You may remember the rules of** directed numbers **(which is just a fancy way of saying positive and negative numbers), but find them trickier to apply.

This is very common and many students feel this way.

Why?

Because the rules differ for addition and subtraction, compared with multiplication and division.

**The Rules:**

Two positive symbols make a **positive** overall.

A positive and a negative symbol make a **negative **overall.

A negative and a positive symbol make a **negative** overall.

Two negative symbols make a** positive **overall.

**The Exception > subtracting negative numbers:**

The complication comes when adding negative numbers.

They only affect each other if the signs are positioned next to each other.

So in the sum 3 - - 5, the signs **would** impact each other because they're together.

However, in the sum -3 - 6, the signs **would not** impact each other as they are not together.

Let's put these rules into context with some examples now.

**e.g. Work out the value of: 6 - + 2**

In this question we have a + and a - together, so they **will **affect each other.

They will become a **negative** overall.

So we can rewrite the sum as: **6 - 2**

If we picture a mental number line, to take 2 from 6, we move 2 spaces to the** left **on the number line to arrive at:** 4**

**e.g. Work out the value of: - 3 - - 5**

In this question we have a - and a - together, so they **will** affect each other and become a positive overall.

However, the - at the start of the sum is on its own so does** not** need to be changed at all.

This means we can rewrite the sum as: **- 3 + 5**

Start at -3 on your mental number line and move 5 spaces to the** right **(as this is an addition sum) to reach: **2**

In this activity, you will apply the rules related to positive and negative numbers to work out answers to subtraction sums.