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Rock Characteristics

Looking at the different characteristics of rock.

'Rock Characteristics' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Rocks

Curriculum subtopic:  Different Types of Rocks

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The Earth is a rocky planet. All of its surface is covered by rock. You may not always be able to see the rock; it might be hidden beneath a layer of soil or beneath the water of an ocean, but dig down far enough and it is there.

We can particularly see evidence of the rocky Earth where great mountains push up into the sky.

There are many types of rock. They are not all the same. Use this worksheet to test what you know about rocks.

What is it that forms the surface of the Earth?

water

metal

rock

plants

Limestone is a type of rock that is often used for building. It is made up of lots of different types of rock. It is quite soluble in water - which means it erodes over time by rain and water contact.

 

Which characteristic makes it a good building material?

it wears away easily

it is easy to carve

it is very heavy

it can be painted easily

What word is used to describe a type of rock that doesn't let water pass through it?

magnetic

hard

impermeable

plastic

Here is a picture of granite:

 

 

Which of these descriptions is NOT true of granite?

it sparkles

it is soft to the touch

it is often used for building

it is very hard wearing

Rock A can be scratched by a steel knife. Rock B can scratch the knife. Which rock is harder?

Rock A

Rock B

What is special about pumice?

 

it is very rare

it is used to make computers

it is very heavy

it floats

  • Question 1

What is it that forms the surface of the Earth?

CORRECT ANSWER
rock
EDDIE SAYS
The Earth's surface is formed from different types of rock.
  • Question 2

Limestone is a type of rock that is often used for building. It is made up of lots of different types of rock. It is quite soluble in water - which means it erodes over time by rain and water contact.

 

Which characteristic makes it a good building material?

CORRECT ANSWER
it is easy to carve
EDDIE SAYS
Limestone is a very common rock that is easy to work with.
  • Question 3

What word is used to describe a type of rock that doesn't let water pass through it?

CORRECT ANSWER
impermeable
  • Question 4

Here is a picture of granite:

 

 

Which of these descriptions is NOT true of granite?

CORRECT ANSWER
it is soft to the touch
  • Question 5

Rock A can be scratched by a steel knife. Rock B can scratch the knife. Which rock is harder?

CORRECT ANSWER
Rock B
EDDIE SAYS
Something can only be scratched by something else that is harder than it. Rock B would scratch Rock A.
  • Question 6

What is special about pumice?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
it floats
EDDIE SAYS
Pumice is a type of volcanic rock that is very light because gas bubbles get trapped in it.
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