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Alternative Diets

In this worksheet, students will have the chance to extend their understanding of what diet is and how different people plan their daily diets. It also offers the chance to investigate the sort of diet needed for a polar expedition.

'Alternative Diets' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:   Healthy Bodies: Lifestyle

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Different food groups on plate

 

You know that food is really important to us: it gives us the energy we need to live our lives and it provides the building bricks that we use to put our bodies together - so, important stuff, food!

 

Around the world different peoples eat a massive range of different diets according to where they live, their culture, their tradition and so on. Then again, people may choose a specific diet - like not eating meat, or they may be allergic to something, meaning that they also have to have a special diet.

 

This worksheet gives you the chance to explore some of these alternative diets.

Many people choose not to eat meat at all.

 

Meat-free symbol

 

What name is given to this group of people?

Herbivores

Vegetables

Vegetarians

People who choose not to eat meat or fish still need the protein building-blocks those foods provide.

From this list of non-meat foods choose three that contain the protein they need to build and repair their bodies.

Cheese

Lettuce

Eggs

Nuts

Carrot

Apple

Some people choose to eat a diet that contains no animal products at all - so not only no meat or fish but no milk, cheese, eggs and so on. People who follow this diet are called VEGANS.

Like anyone else, they need the same energy-giving and protein-giving foods. While vegetables and fruit offer lots of starch and sugar, vitamins and minerals, it's more difficult to find enough protein.

See how many protein-giving foods you can find in this list, which will give a vegan the body-building nutrients they need.

Baked beans

Nuts

Tomatoes

Melon

Broccoli

Soya beans

Peanut butter

Strawberries

Our diet in the UK has a heavy emphasis on meat and dairy products, even though the Government is keen to encourage us to eat "5-a-day" portions of fruit and veg!

Around the world people's diet differs according to the sorts of food available to them.

 

Mediterrean town

 

People who live in countries like Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece eat what is often called a Mediterranean Diet.

Thinking about where they live pick the list of foods that you reckon is most likely to be closest to this sort of diet.

bamboo shoots, noodles, chicken, spices, rice

beef, rice, curry sauces, coriander, chicken

fish, rice, olive oil, fresh vegetables, chicken, fruit

Sometimes people are ALLERGIC to things: for example if you suffer from Hay Fever you are allergic to certain kinds of pollen that float on the breeze - they make you sneeze and your eyes itch.

Some people are allergic to GLUTEN which is a type of protein found in cereals like wheat and barley. That means that they cannot eat foods which are made with these cereals or they become ill. They need a Gluten-free diet.

 

Cereal plants

 

From the list below choose foods that you think should be AVOIDED by a person needing a gluten-free diet, i.e. choose foods they should not eat.

Bread

Chicken

Pasta

Cornflakes

Cheese

Pizza

Imagine that, as a Nutritional Expert, you have been asked to help plan the diet for a polar expedition. Remember that the expedition is going to a very cold place!

 

Polar expedition

 

The team members will be travelling over very difficult terrain (ice and snow) pulling sledges and they will need a lot more energy than they would normally need.

 

Which of the following would you think would be best for breakfast when trekking to the poles?

Cereal, milk, fruit juice, banana

Bacon and egg, toast and jam, cup of coffee

High energy fruit muesli with milk powder, chewy bar with fruit and nuts, hot chocolate drink

So you're planning polar expedition food!

Remember, it's very cold and the team members will be travelling over very difficult terrain (ice and snow) pulling sledges and they will need a lot more energy than they would normally need.

 

Which of the following would you think would be best for their evening meal when trekking to the poles?

Chilli con carne (minced beef, kidney beans, chilli sauce), rice, tinned rice pudding, fruit and nut chocolate bars

Roast chicken, potatoes, carrots, apple crumble and custard

Vegetable stew, fruit salad with cream

Finally, on the expedition the team are going to need regular high energy snacks.

What do you think would be best for them - tick all the ones you would include for the team?

Chocolate biscuits

Apples

Fruit and nut choc bars

Chewy nutty bars

Yoghurt

Microwaveable burgers

  • Question 1

Many people choose not to eat meat at all.

 

Meat-free symbol

 

What name is given to this group of people?

CORRECT ANSWER
Vegetarians
EDDIE SAYS
Many people choose not to eat meat, often because they don't like the idea of killing animals. Vegetarians choose to stick to a mainly vegetable and fruit diet but they are allowed dairy products.
  • Question 2

People who choose not to eat meat or fish still need the protein building-blocks those foods provide.

From this list of non-meat foods choose three that contain the protein they need to build and repair their bodies.

CORRECT ANSWER
Cheese
Eggs
Nuts
EDDIE SAYS
Dairy products (like milk, butter, cheese, eggs) are allowed by vegetarians and are often a good source of the protein they need. Nuts and things called pulses (that's lentils, peas, beans) also contain a good amount of protein to help build and repair bodies.
  • Question 3

Some people choose to eat a diet that contains no animal products at all - so not only no meat or fish but no milk, cheese, eggs and so on. People who follow this diet are called VEGANS.

Like anyone else, they need the same energy-giving and protein-giving foods. While vegetables and fruit offer lots of starch and sugar, vitamins and minerals, it's more difficult to find enough protein.

See how many protein-giving foods you can find in this list, which will give a vegan the body-building nutrients they need.

CORRECT ANSWER
Baked beans
Nuts
Soya beans
Peanut butter
EDDIE SAYS
Things known as pulses are great sources of protein for the vegan or vegetarian: any of the nuts, beans and peas are pulses and will be the sort of foods that a vegan chooses to get their protein from. There's also Quorn products (made from a sort of mushroom) and Tofu as well.
  • Question 4

Our diet in the UK has a heavy emphasis on meat and dairy products, even though the Government is keen to encourage us to eat "5-a-day" portions of fruit and veg!

Around the world people's diet differs according to the sorts of food available to them.

 

Mediterrean town

 

People who live in countries like Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece eat what is often called a Mediterranean Diet.

Thinking about where they live pick the list of foods that you reckon is most likely to be closest to this sort of diet.

CORRECT ANSWER
fish, rice, olive oil, fresh vegetables, chicken, fruit
EDDIE SAYS
Living close to the Mediterranean Sea there is a lot of fish in their diet. Olives grow well here, so many foods are cooked in olive oil. Fruit and vegetables are an important part of the Mediterranean diet.
  • Question 5

Sometimes people are ALLERGIC to things: for example if you suffer from Hay Fever you are allergic to certain kinds of pollen that float on the breeze - they make you sneeze and your eyes itch.

Some people are allergic to GLUTEN which is a type of protein found in cereals like wheat and barley. That means that they cannot eat foods which are made with these cereals or they become ill. They need a Gluten-free diet.

 

Cereal plants

 

From the list below choose foods that you think should be AVOIDED by a person needing a gluten-free diet, i.e. choose foods they should not eat.

CORRECT ANSWER
Bread
Pasta
Cornflakes
Pizza
EDDIE SAYS
Wheat, barley and other cereals are used to make bread, pizza, pasta, beer - oh, loads of things! If you are allergic to gluten you need to avoid these and your doctor/dietician/nutritionist will help to advise what is safe for you to eat. Thankfully there are now lots of gluten-free breads and pastas on the market.
  • Question 6

Imagine that, as a Nutritional Expert, you have been asked to help plan the diet for a polar expedition. Remember that the expedition is going to a very cold place!

 

Polar expedition

 

The team members will be travelling over very difficult terrain (ice and snow) pulling sledges and they will need a lot more energy than they would normally need.

 

Which of the following would you think would be best for breakfast when trekking to the poles?

CORRECT ANSWER
High energy fruit muesli with milk powder, chewy bar with fruit and nuts, hot chocolate drink
EDDIE SAYS
The trouble with traditional breakfasts is that things like milk, juice and fruit will be frozen, so no good. Also they don't really have enough energy for what the team members are going to have to do. The muesli, nuts and chocolate will have a lot more energy.
  • Question 7

So you're planning polar expedition food!

Remember, it's very cold and the team members will be travelling over very difficult terrain (ice and snow) pulling sledges and they will need a lot more energy than they would normally need.

 

Which of the following would you think would be best for their evening meal when trekking to the poles?

CORRECT ANSWER
Chilli con carne (minced beef, kidney beans, chilli sauce), rice, tinned rice pudding, fruit and nut chocolate bars
EDDIE SAYS
Again, remembering that many foods will freeze, things like fresh fruit and vegetables will not survive the low temperatures. Many expeditions will take dried foods in packs and melt ice to make the water to cook them with. The chilli/rice/chocolate meal will have a lot of energy in it as well as being able to be transported without it freezing.
  • Question 8

Finally, on the expedition the team are going to need regular high energy snacks.

What do you think would be best for them - tick all the ones you would include for the team?

CORRECT ANSWER
Chocolate biscuits
Fruit and nut choc bars
Chewy nutty bars
EDDIE SAYS
Apples and yoghurt would freeze solid and there's no electricity to run a microwave! The biscuits, chocolate and chewy bars will all survive the cold and provide masses of energy for trekking over those crevasses and glaciers.
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