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Read and Understand Instructions - Recipes

In this worksheet, students read a recipe and answer questions on its content and structure.

'Read and Understand Instructions - Recipes' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Understand Structure and Purpose

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A recipe is a type of instructional text. Read this recipe for chocolate brownies and then answer the questions on the worksheet. Remember you can click on 'Help' if you need to see the recipe again.

 

How to make chocolate brownies

 

 

Ingredients

50g plain chocolate

110g butter

2 eggs, beaten

225g granulated sugar

50g plain flour

1 tsp baking powder

1/4 tsp salt

110g chopped nuts (optional)

Oblong baking tin approx. 18 x 28 cm, greased and lined with greaseproof paper

 

Preheat oven to gas mark 4 (180 deg C)

 

Method

1. Break chocolate into small pieces and melt with butter in a double saucepan (or in a basin over simmering water).

2. Remove from heat and stir in all other ingredients.

3. Mix thoroughly then spread mixture into lined baking tin.

4. Bake in oven for 30 minutes. Do not overcook - brownies firm up as they cool.

5. Leave to cool in tin for 10 mins then transfer to a wire rack.

 

Enjoy!

This recipe has two main sections. The first one tells you what you need and the second one tells you how to make the brownies.

 

What titles are given to the two sections?

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking the Help button.

Column A

Column B

what you need
method
how to make the brownies
ingredients

According to the recipe, which of the following ingredients do you need to make brownies?

 

Tick four boxes.

chocolate

eggs

milk

sugar

syrup

flour

rice

According to the recipe, you can put nuts in the brownies if you want to, but you don't have to. What word is used in the ingredients list to show this?

 

Write it in the answer box.

What should you do first when you make brownies?

Melt the chocolate.

Switch the oven on.

Mix all the ingredients together.

Recipes need to be clear, so they are laid out in a special way to make them easy to follow.

 

Which of the following features are included in this recipe?

 

Tick three boxes.

a photograph or picture

bold print

bullet points

a labelled diagram

numbered points

Imperative verbs are often used in recipes and other types of instruction. These are sometimes called 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

 

Each of the steps in the method contains two imperative verbs. In step 1 they are 'break' and 'melt'. Find the imperative verbs in the other steps and write them in the boxes.

 

Use lower case letters for your answers, not capitals.

 first verbsecond verb
step 2
step 3
step 4
step 5

Recipes often use shortened forms of words and sentences so that they don't become too long and complicated.

 

This recipe misses out little words like 'the' to make the sentences shorter, and it also uses quite a lot of abbreviations.

 

Match up the abbreviations with their full forms.

Column A

Column B

approx
grams
g
approximately
mins
minutes
deg
degrees
tsp
teaspoon
  • Question 1

This recipe has two main sections. The first one tells you what you need and the second one tells you how to make the brownies.

 

What titles are given to the two sections?

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking the Help button.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

what you need
ingredients
how to make the brownies
method
EDDIE SAYS
Some recipes use the words 'What you need' instead of 'ingredients' but it is important to learn the correct term.
  • Question 2

According to the recipe, which of the following ingredients do you need to make brownies?

 

Tick four boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
chocolate
eggs
sugar
flour
EDDIE SAYS
This recipe uses plain chocolate, but brownies can be made using milk chocolate if you prefer.
  • Question 3

According to the recipe, you can put nuts in the brownies if you want to, but you don't have to. What word is used in the ingredients list to show this?

 

Write it in the answer box.

CORRECT ANSWER
optional
EDDIE SAYS
An option is something that you can choose, so if something is optional it means you can choose whether you have it or not. Some people are allergic to nuts.
  • Question 4

What should you do first when you make brownies?

CORRECT ANSWER
Switch the oven on.
EDDIE SAYS
The oven needs to be switched on first so that it has time to warm up. It might have been clearer if this was put down as point number 1, as it is easy to miss it at the bottom of the list of ingredients, but most recipes are set out this way.
  • Question 5

Recipes need to be clear, so they are laid out in a special way to make them easy to follow.

 

Which of the following features are included in this recipe?

 

Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
a photograph or picture
bold print
numbered points
EDDIE SAYS
A photograph is useful to show how the brownies should look when they are made. A labelled diagram isn't really necessary for a recipe but could be useful for instructions on how to build something. Numbered points are better than bullet points when the order of the steps is important.
  • Question 6

Imperative verbs are often used in recipes and other types of instruction. These are sometimes called 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

 

Each of the steps in the method contains two imperative verbs. In step 1 they are 'break' and 'melt'. Find the imperative verbs in the other steps and write them in the boxes.

 

Use lower case letters for your answers, not capitals.

CORRECT ANSWER
 first verbsecond verb
step 2
step 3
step 4
step 5
EDDIE SAYS
The other verbs in step 4 ('firm' and 'cool') are not imperative verbs, as they are stating what the brownes do, not giving someone instructions.
  • Question 7

Recipes often use shortened forms of words and sentences so that they don't become too long and complicated.

 

This recipe misses out little words like 'the' to make the sentences shorter, and it also uses quite a lot of abbreviations.

 

Match up the abbreviations with their full forms.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

approx
approximately
g
grams
mins
minutes
deg
degrees
tsp
teaspoon
EDDIE SAYS
Sometimes the abbreviations can look confusing, but people who cook and bake a lot get used to them.
---- OR ----

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