The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Drugs - Are They All Bad?

In this worksheet, students will be challenged to look more deeply at the issue of drugs and to what extent they may be helpful or harmful.

'Drugs - Are They All Bad?' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:   Healthy Bodies: Lifestyle

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

It's funny how some words can change their meaning over time. If you've looked at the activity called "Do diet and exercise matter?", you'll know that "diet" means something different these days. It's the same with "drugs" - so often you'll hear about someone being arrested for "using drugs".

drug bottle

So, are all drugs bad? As you go through this activity we'll try to answer that question and, hopefully, find out about beneficial drugs as well as harmful ones.

 

So - let's see what's good and what's bad.

Drinks like beer, wine, lager, cider and gin all contain a particular liquid drug that can have harmful effects upon the human body.

 

alcoholic drinks

 

What is this liquid drug called that's in all these drinks?

Water

Alcohol

Petrol

Nicotine

It's a sad fact that the liquid drug alcohol, can dramatically change a person's behaviour and may result in dependency- meaning they have to drink it regularly to function.

 

What word do we use when people have this compelling need for something? Write your answer in the box.

If someone finds they have to drink a lot of these sorts of drinks, apart from the problem of it taking over their lives, what other sorts of harm can this drug do to our bodies?

 

Tick as many in this list as you agree with.

Liver damage

Brain damage

Hair falls out

Bones crumble

Heart damage

Slow reactions

Another drug, called nicotine, is found in tobacco and people smoke this in cigarettes and pipes in order to get the drug into their bodies.

 

cigharette

 

Smoking harms the body because of all the chemicals in the tobacco smoke, rather than the nicotine itself.

 

Here is a list of possible harmful effects from smoking - tick all the ones you think it might cause.

Heart disease

Lung cancer

Sight problems

Blocked arteries

Breathing problems

Flaking skin

One drug abuse problem that especially affects children is often called "glue sniffing", although it includes a wide range of products including lighter fuel and paint remover. It causes brain damage and some young people have died from trying it.

 

Glue pot

 

The problem comes from the liquid in these products that evaporates and is inhaled.

 

Complete this sentence:

Heart disease

Lung cancer

Sight problems

Blocked arteries

Breathing problems

Flaking skin

One of the particular problems with any sort of drug abuse, as we've seen, is the dependency factor - people's lives can end up being controlled by the drug.

 

drug addiction

 

Bearing in mind that anything can be harmful if taken regularly in quantity, match up the drugs in the following list to show whether you consider them harmful or beneficial (good for us in the right quantity).

The truth is, when you're ill and you visit the doctor or pharmacist, you may be prescribed a drug to make you feel better. We need to learn to be able to tell beneficial, medicinal drugs from unregulated street drugs, bearing in mind that even good things can harm us if we have too much of them.

 

drug diagram

 

Pick one of the following products that you might be given to help with a headache.

Multivitamins

Paracetamol

Vaseline

Antacid

Many of our useful drugs come from natural sources. Here are some examples:

 

Codeine from poppies

Aspirin from willow

'Sudafed' from herbs

Quinine from tree bark

drug bottle

What do these sources of the different drugs have in common?

 

Complete this sentence:

Multivitamins

Paracetamol

Vaseline

Antacid

When penicillin (an antibiotic) was developed in the last century, it was thought of as a 'wonder drug' because it was found to be able to cure all sorts of bacterial diseases and infections that had often killed people in the past.

 

Today, scientists are worried that antibiotics, like penicillin, have been used too much, often for the wrong ailments.

 

Which one of the following problems should antibiotics, like penicillin, not be prescribed for?

Colds & flu

Infected sore throat

Severe acne (spots)

Pneumonia

Because antibiotics have been over-used in the past, there are now an increasing number of bacterial infections which they can no longer be used to treat, as the bacteria are no longer killed by the drug (like penicillin) as they become resistant, or 'used' antibiotics.

 

What word do we use when a harmful organism is no longer killed by a substance because it's become 'used' to it.

  • Question 1

Drinks like beer, wine, lager, cider and gin all contain a particular liquid drug that can have harmful effects upon the human body.

 

alcoholic drinks

 

What is this liquid drug called that's in all these drinks?

CORRECT ANSWER
Alcohol
EDDIE SAYS
Guess that one was fairly straightforward? We're talking about alcoholic drinks and, as we'll see, alcohol can be very harmful if we take in too much of it. Interestingly, a survey of the effects of different drugs showed that alcohol (which has been known and drunk for several thousand years) would be banned if it was discovered today!
  • Question 2

It's a sad fact that the liquid drug alcohol, can dramatically change a person's behaviour and may result in dependency- meaning they have to drink it regularly to function.

 

What word do we use when people have this compelling need for something? Write your answer in the box.

CORRECT ANSWER
Addiction
Addict
Addicts
Addicted
Alcohol abuse
EDDIE SAYS
We can be addicted to all sorts of things, even cleaning the house or our hands! The trouble is, addiction is a controlling force in our lives and it takes over pretty much everything: people who are addicted to alcohol will spend all their money on it, spend a lot of time 'drunk' and are unable to function with day to day life. It also causes massive harm to the body, as we'll go on to discuss.
  • Question 3

If someone finds they have to drink a lot of these sorts of drinks, apart from the problem of it taking over their lives, what other sorts of harm can this drug do to our bodies?

 

Tick as many in this list as you agree with.

CORRECT ANSWER
Liver damage
Brain damage
Heart damage
Slow reactions
EDDIE SAYS
So, apart from the addictive behaviour, alcohol abuse can cause serious damage to liver (where alcohol is processed), brain and heart. Furthermore, alcohol alters a person's behaviour in that it affects their reaction times - that's why "don't drink and drive" is so vitally important. Bones crumble as a result of a disease called osteoporosis and hair often falls out during cancer treatments.
  • Question 4

Another drug, called nicotine, is found in tobacco and people smoke this in cigarettes and pipes in order to get the drug into their bodies.

 

cigharette

 

Smoking harms the body because of all the chemicals in the tobacco smoke, rather than the nicotine itself.

 

Here is a list of possible harmful effects from smoking - tick all the ones you think it might cause.

CORRECT ANSWER
Heart disease
Lung cancer
Blocked arteries
Breathing problems
EDDIE SAYS
Smokers take tobacco smoke deep into their lungs which then get coated with substances which make breathing difficult. This can also lead to lung cancer and, as a result of deposits in the blood, to blocked arteries too. This can also lead to heart disease as the heart is starved of its blood supply. Smoking doesn't generally affect the sight directly and whilst it might discolour the skin, it doesn't cause it to flake off.
  • Question 5

One drug abuse problem that especially affects children is often called "glue sniffing", although it includes a wide range of products including lighter fuel and paint remover. It causes brain damage and some young people have died from trying it.

 

Glue pot

 

The problem comes from the liquid in these products that evaporates and is inhaled.

 

Complete this sentence:

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
This always seems such a totally pointless waste of life: some youngster, wanting to try something out that they've heard about, or perhaps under pressure from peers, sniffs a solvent-based product - and dies. The solvent is the liquid that evaporates that the glue, or whatever, is dissolved in. You'll remember that a solvent is a liquid that dissolves solids.
  • Question 6

One of the particular problems with any sort of drug abuse, as we've seen, is the dependency factor - people's lives can end up being controlled by the drug.

 

drug addiction

 

Bearing in mind that anything can be harmful if taken regularly in quantity, match up the drugs in the following list to show whether you consider them harmful or beneficial (good for us in the right quantity).

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Assuming you've heard of all of these different drugs, you may well know that paracetamol and aspirin are often taken to cure a headache and penicillin as an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. The other three are all street drugs that some people 'try' and to soon discover they cannot stop taking them.
  • Question 7

The truth is, when you're ill and you visit the doctor or pharmacist, you may be prescribed a drug to make you feel better. We need to learn to be able to tell beneficial, medicinal drugs from unregulated street drugs, bearing in mind that even good things can harm us if we have too much of them.

 

drug diagram

 

Pick one of the following products that you might be given to help with a headache.

CORRECT ANSWER
Paracetamol
EDDIE SAYS
Paracetamol is a common drug (you can buy it in the supermarket) that's used for pains like headaches. Multivitamins are good for general health (vitamins are an important part of your diet), an antacid is what you take if you've had too much to eat and get indigestion and vaseline is used for ailments like chapped lips.
  • Question 8

Many of our useful drugs come from natural sources. Here are some examples:

 

Codeine from poppies

Aspirin from willow

'Sudafed' from herbs

Quinine from tree bark

drug bottle

What do these sources of the different drugs have in common?

 

Complete this sentence:

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
It's an amazing truth that many of the most useful things we've found, like these drugs, come from natural sources, especially plants. It's also a sad fact that the human race is busy destroying a great chunk of this amazing resource as our rainforests are being cut down before we've really had a chance to explore the range of benefits they can offer us. By the way, codeine is a powerful painkiller and quinine is used in the treatment of malaria.
  • Question 9

When penicillin (an antibiotic) was developed in the last century, it was thought of as a 'wonder drug' because it was found to be able to cure all sorts of bacterial diseases and infections that had often killed people in the past.

 

Today, scientists are worried that antibiotics, like penicillin, have been used too much, often for the wrong ailments.

 

Which one of the following problems should antibiotics, like penicillin, not be prescribed for?

CORRECT ANSWER
Colds & flu
EDDIE SAYS
Colds and flu are caused by viruses - antibiotics are useless at curing these, but they still have been used to try, in the past. The others are all bacterial infections, even really bad acne can be cleared with antibiotics.
  • Question 10

Because antibiotics have been over-used in the past, there are now an increasing number of bacterial infections which they can no longer be used to treat, as the bacteria are no longer killed by the drug (like penicillin) as they become resistant, or 'used' antibiotics.

 

What word do we use when a harmful organism is no longer killed by a substance because it's become 'used' to it.

CORRECT ANSWER
Resistance
Resistant
Resistent
EDDIE SAYS
The over-use of pesticides meant that some insects, for example, became resistant to the chemical, and farmers found they had to put loads on their crops to try to kill the pests. It's a similar idea with antibiotics and bacteria - now that the bacteria are resistant to the drugs, people are once again dying of infections that antibiotics used to cure. By the way, if you spelt resistant with an 'e' at the end, we'll let you off, but don't do it again! Great focus, that’s another activity completed!
---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.