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Conjunctions, connecting adverbs and cause and effect connectives

In this worksheet, students practise identifying and using connectives that show cause and effect.

'Conjunctions, connecting adverbs and cause and effect connectives' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Composition

Curriculum subtopic:   Build Paragraph Cohesion

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Connectives are used to make links between and within sentences, and they help writing to flow. 

Chains

These sentences show why something happens, and the connectives used are often referred to as cause and effect connectives.

Jamie was very tired. Because of this, he went to bed early tonight.

The army was exhausted and could fight no longer. Thus the battle was lost.

 

If connectives are used to link clauses within the same sentence they are called conjunctions.

The vase smashed because I accidently knocked it when I was dusting.

You haven't finished your work so you can't go out to play.

 

The cause and effect connectives on the following list are not conjunctions but connecting adverbs. They should be used to link sentences rather than within a sentence.

therefore

thus

consequently

as a result of this

because of this

thanks to this

 

Joey ate too much cake at the party. Consequently he was sick on the way home.

(NotJoey ate too much cake at the party consequently he was sick on the way home.)

Identify the conjunction used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

Because he was late, Kevin missed the school trip.

Identify the connecting adverb used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

There are not many tigers left in the wild. Consequently, they have been declared an endangered species.

Identify the conjunction used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

Dogs have very sharp teeth so they can eat meat.

Which of the connectives in the list is not a cause and effect connective?

Thus

Eventually

Therefore

So

Which of the connectives in the list is not a cause and effect connective?

Because of this

Consequently

Meanwhile

Thanks to this

All the words and phrases in the list are cause and effect connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

Thus

Consequently

Because

Thanks to this

All the words and phrases in the list are cause and effect connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

Thanks to this

So

As a result of this

Because of this

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

 

We didn't really work as a team. __________, it wasn't surprising that we lost the match.

Otherwise

Therefore

Nevertheless

Consequently

Meanwhile

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

 

It snowed really heavily this morning. __________, our school was closed for the day.

So

Unless

Therefore

As a result of this

Because

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick one box.

 

__________ it rained so hard, the sports day was cancelled.

Therefore

So

Because

Although

  • Question 1

Identify the conjunction used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

Because he was late, Kevin missed the school trip.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because
EDDIE SAYS
Let's do this! Remember conjunctions are not connectives. You are looking for the word that links the sentences by giving a reason. 'Because' is the word used to explain why something has happened.
  • Question 2

Identify the connecting adverb used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

There are not many tigers left in the wild. Consequently, they have been declared an endangered species.

CORRECT ANSWER
Consequently
EDDIE SAYS
Good effort! Consequently is used to link the two sentences together.It is used to explain what the result of an event it.
  • Question 3

Identify the conjunction used to show cause and effect in this sentence and write it in the answer box.

 

Dogs have very sharp teeth so they can eat meat.

CORRECT ANSWER
So
EDDIE SAYS
Remember you are looking for the word that links the 'cause' and 'effect' together. In this example the 'cause' is 'Dogs have very sharp teeth'. The 'effect' of this is 'they can eat meat'. The connective 'so' is used to link the two ideas together.
  • Question 4

Which of the connectives in the list is not a cause and effect connective?

CORRECT ANSWER
Eventually
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it right? 'Eventually' is not a cause and effect connective. This connective is used to show the time of an event. Keep up the super effort!
  • Question 5

Which of the connectives in the list is not a cause and effect connective?

CORRECT ANSWER
Meanwhile
EDDIE SAYS
Again here the connective 'meanwhile' is used to help show the timing in a text. It shows the reader when an event may be occurring. You've got this!
  • Question 6

All the words and phrases in the list are cause and effect connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because
EDDIE SAYS
This is a tricky one! But really all you need to do is decide which connective could you use within the one sentence. 'Because' can be used to link two clauses within the same sentence. The other connectives listed are generally used at the start of a new sentence helping to link it to the previous sentence.
  • Question 7

All the words and phrases in the list are cause and effect connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

CORRECT ANSWER
So
EDDIE SAYS
Are you getting the hang of this now? 'So' can be used to link two clauses together within the same sentence. E.g 'The boy ran fast so he won the race.'
  • Question 8

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

 

We didn't really work as a team. __________, it wasn't surprising that we lost the match.

CORRECT ANSWER
Therefore
Consequently
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! Both 'therefore' and 'consequently' are used to show the result of something.
  • Question 9

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

 

It snowed really heavily this morning. __________, our school was closed for the day.

CORRECT ANSWER
Therefore
As a result of this
EDDIE SAYS
The conjunction 'so' could be used if it was all one sentence, but not for two separate sentences. Nearly there super star!
  • Question 10

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick one box.

 

__________ it rained so hard, the sports day was cancelled.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because
EDDIE SAYS
Amazing effort! 'Because' works best in this example as it makes it clear to the reader that there was a consequence of the 'rain'.
---- OR ----

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