The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Healthy Bodies

In this worksheet, students will check their understanding of the factors that affect their general health: diet, exercise, cleanliness and drugs.

'Healthy Bodies' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:   Healthy Bodies: Lifestyle

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

How long do you want to live? Do you think that you can do anything to affect how long that is? Do things you're going to control about your life matter: like what you eat, how often you exercise your body or whether you choose to take drugs?

 

Thinking

 

The answer's "Of course!", isn't it? That seems a pretty big thing, though, doesn't it? Making choices now that will affect your whole life requires making big decisions.

 

It seems in order to understand how to grow a healthy body then, you need to make informed decisions when you know the facts, and the potential consequences.

 

In this activity, we're going to look at the importance of eating well, exercising, keeping clean and how the substances you take into your body can affect you. These truly are life lessons - let's find out about them!

 

Foods  exercise  washing  drinking

First off, let's look at food.

 

You know we need food for energy, for building our bodies, and that too much of anything can be bad for you.

 

In this grid match the top four nutrients with their job (or function) and the bottom four nutrients with a food that has loads of that nutrient in it.

So, we need all these nutrients (and more), but if we have way too much sugar and fat (and that's all too easy), and don't do the exercise to work it off, we become obese.

 

Tick all the problems you that can negatively affect our body if we are obese.

Heart disease

Diabetes

Bad at exams

Find it hard to exercise

Hair grows longer

Being called names

So, eating correctly and well is important, but this is harder to control when you're a child.

 

Family eating

 

Here is a list of foods - tick all the ones you think it's sensible to only have occasionally.

crisps

sweets

water

apple

pizza

burger

chocolate

chicken nuggets

tomatoes

cherries

Breakfast is a really important meal: it gives your body the energy boost it needs in the morning.

 

Breakfast

 

Without breakfast, it's really hard to concentrate and by mid-morning you're starving!

 

Which of the following breakfasts would you recommend before starting a school day?

Weetabix, banana, milk

Chocolate cereal, milk

Boiled egg, toast, fruit juice

Sausage, bacon, hash brown

Bagel with cream cheese

Berry and yogurt smoothie

Pancake with choc spread

Nothing

In addition to eating well, we can maintain healthy bodies by keeping ourselves fairly clean - washing hands, cleaning teeth, showering regularly, washing our hair.

 

washing hands

 

See if you can match up the benefits (good things) with what's being washed.

Column A

Column B

Washing hands
stops dangerous microbes (germs) getting into our ...
Showering
Removes grease and untangles hair leaving it shiny...
Washing hair
cleans off dirt and prevents us from smelling bad

You probably know that at your age, puberty is just around the corner, and loads of changes will happen to your body. One of them is acne (otherwise known as spots, zits and so on). You can buy special creams to help keep them at bay, but what else do you think you can do which will often help to reduce acne?

 

Acne spots

 

Pick spots

Nothing

Wash face with a gentle face cleanser and tepid water

Use harsh facial scrubs

Your body is an amazing machine and in order to keep it in tip-top condition, it needs to be exercised. This is easier for some people than for others.

 

Sports

 

Here's a list of bodily changes - which ones do you think are improved by keeping your body exercised? Tick the ones you agree with.

Growing taller

The age at which you enter puberty

Stronger muscles

Living longer

Smoother skin

Stamina (staying power)

Healthy heart

Longer nails

Smoking can have an amazing range of terrible effects on your body!

 

cigarette

 

Pick out the one from this list that cannot be caused by smoking.

Heart attacks

Problems breathing

Leg amputations

Indigestion

Lung cancer

People are getting into drinking alcohol younger and younger, which is not only a problem for the UK but a disaster for the young people themselves.

 

alcohol

 

Pick out the one impact on our health from this list that cannot be caused by alcohol abuse.

Slow reactions

Heart problems

Lung cancer

Liver damage

High blood pressure

Aggression/anger

All sorts of drugs can have a terrible effect on the body, from solvents ("glue-sniffing") to things like ecstasy and heroin.

 

Syringe

 

One of the biggest problems for people is that once they start taking drugs/smoking/drinking regularly it's really, really hard to stop. They find they have to have the drug.

 

What do we call this massive need for something? Write your answer in the box.

  • Question 1

First off, let's look at food.

 

You know we need food for energy, for building our bodies, and that too much of anything can be bad for you.

 

In this grid match the top four nutrients with their job (or function) and the bottom four nutrients with a food that has loads of that nutrient in it.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Your main problem there will have been navigating the chart correctly! From your work back in Y3, you'll remember that we get our everyday energy from carbohydrates, like sugars, and pasta is a good example of that. On the other hand, fat is a great store of energy (butter is fat) while you need protein-containing foods to actually create and repair your body (eggs, for protein). Finally, to help food move along the gut easily, fibre (like in celery) is really important!
  • Question 2

So, we need all these nutrients (and more), but if we have way too much sugar and fat (and that's all too easy), and don't do the exercise to work it off, we become obese.

 

Tick all the problems you that can negatively affect our body if we are obese.

CORRECT ANSWER
Heart disease
Diabetes
Find it hard to exercise
Being called names
EDDIE SAYS
Our world is structured in such a way that we can easily become obese, which has negative risks associated. Obesity can lead to heart disease and the risk of diabetes. It's harder to exercise when an individual is overweight, and often obese individuals are often bullied for doing so. Fortunately, obesity has no direct effect upon how well we do at exams and it certainly doesn't impact our hair length!
  • Question 3

So, eating correctly and well is important, but this is harder to control when you're a child.

 

Family eating

 

Here is a list of foods - tick all the ones you think it's sensible to only have occasionally.

CORRECT ANSWER
crisps
sweets
pizza
burger
chocolate
chicken nuggets
EDDIE SAYS
Do you know the phrase, "moderation in everything"? It means that if you overdo anything, it's a bad thing. To be honest, drinking lots of water, eating a tub of cherries - not really a problem. But, if you had pizza most days, or regularly had chicken nuggets, these are examples of processed foods and they're stuffed with fat, sugar and salt and loads of chemicals. So whilst they're enjoyable occasionally, it actually damages your body to consume food like this all the time or in large quantities.
  • Question 4

Breakfast is a really important meal: it gives your body the energy boost it needs in the morning.

 

Breakfast

 

Without breakfast, it's really hard to concentrate and by mid-morning you're starving!

 

Which of the following breakfasts would you recommend before starting a school day?

CORRECT ANSWER
Weetabix, banana, milk
Boiled egg, toast, fruit juice
Berry and yogurt smoothie
EDDIE SAYS
Tough, isn't it? They're all yummy (except nothing at all!) and they'll all give you some energy, but some breakfasts come with a load of unwanted stuff too. You need an energy hit, but things like choco cereal, choc spread, pancakes and so on are full of sugar and not a lot else. A fried breakfast is nice (occasionally) but there's a load of fat in there. The good breakfasts give you the energy you need, some protein and, most importantly, not masses of unwanted chemicals, fat, sugar and salt.
  • Question 5

In addition to eating well, we can maintain healthy bodies by keeping ourselves fairly clean - washing hands, cleaning teeth, showering regularly, washing our hair.

 

washing hands

 

See if you can match up the benefits (good things) with what's being washed.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Washing hands
stops dangerous microbes (germs) ...
Showering
cleans off dirt and prevents us f...
Washing hair
Removes grease and untangles hair...
EDDIE SAYS
So that was reasonably OK, wasn't it? Just think what you do with your hands: stroke the dog, use door handles, hold on to the swings, pick your nose (eek!) - do you really want all the microbes you have collected on your hands getting into your mouth when you eat a cake? 'Course not! So, get 'em washed!
  • Question 6

You probably know that at your age, puberty is just around the corner, and loads of changes will happen to your body. One of them is acne (otherwise known as spots, zits and so on). You can buy special creams to help keep them at bay, but what else do you think you can do which will often help to reduce acne?

 

Acne spots

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Wash face with a gentle face cleanser and tepid water
EDDIE SAYS
Believe it or not, a simple morning wash with a gentle face wash and water is a sufficient way to deal with acne. It doesn't work for everyone, and some poor teens will have a bad bout and need medical advice. Acne often arises because of a build-up in grease and sweat on the skin, so your skin pores get blocked up, and a spot results. Keeping your skin clean, makes a surprising difference.
  • Question 7

Your body is an amazing machine and in order to keep it in tip-top condition, it needs to be exercised. This is easier for some people than for others.

 

Sports

 

Here's a list of bodily changes - which ones do you think are improved by keeping your body exercised? Tick the ones you agree with.

CORRECT ANSWER
Stronger muscles
Stamina (staying power)
Healthy heart
EDDIE SAYS
Some are pretty obvious, wouldn't you say: exercise gives your heart a workout, builds stronger muscles and (hopefully) increases your stamina so you can exercise for longer - it takes practice. Living longer - you can have half a mark for that! Regular exercise can help that but our lifespan is dependent upon so many factors, therefore it's hard to make a case for the claim that exercise will result in your living longer. The other bodily changes are not affected by exercise - no, it doesn't make you taller, that's mainly down to your genes!
  • Question 8

Smoking can have an amazing range of terrible effects on your body!

 

cigarette

 

Pick out the one from this list that cannot be caused by smoking.

CORRECT ANSWER
Indigestion
EDDIE SAYS
The big problem with smoking is the addiction to nicotine, which is the drug that smokers get from smoking. The burning tobacco causes so much damage that some smokers are turning to vaping which gives them nicotine without the chemicals they get from burning tobacco. You might be surprised to find that you can lose a leg from smoking - that's because blood clots from the smoke-damage can block blood vessels in the leg. Indigestion is caused by either eating too much, too fast or, sometimes, stress - it's when too much acid is released into the stomach.
  • Question 9

People are getting into drinking alcohol younger and younger, which is not only a problem for the UK but a disaster for the young people themselves.

 

alcohol

 

Pick out the one impact on our health from this list that cannot be caused by alcohol abuse.

CORRECT ANSWER
Lung cancer
EDDIE SAYS
It's not a great list, is it? All those issues can arise as a result of drinking too much (and too young) except for lung cancer - that's often the result of smoking which severely damages the lungs. Alcohol really messes with the brain and the liver and also leads to major heart problems, so those suffering from alcohol abuse can be really, really unwell.
  • Question 10

All sorts of drugs can have a terrible effect on the body, from solvents ("glue-sniffing") to things like ecstasy and heroin.

 

Syringe

 

One of the biggest problems for people is that once they start taking drugs/smoking/drinking regularly it's really, really hard to stop. They find they have to have the drug.

 

What do we call this massive need for something? Write your answer in the box.

CORRECT ANSWER
addiction
addicted
addict
EDDIE SAYS
People can be addicted to all sorts of things: shopping, keeping the house clean, washing themselves - lots of things as well as chemicals like drugs, alcohol, nicotine. Addiction means they have to have it, and tragically, it can totally take over their lives. Like we said at the beginning - knowing about all this means that you can make a decision about your future based on the facts. These truly are massive life decision. Great work, you've completed another activity! How about attempting another one so you feel super confident?
---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.