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Sentence Structure: Manipulating for Effect 3

In this worksheet, students consider various ways of changing word order within sentences to create different effects for their readers.

'Sentence Structure: Manipulating for Effect 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Composition

Curriculum subtopic:   Grammar and Vocabulary Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Writing can be boring if sentences always begin with a noun or a pronoun.

Oliver looked around. He ran frantically over the bridge. He was muttering under his breath.

 

There are many ways of varying the structure of sentences to make them more interesting.

 

Short sentences can be combined in different ways.

Oliver looked around, then ran frantically over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

Having looked around, Oliver ran frantically over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

Oliver looked around. Muttering under his breath, he ran frantically over the bridge.

 

The word order within a sentence can be changed. In this example, the adverb has been moved to the beginning.

An adverb is a word that describes a verb. They usually end in -ly.

Frantically, he ran over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

 

This time, the preposition has been moved to the beginning.

Preposition are words such as at, for, in, off, on, over and under. They describe a location, time or place.

Over the bridge he ran, muttering under his breath.

In this example, the adverb has been left out.

 

In the sentence below the subordinate clause has been moved to the beginning of the sentence.

A subordinate clause is the part of a sentence that is dependent on another clause to make sense, it can't stand alone.

Even though her hayfever was bad, Maya sat patiently in the park.

 

Different effects are created by changing sentences in these ways. In general, the first part of the sentence has the greatest impact on the reader, so it's worth thinking about the effect you are trying to achieve when you construct your sentences.

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