# Connectives, connecting adverbs and conjunctions

In this worksheet, students practise identifying and using connectives in their writing that sequence events.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Composition

Curriculum subtopic:   Build Paragraph Cohesion

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Connectives are used to make links between and within sentences, and they help writing to flow.

These sentences show the order in which things happen, and the connectives used are often referred to as sequencing connectives or time connectives.

I ate my breakfast. After that, I brushed my teeth.

Katie was out shopping for the afternoon. In the meantime, her mother cleaned the house.

If connectives are used to link clauses within the same sentence they are called conjunctions.

Joanna washed her hair before she went to the party.

Dwayne read a book while his brother played on the guitar.

Before, after, while, when and then are all sequencing conjunctions, but the words and phrases on the following list are not conjunctions but connecting adverbs and should be used to link sentences rather than join clauses within a sentence.

first

next

later

after that

before that

finally

eventually

in the meantime

meanwhile

Yolande spent a long time on her maths homework. Eventually she got it finished.

(NotYolande spent a long time on her maths homework eventually she got it finished.)

Identify the conjunction used to sequence events in the following sentence and write it in the answer box.

Jess worked on her knitting while she watched television.

Identify the conjunction used to sequence events in the following sentence and write it in the answer box.

Before she went to the dentist, Priya cleaned her teeth carefully.

Identify the connecting adverb used to sequence events in the following sentences and write it in the answer box.

It seemed like we were driving for ever. Eventually we arrived at the caravan park.

Identify the connecting adverb used to sequence events in the following sentences and write it in the answer box.

You can go for a swim now. In the meantime I'm going to sunbathe.

Which of the connectives in the list is not a sequencing connective?

Meanwhile

Finally

When

Nevertheless

Which of the connectives in the list is not a sequencing connective?

Next

While

Besides

Then

All the words and phrases in the list are sequencing connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

Eventually

Later

Meanwhile

Before

All the words and phrases in the list are sequencing connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

Finally

While

Next

First

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

We had a pizza __________ we went to the cinema.

meanwhile

after

finally

before

later

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

Our trip finished with a visit to the zoo. __________, we went back to school.

While

Before that

Finally

Meanwhile

After that

• Question 1

Identify the conjunction used to sequence events in the following sentence and write it in the answer box.

Jess worked on her knitting while she watched television.

while
EDDIE SAYS
You can do this! The conjunction is 'while' as it shows the reader the timing of the event.
• Question 2

Identify the conjunction used to sequence events in the following sentence and write it in the answer box.

Before she went to the dentist, Priya cleaned her teeth carefully.

Before
EDDIE SAYS
Great effort! 'Before' is the conjunction as it explains to the reader what order things happened.
• Question 3

Identify the connecting adverb used to sequence events in the following sentences and write it in the answer box.

It seemed like we were driving for ever. Eventually we arrived at the caravan park.

Eventually
EDDIE SAYS
'Eventually' is the connecting adverb in this sentence. It places the events in time order.
• Question 4

Identify the connecting adverb used to sequence events in the following sentences and write it in the answer box.

You can go for a swim now. In the meantime I'm going to sunbathe.

In the meantime
EDDIE SAYS
Are you getting the hang of this now? You need to look for which words place events in time and explain to the reader when things have occurred.
• Question 5

Which of the connectives in the list is not a sequencing connective?

Nevertheless
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! 'Nevertheless' is not a sequencing connective as it does not help explain the timings of events.
• Question 6

Which of the connectives in the list is not a sequencing connective?

Besides
EDDIE SAYS
Again here which word could you not use to show when something has happened? 'Besides' would be a connective used to give a a reason for something. It does not show the time of something. Keep it up super star!
• Question 7

All the words and phrases in the list are sequencing connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

Before
EDDIE SAYS
'Before' can be used to link two clauses together. "Jane brushed her teeth before she went to bed." Nearly there!
• Question 8

All the words and phrases in the list are sequencing connectives, but only one can be used as a conjunction (to link two clauses within a sentence). Tick the conjunction.

While
EDDIE SAYS
Again here we can use 'while' to link two clauses together. "Robert rode his bike while his sister rode her scooter."
• Question 9

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

We had a pizza __________ we went to the cinema.

after
before
EDDIE SAYS
The connectives 'later' and 'finally' would be correct if there were two separate sentences, but they cannot be used as a conjunction.
• Question 10

Which of the connectives in the list could be used to complete the sentence? Tick two boxes.

Our trip finished with a visit to the zoo. __________, we went back to school.

Finally
After that
EDDIE SAYS
Amazing effort! You need to show that 'going back to school' happened after the zoo. You need to use a connective adverb to do this, but only 'After that' or 'Finally' show that this is the last thing to happen.
---- OR ----

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