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Sentence Structure: Manipulating for Effect 3

In this worksheet, students consider various ways of changing word order within sentences to create different effects for their readers.

'Sentence Structure: Manipulating for Effect 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Composition

Curriculum subtopic:  Grammar and Vocabulary Awareness

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Writing can be boring if sentences always begin with a noun or a pronoun.

Oliver looked around. He ran frantically over the bridge. He was muttering under his breath.

 

There are many ways of varying the structure of sentences to make them more interesting.

 

Short sentences can be combined in different ways.

Oliver looked around, then ran frantically over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

Having looked around, Oliver ran frantically over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

Oliver looked around. Muttering under his breath, he ran frantically over the bridge.

 

The word order within a sentence can be changed. In this example the adverb has been moved to the beginning.

Frantically, he ran over the bridge, muttering under his breath.

 

This time, the preposition has been moved to the beginning.

Over the bridge he ran, muttering under his breath.

In this example the adverb has been left out.

 

Different effects are created by changing sentences in these ways. In general, the first part of the sentence has the greatest impact on the reader, so it is worth thinking about the effect you are trying to achieve when you construct your sentences.

Change the word order in this sentence so that the adverb is at the beginning.

(When it is at the start of a sentence, the adverb is usually separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.)

 

Amelia waited nervously for her piano exam.

Change the word order in this sentence so that the adverb is at the beginning.

 

Tommy crept forward cautiously.

Change the word order in this sentence so that the preposition is at the beginning.

 

The magnificent fleet of ships appeared over the horizon.

Change the word order in this sentence so that the preposition is at the beginning.

 

We could hear a strange rumbling underneath us.

In the next set of questions you will be asked to manipulate the same sentences in different ways so that you can compare the effects.

 

Read this sentence and then rewrite it beginning with 'Gripping the steering wheel...'.

 

The driver, who was gripping the steering wheel tightly, hurtled across the narrow bridge.

This time, rewrite the sentence beginning with the preposition.

 

The driver, who was gripping the steering wheel tightly, hurtled across the narrow bridge.

Read this sentence and then rewrite it with the subordinate clause at the beginning.

 

Jessica waited confidently for her exam, although she knew she hadn't prepared enough.

This time, rewrite the sentence with the adverb at the beginning.

 

Jessica waited confidently for her exam, although she knew she hadn't prepared enough.

Read this sentence and then rewrite it, starting with the adverb.

 

Billy's mother waited calmly for him to come home, confident that he was safe.

This time rewrite the sentence beginning with 'Confident that ...'.

 

Billy's mother waited calmly for him to come home, confident that he was safe.

  • Question 1

Change the word order in this sentence so that the adverb is at the beginning.

(When it is at the start of a sentence, the adverb is usually separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.)

 

Amelia waited nervously for her piano exam.

CORRECT ANSWER
Nervously, Amelia waited for her piano exam.
  • Question 2

Change the word order in this sentence so that the adverb is at the beginning.

 

Tommy crept forward cautiously.

CORRECT ANSWER
Cautiously, Tommy crept forward.
  • Question 3

Change the word order in this sentence so that the preposition is at the beginning.

 

The magnificent fleet of ships appeared over the horizon.

CORRECT ANSWER
Over the horizon appeared the magnificent fleet of ships.
Over the horizon the magnificent fleet of ships appeared.
EDDIE SAYS
The verb can come straight after the preposition or at the end of the sentence. It is just a matter of choice!
  • Question 4

Change the word order in this sentence so that the preposition is at the beginning.

 

We could hear a strange rumbling underneath us.

CORRECT ANSWER
Underneath us we could hear a strange rumbling.
  • Question 5

In the next set of questions you will be asked to manipulate the same sentences in different ways so that you can compare the effects.

 

Read this sentence and then rewrite it beginning with 'Gripping the steering wheel...'.

 

The driver, who was gripping the steering wheel tightly, hurtled across the narrow bridge.

CORRECT ANSWER
Gripping the steering wheel tightly, the driver hurtled across the narrow bridge.
  • Question 6

This time, rewrite the sentence beginning with the preposition.

 

The driver, who was gripping the steering wheel tightly, hurtled across the narrow bridge.

CORRECT ANSWER
Across the narrow bridge hurtled the driver, gripping the steering wheel tightly.
Across the narrow bridge the driver hurtled, gripping the steering wheel tightly.
Across the narrow bridge hurtled the driver, who was gripping the steering wheel tightly.
EDDIE SAYS
This version highlights the location (the narrow bridge) rather than the fact that the driver is gripping the steering wheel tightly.
  • Question 7

Read this sentence and then rewrite it with the subordinate clause at the beginning.

 

Jessica waited confidently for her exam, although she knew she hadn't prepared enough.

CORRECT ANSWER
Although she knew she hadn't prepared enough, Jessica waited confidently for her exam.
  • Question 8

This time, rewrite the sentence with the adverb at the beginning.

 

Jessica waited confidently for her exam, although she knew she hadn't prepared enough.

CORRECT ANSWER
Confidently, Jessica waited for her exam, although she knew she hadn't prepared enough.
EDDIE SAYS
This version emphasises Jessica's confidence, while starting with the subordinate clause highlights the fact that she hadn't prepared enough.
  • Question 9

Read this sentence and then rewrite it, starting with the adverb.

 

Billy's mother waited calmly for him to come home, confident that he was safe.

CORRECT ANSWER
Calmly, Billy's mother waited for him to come home, confident that he was safe.
  • Question 10

This time rewrite the sentence beginning with 'Confident that ...'.

 

Billy's mother waited calmly for him to come home, confident that he was safe.

CORRECT ANSWER
Confident that he was safe, Billy's mother waited calmly for him to come home.
Confident that Billy was safe, his mother waited calmly for him to come home.
EDDIE SAYS
The shift in emphasis is quite subtle here, but this version emphasises his mother's confidence rather than her calmness.
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