The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Properties of Materials 1

In this worksheet, students will be offered the chance to test their ability to look at the properties of a material and to decide what use they would best be suited for.

'Properties of Materials 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Properties and Changes of Materials

Curriculum subtopic:  Comparing and Grouping Properties of Materials

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

When deciding what material to use for making something, you need to know what properties (features) you need for the new object and what materials would fit those needs best.

 

For example, imagine that you are designing a new case for a smart phone: it needs to be light, cheap, easy to make, able to be colourful and yet strong enough not to break if it's dropped - you have to choose between, say, glass, metal, plastic and wood. Wonder what you'd choose.....?

 

Which of these materials is a good conductor of electricity?

 

Copper wire Glass Plastic sheets
copper glass plastic
copper

glass

plastic

Which of these materials is transparent?

gold

glass

wood

Which of these materials is absorbent?

rubber

cotton

plastic

Which of these materials is NOT waterproof?

rubber

glass

newspaper

Aeroplane

 

Why do you think planes are NOT made from the metal called lead?

lead will rust easily

lead is very heavy

lead is too expensive

Which of these materials would be best for a saucepan handle to stop you burning your fingers?

metal

plastic

cloth

Which of these properties would NOT be needed by a material used to make a window?

transparent

hard

flexible

smooth

waterproof

Buckets can be made out of steel or plastic.

 

Bucket

 

Here is a list of features - pick ones that make PLASTIC a suitable material for making buckets out of (tick as many as you agree with):

waterproof

strong

goes rusty

melts easily

is colourful

light

cheap

heavy

breaks easily

soft

  • Question 1

Which of these materials is a good conductor of electricity?

 

Copper wire Glass Plastic sheets
copper glass plastic
CORRECT ANSWER
copper
EDDIE SAYS
All metals conduct electricity - copper is a metal so it's a conductor. In fact copper is the most common metal used in making electrical cables, because it's a very good conductor. Glass and plastic don't conduct electricity.
  • Question 2

Which of these materials is transparent?

CORRECT ANSWER
glass
EDDIE SAYS
Glass is transparent (you can see through it) so it's good for making windows, bottles and so on.
  • Question 3

Which of these materials is absorbent?

CORRECT ANSWER
cotton
EDDIE SAYS
Cotton is used for making lots of clothes and when they go in the wash or the rain they absorb (soak up) lots of water. Rubber and plastic are waterproof - they don't absorb any water.
  • Question 4

Which of these materials is NOT waterproof?

CORRECT ANSWER
newspaper
EDDIE SAYS
Drop water on to rubber (wellington boots) or glass (windows) and what happens? It runs off. They are waterproof. So the answer is newspaper - in the rain a newspaper ends up as a soggy mess as it absorbs water.
  • Question 5

Aeroplane

 

Why do you think planes are NOT made from the metal called lead?

CORRECT ANSWER
lead is very heavy
EDDIE SAYS
Lead is a very heavy metal - it gets used for helping to waterproof roofs. It's a very soft metal that can be bent easily into shape - also no good for planes. It is quite expensive, it doesn't rust, but the main problem is that the lead plane would never get off the ground!
  • Question 6

Which of these materials would be best for a saucepan handle to stop you burning your fingers?

CORRECT ANSWER
plastic
EDDIE SAYS
Plastic (the heat-resistant sort) is best as it won't get hot and burn your hand. Metal conducts heat well, so the handle will get hot. Cloth won't get hot but it is too soft and catches fire too easily.
  • Question 7

Which of these properties would NOT be needed by a material used to make a window?

CORRECT ANSWER
flexible
EDDIE SAYS
Windows need to be transparent (so you can see through them), hard (so they stay in place and cope with a football hitting them), smooth (so you can see things easily) and waterproof (to keep the rain out). They don't need to be flexible - who'd want a bendy window?!
  • Question 8

Buckets can be made out of steel or plastic.

 

Bucket

 

Here is a list of features - pick ones that make PLASTIC a suitable material for making buckets out of (tick as many as you agree with):

CORRECT ANSWER
waterproof
strong
is colourful
light
cheap
EDDIE SAYS
A plastic bucket needs to be strong enough to hold water, sand, etc. It is also light, waterproof and cheap. If it's colourful, that's a bonus. It doesn't want to melt if you put hot water in it, be soft so it changes its shape too easily and so on.
---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.