When we are practising reading and spelling new words, it's a great idea to say them out loud, this will help us to hear all of the sounds.
When we are spelling a longer word, we can break the word down into smaller parts.
For example: fan-tas-tic
The word fantastic has been broken down into three smaller parts, saying these smaller parts out loud will make it easier when we want to spell the word and write it down.
We may also spot a smaller word, inside the longer word. For example fan inside the word fantastic! This smaller word is known as a root word.