# Read and Understand Instructions for a Game

In this worksheet, students read instructions for a game and answer questions on their content and structure.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum subtopic:   Understand Structure and Purpose

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Instructions need to be clear and easy to follow. Read these instructions for the game of Snakes and Ladders and then answer the questions in the worksheet.

How to play Snakes and Ladders

A game for 2 - 6 players

Equipment

• Coloured counters
• Dice

Rules

1. Youngest player starts.

2. Take turns to roll the dice and move your counter the number of spaces shown on the dice.

3. If you land on a square containing the bottom of a ladder you can move your counter to the top of the ladder.

4. If you land on a square containing the head of a snake you must move your counter all the way down the snake to the bottom.

5. The winner is the first player to reach the final square (containing the trophy).

The instructions are divided into two sections. The first one tells you what you need and the second one tells you how to play the game.

What are the sections called?

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking the Help button.

## Column B

what you need
rules
how to play the game
equipment

Apart from the equipment and rules, what other information is given in the instructions?

the colour of the counters

how many people can play the game

where you should play the game

Which player starts the game?

the one who rolls the highest number

the oldest player

the youngest player

What must you do if you land on the head of a snake?

miss a turn

move your counter down to the bottom of the snake

have another go

Instructions need to be clear, so they are laid out in a special way to make them easy to follow.

Which of the following features are included in these instructions?

Tick four boxes.

numbered points

bold print

bullet points

a labelled diagram

a photograph or picture

Instructions often begin with imperative verbs. These are sometimes known as 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

for example:

Roll the dice.

Miss a turn.

In this set of instructions, only one of the steps begins with an imperative verb. Which one?

step 1

step 2

step 3

step 4

step 5

Why do the instructions have numbers?

so players can help each other

so players know what to do first

What equipment is needed to play Snakes and Ladders?

dice

counters in the same colour

counters in different colours

a snake

hourglass

• Question 1

The instructions are divided into two sections. The first one tells you what you need and the second one tells you how to play the game.

What are the sections called?

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking the Help button.

## Column B

what you need
equipment
how to play the game
rules
EDDIE SAYS
The titles are different for different types of instructional texts. In a recipe, the 'what you need' title would be 'ingredients' and the 'how to play' title would be 'method'.
• Question 2

Apart from the equipment and rules, what other information is given in the instructions?

how many people can play the game
EDDIE SAYS
It is important to know how many players can play before you start.
• Question 3

Which player starts the game?

the youngest player
EDDIE SAYS
There are many different ways of deciding who starts a game. In this case it is the youngest player, but as long as all the players agree on the rules it doesn't really matter!
• Question 4

What must you do if you land on the head of a snake?

move your counter down to the bottom of the snake
EDDIE SAYS
Many games involve missing a turn, but not this one.
• Question 5

Instructions need to be clear, so they are laid out in a special way to make them easy to follow.

Which of the following features are included in these instructions?

Tick four boxes.

numbered points
bold print
bullet points
a photograph or picture
EDDIE SAYS
A diagram with labels isn't really necessary here as the game is not very complicated and the players will have the pieces in front of them anyway.
• Question 6

Instructions often begin with imperative verbs. These are sometimes known as 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

for example:

Roll the dice.

Miss a turn.

In this set of instructions, only one of the steps begins with an imperative verb. Which one?

step 2
EDDIE SAYS
Step 2 begins with the imperative verb 'take'. Steps 1 and 5 are explaining things rather than giving instructions, and steps 3 and 4 both begin with the conjunction 'if'.
• Question 7

Why do the instructions have numbers?

so players know what to do first
EDDIE SAYS
The numbers show the players how to begin the game to make the game work properly.
• Question 8

What equipment is needed to play Snakes and Ladders?

dice
counters in different colours
EDDIE SAYS
It's important that the counters have different colours so you know which counter is yours.
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