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Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 1

In this worksheet, students practise identifying passive sentences.

'Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:   Passive Verb Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A sentence can be either active or passive.

In an active sentence the SUBJECT carries out the action and the OBJECT receives the action.

 

The mouse frightened the elephant.

In this sentence, the SUBJECT (the mouse) is doing the frightening and the OBJECT (the elephant) is being frightened.

 

In a passive sentence the subject receives the action instead of carrying it out.

The elephant was frightened by the mouse.

This time the SUBJECT (the elephant) is being frightened rather than doing the frightening.

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Dad swept the front path.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Fiona was bitten by a dog.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Jamie helped Paul with his homework.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

All my lettuce plants were eaten by slugs.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The dishes were washed straight after the meal.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Jason vacuumed the carpet.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The sun rose at six o'clock this morning.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The thief was sentenced to four years in prison.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Tim propped his bike up against the wall.

active

passive

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Josie was invited to Kerry's party.

active

passive

  • Question 1

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Dad swept the front path.

CORRECT ANSWER
active
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! The subject (Dad) is doing the sweeping so it is an active sentence.
  • Question 2

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Fiona was bitten by a dog.

CORRECT ANSWER
passive
EDDIE SAYS
Good try! The subject (Fiona) is not doing the biting but being bitten, so it is a passive sentence. Keep it up!
  • Question 3

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Jamie helped Paul with his homework.

CORRECT ANSWER
active
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic! Remember if the subject is doing the action the sentence is active. In this example the subject (Jamie) is 'helping' so he is doing the action.
  • Question 4

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

All my lettuce plants were eaten by slugs.

CORRECT ANSWER
passive
EDDIE SAYS
This is a passive sentence as the subject (lettuce) is being eaten. The action is being done to the subject. Super effort! Keep it up!
  • Question 5

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The dishes were washed straight after the meal.

CORRECT ANSWER
passive
EDDIE SAYS
You getting the hang of this now? This sentence is passive as the dishes are our subject and they are being washed. The action is being done to them.
  • Question 6

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Jason vacuumed the carpet.

CORRECT ANSWER
active
EDDIE SAYS
You got this! Our subject (Jason) is doing the action (vacuuming) so our sentence is active. When the subject performs the action the sentence is active.
  • Question 7

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The sun rose at six o'clock this morning.

CORRECT ANSWER
active
EDDIE SAYS
Keep up the great effort! The 'sun' is our subject and it is performing the action of 'rising' so our sentence is active.
  • Question 8

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

The thief was sentenced to four years in prison.

CORRECT ANSWER
passive
EDDIE SAYS
You got this! The sentence is passive. The subject (the thief) is having the action done to him. He is not choosing to go to prison.
  • Question 9

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Tim propped his bike up against the wall.

CORRECT ANSWER
active
EDDIE SAYS
Nearly there! Well done! This sentence is active. 'Tim' who is our subject is doing the action (propping his bike against the wall).
  • Question 10

Decide whether the following sentence is active or passive.

 

Josie was invited to Kerry's party.

CORRECT ANSWER
passive
EDDIE SAYS
This is a tricky one! The subject (Josie) has been invited to a party. She has had an action done to her. So the sentence is passive. If the sentence said 'Kerry invited Josie to her party.' It would make the sentence active, as 'Kerry' would be performing the action herself.
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