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Radius of Spheres

In this worksheet, children must work out the radius of spheres given their volumes.

'Radius of Spheres' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Geometry and Measures

Curriculum subtopic:   Use 3D Shape Knowledge to Solve Problems

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

The formula for the volume of a sphere, V, in terms of its radius, r, is:

V = 4/3 πr3

 

We can rearrange this formula to make r the subject.

 

If we multiply both sides by 3, we reach: 

3V = 4πr3

 

Then we can divide both sides by 4π to reach: 

r3 = 3V / 4π

 

So, the formula for the radius of a sphere, r, in terms of its volume, V, is:

 

e.g. Calculate the radius, r cm, of a sphere which has a volume of 100 cm3. Give your answer to 3 significant figures.

 

V = 4/3 πr3

100 = 4/3 πr3

Multiply both sides by 3: 300 = 4πr3

Divide both sides by 4π: 300 / 4π = r3

Find the cube root of this total: r = 3√ 300 / 4π

r = 3√23.873... = 2.8794... ≈ 2.88 cm (to 3 s.f.)

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