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Consolidate Understanding of Apostrophes

In this worksheet, students will revise the use of the apostrophe in order to improve accuracy in punctuation in their own writing.

'Consolidate Understanding of Apostrophes' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Writing

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Accurate Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Button with an apostrophe on it

 

The apostrophe is used in two main ways.
 

The omission apostrophe

This kind of apostrophe shows that letters have been taken out of a word or phrase in order to shorten it. Omitting letters in this way is generally appropriate in informal writing or writing intended to be spoken aloud.

 
'Could not' becomes 'couldn't'
'Should have' becomes 'should've'
'It has' becomes 'it's'
'Will not' becomes 'won't'

The apostrophe always goes where the letters have been removed. It is worth noting that, in some cases, words can be shortened in irregular ways but an apostrophe should still be inserted. For example, will not becomes won't.
 


The possession apostrophe

An apostrophe can also be used to show belonging.

For example:

Sam's house
The dog's bone
The company's logo


The apostrophe is usually placed before the 's' when something is connected with one person (singular). However, if there were two dogs or more than one company (plural), the apostrophe would be placed after the 's'.

For example:

The dogs' bones
The companies' logos

 
For words which already end in the letter 's', it is technically correct to add an apostrophe and an extra 's'.

For example: Jones's Bakery or Thomas's car.
 


It's and Its:

Be careful with these two words as they can be confusing when it comes to apostrophes.

It's is a shortened version of it is.

Its is a possessive pronoun and does not have an apostrophe.

The owner took his dog for its walk.

 

Now it's time to consolidate what we've learned!

What are the two functions of an apostrophe? 

To shorten a word or phrase.

To show a pause in a sentence.

To indicate possession or belonging.

To signal that letters have been added.

To emphasise a word in a sentence.

Match each word with the correct description. Hover your mouse over the descriptions to see them in full.

Column A

Column B

Its
The shortened version of 'it is'
It's
Indicates possession

Look at the sentence below and identify which word is missing the apostrophe.

 

 

 

We werent allowed out after dark.

Tick the four correct contractions (shortened versions) of these phrases.

 

...should have

...is not

I will...

...have not

Shoul'dve

Should've

Isn't

Is'nt

I'll

'Ill

Have'nt

Haven't

Look at the sentence below and identify any words with apostrophe errors.

 

 

Im going over to Laurens\' house.

Identify the correct word that fill the gap in the sentence below, indicating that there is more than one girl (plural).

 

The ______ playroom.

girl's

girls

girls'

girls's

Look at the sentence below. Which words need to be changed in order for the sentence to include an omission apostrophe.

 

 

 

I will not go to bed early.

Match each phrase with their correct contraction (shortened versions).

Column A

Column B

She would
She'd
Did not
They've
Who is
Didn't
They have
Who's

Look at the sentence below and identify the words that require apostrophes.

 

 

 

Im going to James party tonight.

Look at the sentence below, which words need to be shortened with an apostrophe?

 

 

 

It is sad that they have decided to move away.
  • Question 1

What are the two functions of an apostrophe? 

CORRECT ANSWER
To shorten a word or phrase.
To indicate possession or belonging.
EDDIE SAYS
The two functions of the apostrophe are to demonstrate that letters have been missed out when a word has been shortened and, to indicate belonging.
  • Question 2

Match each word with the correct description. Hover your mouse over the descriptions to see them in full.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Its
Indicates possession
It's
The shortened version of 'it is'
EDDIE SAYS
These words can cause confusion as apostrophes usually indicate possession or belonging, but the word 'its' is an exception to this rule.
  • Question 3

Look at the sentence below and identify which word is missing the apostrophe.

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
We werent allowed out after dark.

EDDIE SAYS
Here, the words 'were not' should have been shortened to 'weren't'. The missing apostrophe should have been placed where the letter 'o' was been removed.
  • Question 4

Tick the four correct contractions (shortened versions) of these phrases.

 

...should have

...is not

I will...

...have not

CORRECT ANSWER
Should've
Isn't
I'll
Haven't
EDDIE SAYS
The rule here is to remember that the apostrophe should be placed where the missing letters were. 'Should have' becomes 'should've'. 'Is not' becomes 'isn't'. 'I will' becomes 'I'll'. 'Have not' becomes 'haven't'.
  • Question 5

Look at the sentence below and identify any words with apostrophe errors.

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Im going over to Laurens' house.
EDDIE SAYS
'I am' should have been shortened to 'I'm' with an apostrophe and the house belongs to Lauren which means that the apostrophe must be inserted before the letter 's'. Great focus! You're halfway through the activity.
  • Question 6

Identify the correct word that fill the gap in the sentence below, indicating that there is more than one girl (plural).

 

The ______ playroom.

CORRECT ANSWER
girls'
EDDIE SAYS
The apostrophe should be placed after the letter 's' (girls') because the playroom belongs to more than one girl. This was a tricky one. Don't worry if you struggled and a special well done if you got it right!
  • Question 7

Look at the sentence below. Which words need to be changed in order for the sentence to include an omission apostrophe.

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
I will not go to bed early.
EDDIE SAYS
The words 'will not' could be shortened, in an irregular way, to 'won't'.
  • Question 8

Match each phrase with their correct contraction (shortened versions).

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

She would
She'd
Did not
Didn't
Who is
Who's
They have
They've
EDDIE SAYS
The apostrophe is always placed where a letter or letters have been removed. Follow this rule and you won't get confused about where the apostrophe should be placed.
  • Question 9

Look at the sentence below and identify the words that require apostrophes.

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Im going to James party tonight.

EDDIE SAYS
'Im' should be changed to 'I'm' as it is a contraction of 'I am'. 'James' needs to be altered to 'James's' as it's his party and his name ends in the letter 's'. However, it's also acceptable to write 'James'' without an extra 's'.
  • Question 10

Look at the sentence below, which words need to be shortened with an apostrophe?

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
It is sad that they have decided to move away.
EDDIE SAYS
'It is' can be shortened to 'it's' and 'they have' can be shortened to 'they've'. Great focus, that’s another activity completed!
---- OR ----

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