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Writing a Logical Argument: School Trips

In this worksheet, students use a step-by step guide to help them develop their own logical arguments.

'Writing a Logical Argument: School Trips' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Writing

Curriculum subtopic:   Purpose and Audience Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Imagine that you have been given the task of writing a logical argument based on the following statement:

 

"All students should go on one extra-curricular (outside school) trip each term."

 

 

Each of the following questions covers an area which needs to be included in a logical argument. Work through the questions, choosing the best options to make your argument as strong as it can be.

Read this paragraph and choose the best option to fill in the gap below.

 

Introduction:

Although each school is different, many seem to have a rule of organising one trip per year or even less. This is harmful as experiences outside school benefit students' learning as well as widening their perspective on life. As ______________________, I firmly believe that schools need to offer all students at least three trips per year to help them to learn and develop.

 

someone who likes trips

a student myself

someone who goes on lots of trips with my family

The benefits of trips:

There are several reasons why trips are so beneficial to students. Firstly, they bring to life an area which is being studied. This can improve exam results and improve students' chances later on in life. In addition, they can widen a young person's experience and perspective, enabling them to see, hear and do things which they have not had the chance to experience before. Finally, some students do not learn best in the classroom; trips give them the chance to prove what they can do, which gives them confidence in themselves. 

 

What is the name for the group of words we use in argument writing which includes:

Firstly, in addition and finally? Write your answer in the text box below.

Using ____________  ___________:

So, why isn't one trip a year enough? Even if we accept all of the benefits of trips we've talked about, why do students need three? There are a few reasons for this: students might be ill on the day of the trip. If there is only one trip, then they have to wait until the following year to get out of the classroom during school time. Also, a year in the life of a school-aged student is a long time, there is so much learning and development which goes on every day, week and month. To have to wait a whole year for a trip means missing out on many more opportunities which could benefit the student.

 

Which feature is used twice at the beginning of this paragraph? Write your answer in the text box below.

Including a counter-argument:

Although there are clear benefits to trips, many schools struggle to provide them because of cost. Even when the students pay some money towards the trip, the school often has to subsidise it so that it is cheap enough for lots of students to go. There are also those students who cannot afford to contribute and the school has to pay for them, too. Whilst this is a good point to make, cost should not stop schools organising trips. There are lots of cheap trips which schools can organise. For example, for a Science trip, students could go pond-dipping in a local river. For P.E. they could go walking in some hills for the day near to where the school is and for Art they could spend the morning at a free art gallery.

 

Which of the following points are made in this paragraph? Tick three boxes.

Trips can be expensive to run.

Students should pay more towards trips.

Trips don't have to be expensive.

Not everyone wants to go on a trip.

Some students cannot afford to pay the cost of trips.

Using emotive language:

Many students may have been brought up with a whole range of experiences from a very young age. They may have been regularly taken to museums, aquariums, zoos, the seaside, etc. But for other students, school trips are the only experience they ever have outside of their school and local area. For these students, school trips are not just nice, they are necessary in showing them what the wider world has to offer.

 

How does using italics for the words only and ever emphasise the emotive language in this paragraph?

It makes it stand out.

It makes us feel even more sorry for those students.

It draws your attention to it.

Development (inference):

We can all see how good trips are for students, but it is also important to think about what kind of trips are the best ones. 'Reward trips' such as theme parks are often used to bribe students to behave well throughout the year. These are not very helpful for the students as they will not really learn anything there. Most museums are very boring and won't engage students, either. Teacher should think carefully about interactive, interesting but also educational places to take students. 

 

Read the first clause of the paragraph above, again.

"We can all see how good trips are for students" 

 

Why has the writer chosen to write this? Choose three possible reasons from the list below.

By using the plural "we" they are assuming that everyone agrees.

It shows that the rest of the argument has been really strong.

Not all trips are good.

If everyone agrees with the first part of the argument, they will all agree with the rest of it.

Fun trips are better than boring ones.

Conclusion:

Overall, the experience of extra curricular trips is such that students need to have the opportunity to go on one at least once a term. Some schools already provide this, but many do not. If students are denied this chance they might 'switch off' from learning and be affected for the rest of their lives.

 

Which of the following words, taken from the text above, suggest that students are suffering if they do not go on trips?

"need" and "denied"

"might" and "lives"

"experience" and "provide"

  • Question 1

Read this paragraph and choose the best option to fill in the gap below.

 

Introduction:

Although each school is different, many seem to have a rule of organising one trip per year or even less. This is harmful as experiences outside school benefit students' learning as well as widening their perspective on life. As ______________________, I firmly believe that schools need to offer all students at least three trips per year to help them to learn and develop.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
a student myself
EDDIE SAYS
Although all three statements might be true, option one is not really relevent, and option three shows that the writer does not NEED school to provide trips for them. Therefore just simply stating that they are a student is the best option here.
  • Question 2

The benefits of trips:

There are several reasons why trips are so beneficial to students. Firstly, they bring to life an area which is being studied. This can improve exam results and improve students' chances later on in life. In addition, they can widen a young person's experience and perspective, enabling them to see, hear and do things which they have not had the chance to experience before. Finally, some students do not learn best in the classroom; trips give them the chance to prove what they can do, which gives them confidence in themselves. 

 

What is the name for the group of words we use in argument writing which includes:

Firstly, in addition and finally? Write your answer in the text box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
connectives
connective
conjunctions
conjunction
EDDIE SAYS
The words above are connectives. They connect ideas together; usually written at the beginning of a sentence to join that sentence to a previous sentence or paragraph.
You may have written conjunctions in the box. Conjunctions are words which connect two clauses together and are, therefore, usually found in the middle of sentences.
  • Question 3

Using ____________  ___________:

So, why isn't one trip a year enough? Even if we accept all of the benefits of trips we've talked about, why do students need three? There are a few reasons for this: students might be ill on the day of the trip. If there is only one trip, then they have to wait until the following year to get out of the classroom during school time. Also, a year in the life of a school-aged student is a long time, there is so much learning and development which goes on every day, week and month. To have to wait a whole year for a trip means missing out on many more opportunities which could benefit the student.

 

Which feature is used twice at the beginning of this paragraph? Write your answer in the text box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
rhetorical question
rhetorical questions
EDDIE SAYS
Rhetorical questions are used to make the reader think; it encourages them to ask themselves the questions and think about what their response would be.
  • Question 4

Including a counter-argument:

Although there are clear benefits to trips, many schools struggle to provide them because of cost. Even when the students pay some money towards the trip, the school often has to subsidise it so that it is cheap enough for lots of students to go. There are also those students who cannot afford to contribute and the school has to pay for them, too. Whilst this is a good point to make, cost should not stop schools organising trips. There are lots of cheap trips which schools can organise. For example, for a Science trip, students could go pond-dipping in a local river. For P.E. they could go walking in some hills for the day near to where the school is and for Art they could spend the morning at a free art gallery.

 

Which of the following points are made in this paragraph? Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
Trips can be expensive to run.
Trips don't have to be expensive.
Some students cannot afford to pay the cost of trips.
EDDIE SAYS
The counter-argument highlights the fact that not all schools can afford to send their pupils on class trips/not all pupils' families can afford to pay for them. However, the writer of this text then goes on to list some cheap or free alternatives, emphasising the point that school trips do not need to be expensive.
  • Question 5

Using emotive language:

Many students may have been brought up with a whole range of experiences from a very young age. They may have been regularly taken to museums, aquariums, zoos, the seaside, etc. But for other students, school trips are the only experience they ever have outside of their school and local area. For these students, school trips are not just nice, they are necessary in showing them what the wider world has to offer.

 

How does using italics for the words only and ever emphasise the emotive language in this paragraph?

CORRECT ANSWER
It makes us feel even more sorry for those students.
EDDIE SAYS
The emphasis based on the italicised words causes the reader to empathise with those students more.
  • Question 6

Development (inference):

We can all see how good trips are for students, but it is also important to think about what kind of trips are the best ones. 'Reward trips' such as theme parks are often used to bribe students to behave well throughout the year. These are not very helpful for the students as they will not really learn anything there. Most museums are very boring and won't engage students, either. Teacher should think carefully about interactive, interesting but also educational places to take students. 

 

Read the first clause of the paragraph above, again.

"We can all see how good trips are for students" 

 

Why has the writer chosen to write this? Choose three possible reasons from the list below.

CORRECT ANSWER
By using the plural "we" they are assuming that everyone agrees.
It shows that the rest of the argument has been really strong.
If everyone agrees with the first part of the argument, they will all agree with the rest of it.
EDDIE SAYS
By using the word 'we', the writer is enforcing their argument and causing the reader to feel included.
  • Question 7

Conclusion:

Overall, the experience of extra curricular trips is such that students need to have the opportunity to go on one at least once a term. Some schools already provide this, but many do not. If students are denied this chance they might 'switch off' from learning and be affected for the rest of their lives.

 

Which of the following words, taken from the text above, suggest that students are suffering if they do not go on trips?

CORRECT ANSWER
"need" and "denied"
EDDIE SAYS
The use of the word "need" suggests that it is necessary for students to go on school trips; not just desired.
---- OR ----

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