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Electrical Appliances 1

In this worksheet, students will answer questions about electrical appliances we use every day.

'Electrical Appliances 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Electricity

Curriculum subtopic:  Common Electrical Appliances

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Electricity is a form of ENERGY - it CHANGES THINGS. We use electricity every day and expect it to be there at the flick of a switch!

 

Using electricity, we can do jobs in minutes which would otherwise take hours and lots of effort - think of things like washing machines, computers, vacuum cleaners - amazing!

 

The electricity we use in our homes and at school comes from two sources, the mains (plug in) and batteries:

 

Mains plug in socket Battery

 

Electrical energy flows through wires and cables to reach our towns, homes, televisions and other appliances.

 

Let's explore how they use electricity.

Complete the following sentence:

 

The 'source' of electricity means............

where the energy comes from

a remote control

a light bulb

where the energy goes to

Choose TWO of the options below which are sources of electricity.

switches

mains sockets

remote controls

batteries

Below are five appliances that run on electricity.

 

Tick the THREE appliances that need mains electricity to work. 

cooker

mobile phone

TV

torch

freezer

Below are another five electrical appliances.

 

This time choose the THREE that work using batteries.

calculator

watch

microwave

washing machine

remote-control car

Have a look at the following sentence:

 

Electricity travels from its source to an appliance through.......

 

Choose the option below which you think best completes it.

pylons

the air

wires

Here's another sentence to complete:

 

Joined together, a power sourcewires and an appliance or device make a...........

 

Read it again and then choose the best option below.

circle

circuit

complete

Choose the appliance from this list which produces light (and not just a power light!).

washing machine

TV

vacuum cleaner

Now choose the appliance from this list which produces sound.

freezer

table lamp

mp3 player

Now choose which ONE of these objects uses electricity to produce heat.

toaster

watch

calculator

Choose which one of these devices turns electricity into movement

light bulb

laptop

washing machine

  • Question 1

Complete the following sentence:

 

The 'source' of electricity means............

CORRECT ANSWER
where the energy comes from
EDDIE SAYS
In our homes, we use mains electricity and batteries (they are the sources of energy) to provide the power to do lots of jobs. Our lives would be totally different without them - just try watching the TV during a power cut!
  • Question 2

Choose TWO of the options below which are sources of electricity.

CORRECT ANSWER
mains sockets
batteries
EDDIE SAYS
Remember, the source is where the electricity is coming from to power your device. In your home that's going to be mains or batteries.,
  • Question 3

Below are five appliances that run on electricity.

 

Tick the THREE appliances that need mains electricity to work. 

CORRECT ANSWER
cooker
TV
freezer
EDDIE SAYS
Large appliances which use a lot of energy work on mains electricity. True, you need to plug a mobile in to charge it, but it runs on a battery inside. Same with a torch (or flashlight). Electric cookers need masses of electricity while freezers and TVs need more than could be supplied by batteries.
  • Question 4

Below are another five electrical appliances.

 

This time choose the THREE that work using batteries.

CORRECT ANSWER
calculator
watch
remote-control car
EDDIE SAYS
Smaller machines work using batteries because they don't use a lot of energy. So that means a little calculator, a wrist watch and a remote-controlled car will happily run off the power stored in their batteries. Indeed, many watches and calculators use solar energy now, anyway. Meanwhile, microwaves and washers need lots of electricity - that'll be the mains, then!
  • Question 5

Have a look at the following sentence:

 

Electricity travels from its source to an appliance through.......

 

Choose the option below which you think best completes it.

CORRECT ANSWER
wires
EDDIE SAYS
OK, so pylons are those big metal frames which support the thick metal WIRES which CARRY electricity. You see them "marching" in a line across the fields. The wires in your house carry electricity to the appliances you use. Wires also carry electrical energy from a battery, or batteries, to a device.
  • Question 6

Here's another sentence to complete:

 

Joined together, a power sourcewires and an appliance or device make a...........

 

Read it again and then choose the best option below.

CORRECT ANSWER
circuit
EDDIE SAYS
When we're talking about electricity we use particular words. So, rather than 'loop' or 'circle', we use the word CIRCUIT to describe the complete path the electricity takes.
  • Question 7

Choose the appliance from this list which produces light (and not just a power light!).

CORRECT ANSWER
TV
EDDIE SAYS
That's right - you turn the TV on in order to watch it, because light and sound come out of it. Sure, washing machines and vacuum cleaners may have power lights or instrument panels, but that's not why you turn them on - they have another job to do (rather than simply twinkle prettily!).
  • Question 8

Now choose the appliance from this list which produces sound.

CORRECT ANSWER
mp3 player
EDDIE SAYS
Once again, you turn on the mp3 player because you want to hear music or a podcast. The freezer may hum, as part of its operation, but that's not why you turned it on. Lamps don't hum at all!
  • Question 9

Now choose which ONE of these objects uses electricity to produce heat.

CORRECT ANSWER
toaster
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, the toaster has electric 'elements' inside it which heat up to make your toast, waffle, etc.. The watch and the calculator are not meant to heat up at all (unless something goes wrong with them!).
  • Question 10

Choose which one of these devices turns electricity into movement

CORRECT ANSWER
washing machine
EDDIE SAYS
Is that fairly obvious? The washing machine drum spins round and round pretty fast - think that's movement! Laptops might have a spinning hard drive, but you're not really aware of that and, anyway, many of them have a solid state drive these days with no moving parts!
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