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Understand the Conventions of Written Instructions

In this worksheet, students answer questions on the structure and content of instructional texts.

'Understand the Conventions of Written Instructions' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Understand Structure and Purpose

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Instructional texts include recipes, directions and rules for playing games. They are written in a particular way to make them easy to follow.

 

 

In this worksheet, you can see how much you know about writing instructions.

Are instructions fiction or non-fiction?

fiction

non-fiction

Which of the following types of writing are instructions?

 

Tick two boxes.

a letter complaining about litter in the local park

a poster advertising a new film

a recipe for cup cakes

a list of reasons why pupils should not use mobile phones in class

the rules for how to play cricket

a report on the life cycle of a butterfly

Which of the following features are often found in instructions?

 

Tick five boxes.

photographs

powerful adjectives

numbered points

the writer's opinion

bullet points

labelled diagrams

titles or headings

Instructional texts often include time connectives to help the reader know which order to do things in.

 

Which of the following words are time connectives?

 

Tick five boxes.

first

so

then

however

next

because

after that

finally

Instructions often begin with imperative verbs. These are sometimes called 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

For example:

Turn left into the High Street.

Mix the ingredients together.

 

Read the following sentences and tick the three that begin with imperative verbs.

This is a game for 2 - 4 players.

Plug the kettle in and switch it on.

After that, the cake is put into the oven.

Cross the road at the zebra crossing.

The youngest player goes first.

Roll the dice and move your counter along the board.

Instructions for games and recipes are usually divided into sections telling you what you need and what to do. These sections are given particular titles.

 

Decide which of the words in the list are used in instructions for games and which are used in recipes.

 instructions for gamesrecipes
equipment
ingredients
rules
preparation method

What is missing from these instructions for a game?

 

Equipment

a bowl

different coloured small tiddliwinks.

several large tiddliwinks

players

 

Rules:

1. Share out the tiddliwinks between the players. It is best to give each player different colours.

2. Give every player a large tiddliwink.

3. Place the bowl on the floor between all the players.

4. Using the large tiddliwink, take it in turns to see who can flick each of their small tiddliwinks into the bowl.

5. The player with the most tiddliwinks in the bowl, wins!

the equipment list

the title of the game

how to play

These directions are difficult to understand:

Go down the road, then take the second left, then right by the lights. Go past the playground and then you will find the Baker Shop on the left.

 

What would make them more useful? Tick four boxes.

numbered points

rules

an equipment list

photographs

bullet points

a labelled diagram or map

  • Question 1

Are instructions fiction or non-fiction?

CORRECT ANSWER
non-fiction
EDDIE SAYS
Instructions are non-fiction. They contain real information, not stories.
  • Question 2

Which of the following types of writing are instructions?

 

Tick two boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
a recipe for cup cakes
the rules for how to play cricket
EDDIE SAYS
One way of checking whether a text is instructional or not is to ask whether it is telling people what to do.
  • Question 3

Which of the following features are often found in instructions?

 

Tick five boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
photographs
numbered points
bullet points
labelled diagrams
titles or headings
EDDIE SAYS
Instructions tell people what to do, so they don't include opinions. Powerful adjectives are not necessary as instructions are not descriptive writing.
  • Question 4

Instructional texts often include time connectives to help the reader know which order to do things in.

 

Which of the following words are time connectives?

 

Tick five boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
first
then
next
after that
finally
EDDIE SAYS
Time connectives are not essential if the instructions are in a numbered list, but they are helpful if the instructions are written in a single paragraph.
  • Question 5

Instructions often begin with imperative verbs. These are sometimes called 'bossy verbs' because they tell people what to do.

For example:

Turn left into the High Street.

Mix the ingredients together.

 

Read the following sentences and tick the three that begin with imperative verbs.

CORRECT ANSWER
Plug the kettle in and switch it on.
Cross the road at the zebra crossing.
Roll the dice and move your counter along the board.
EDDIE SAYS
Imperative verbs may sound bossy, but they are a clear way of giving people instructions. If you are talking to someone and giving them instructions it sounds more polite if you add words such as 'please'.
  • Question 6

Instructions for games and recipes are usually divided into sections telling you what you need and what to do. These sections are given particular titles.

 

Decide which of the words in the list are used in instructions for games and which are used in recipes.

CORRECT ANSWER
 instructions for gamesrecipes
equipment
ingredients
rules
preparation method
EDDIE SAYS
The word 'ingredients' and 'preparation method' are only used for food and drink.
  • Question 7

What is missing from these instructions for a game?

 

Equipment

a bowl

different coloured small tiddliwinks.

several large tiddliwinks

players

 

Rules:

1. Share out the tiddliwinks between the players. It is best to give each player different colours.

2. Give every player a large tiddliwink.

3. Place the bowl on the floor between all the players.

4. Using the large tiddliwink, take it in turns to see who can flick each of their small tiddliwinks into the bowl.

5. The player with the most tiddliwinks in the bowl, wins!

CORRECT ANSWER
the title of the game
EDDIE SAYS
The title of the game is missing. This is important as it tells you what the instructions are for.
  • Question 8

These directions are difficult to understand:

Go down the road, then take the second left, then right by the lights. Go past the playground and then you will find the Baker Shop on the left.

 

What would make them more useful? Tick four boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
numbered points
photographs
bullet points
a labelled diagram or map
EDDIE SAYS
It would be useful to separate these directions by using bullet points or numbered points. By adding a map or some photographs they would be easier to understand.
---- OR ----

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