 kg ..... etc.

**Mean**

We have to estimate the mean by using the midpoint value in each class.

These are 42.5, 47.5, 52.5, 57.5 and 62.5 kg

The total mass of all the children is (2 x 42.5) + (5 x 47.5) + (9 x 52.5) + (3 x 57.5) + (1 x 62.5) = 1,030 kg

There are 2 + 5 + 9 + 3 + 1 = 20 children in the class.

Mean mass = 1,030 ÷ 20 = **51.5 kg**

**Median**

There are 20 children, so the 'middle person' will be the 10th and 11th.

The 10th and 11th person falls into the 50 ≤ m < 55 class.

The median class is **50 ≤ m < 55 kg**

**Mode**

This is the class with the highest frequency.

The modal class is **50 ≤ m < 55 kg**

Let's have a go at some questions now.

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