Morphology is the study of the structure of words, or how they are built up.
Many words are made up of a root word, plus a prefix or suffix or both. All the words in the list below contain the root word help.
helpful (root word + suffix)
helping (root word + suffix)
unhelpful (prefix + root word + suffix)
If we know what role the different parts of a word play, it can help us understand what the word means and how to spell it. For example, the suffix -ful means 'full of' but it is always spelt with one l. So if we want to write the word meaning 'full of joy' we know that it is spelt joyful and not joyfull.
The prefix ir- gives a word its opposite meaning.
ir + responsible = irresponsible
If we know that the word is built up this way, we know that we need double r at the beginning rather than just one r.
In this worksheet you can use your knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to help spell words.