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Terminology: The Language of Poetry

In this activity, students study the terminology often associated with analysing poetry and poetic conventions.

'Terminology: The Language of Poetry' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:  Reading

Curriculum subtopic:  Poetic Convention Awareness

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Are there any words for talking about poetry that you find confusing?

Here is a brief guide to help you understand some of them:

accent: The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable.

alliteration: The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words, e.g. "fluffy flakes of falling snow".

assonance: The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, within a word, especially vowel sounds, e.g. "fleet feet sweep by sleeping geeks".

figure of speech: A verbal expression in which words or sounds are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect.

lyric: A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem may resemble a song in form or style.

meter: The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables.

metaphor: A figure of speech in which two things are compared, by saying one thing is another, e.g. The sea is an angry dog.

onomatopoeia: A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds, e.g. buzz, hiss, zing, clippety-clop, and tick-tock.

personification: A figure of speech in which things or abstract ideas are described like people, e.g. The autumn wind is a pirate.

quotation: Exact words taken from a poem, maybe when writing about it.

refrain (or chorus): A line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza.

rhyme: When the same or similar sounds are at the end of two or more words.

rhyming couplet: In a poem, a pair of lines that rhyme, are the same length, and form a complete thought.

rhythm: The beat of the poem, how the words are arranged in a pattern.

simile: A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word "like" or "as", e.g. as hot as mustard.

stanza: A verse of a poem.

sonnet: A lyric poem that is 14 lines long.

stress: See accent. The emphasis given to particular syllables. Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long, rather than short, vowels,

theme: What the poem is about or the message it is giving.

Sometimes in poetry the accent of a chosen word is important.  The accent of a word is the way we say it.

Here is an example:  

avoided

This word has 3 syllables - a-voi-ded

The accent falls on the 'voi' part of the word.

 

Firstly, say each of the words below out loud.

Then count the number of syllables in each word. 

Finally, write where the accent falls in each of these words. 

 Syllable containing accent
elephant
because
preferred
butter
computer
turnip

What type of verse is this?

There was a young lady of Ryde,

Who ate some green apples and died.

The apples fermented inside the lamented

And made cider inside 'er inside.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

 

 

What type of verse is this?

Glass balls and glowing lights.

Dead tree in living room.

Killed to honour birth.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

Who was the Poet Laureate in January 2012?

Write your answer in the text box below.  

 

 

What is a poem of fourteen lines usually called?

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

The road was a ribbon of moonlight.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

My love is like a red, red rose.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

The autumn wind was a pirate.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the box below. 

Choose the words in the list below that are examples of onomatopoeia. Three of the words use this device. 

Hissing

Walking

Pavement

Slushy

Traffic

Swishing

Read this line and name the poetic device that adds to its effect.

When deathly darkness dims the light of day.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the box below. 

 

 

  • Question 1

Sometimes in poetry the accent of a chosen word is important.  The accent of a word is the way we say it.

Here is an example:  

avoided

This word has 3 syllables - a-voi-ded

The accent falls on the 'voi' part of the word.

 

Firstly, say each of the words below out loud.

Then count the number of syllables in each word. 

Finally, write where the accent falls in each of these words. 

CORRECT ANSWER
 Syllable containing accent
elephant
because
preferred
butter
computer
turnip
EDDIE SAYS
When you say these words aloud, you can spot the accent by considering where you have placed the stress in the word.
  • Question 2

What type of verse is this?

There was a young lady of Ryde,

Who ate some green apples and died.

The apples fermented inside the lamented

And made cider inside 'er inside.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Limerick
EDDIE SAYS
A limerick is a witty and humorous type of poem that is typically 4-5 lines, which best describes the example poem.
  • Question 3

What type of verse is this?

Glass balls and glowing lights.

Dead tree in living room.

Killed to honour birth.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Haiku
EDDIE SAYS
A haiku is a type of Japanese verse characterised by images that are not normally associated being used together, which best describes the example poem.
  • Question 4

Who was the Poet Laureate in January 2012?

Write your answer in the text box below.  

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Carol Ann Duffy
Duffy
Carol Duffy
EDDIE SAYS
Carol Ann Duffy was the Poet Laureate in 2012.
She is a poet and playwright.
  • Question 5

What is a poem of fourteen lines usually called?

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Sonnet
EDDIE SAYS
A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem with each line containing 10 syllables.
  • Question 6

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

The road was a ribbon of moonlight.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Metaphor
EDDIE SAYS
This line is an example of a metaphor.
A metaphor describes a subject by defining it as similar to an otherwise unrelated object.
  • Question 7

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

My love is like a red, red rose.

 

Write your one-word answer in the text box below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
This line is an example of a simile.
A simile directly compares two objects or ideas using the words 'like' or 'as'.
  • Question 8

What poetic term or device could be used to describe this line?

The autumn wind was a pirate.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the box below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Personification
Metaphor
EDDIE SAYS
This line is both an example of a metaphor and personification.
A metaphor describes a subject by defining it as similar to an otherwise unrelated object.
Personification involves linking human characteristics to non-human things, which can include objects and animals.
  • Question 9

Choose the words in the list below that are examples of onomatopoeia. Three of the words use this device. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Hissing
Slushy
Swishing
EDDIE SAYS
Onomatopoeia is used in words which imitate a sound.
"Hissing", "Slushy" and "Swishing" all imitate the sound they are describing and so use onomatopoeia.
  • Question 10

Read this line and name the poetic device that adds to its effect.

When deathly darkness dims the light of day.

 

 

Write your one-word answer in the box below. 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Alliteration
EDDIE SAYS
This line uses alliteration to enhance its effect.
Alliteration is the repetition of identical initial consonant sounds within a group of words.
---- OR ----

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