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Nutrition 1

In this worksheet, students will test their understanding of the foods belonging to the main food groups needed for a balanced, healthy diet.

'Nutrition 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Nutrition

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A balanced diet means eating a variety of foods from different food groups.

 

Food Pyramid

 

We need to eat:

sugars to give us instant energy

- starchy foods, like bread and cereal, for slowly released energy

- protein foods for growth

- fruit and vegetables to keep us healthy

 

The biggest part of our diet should be made up of fruit and vegetablesProtein foods include meat, fish and eggs and beans. Foods rich in fats and sugars should not be eaten too often because they contain lots of calories which our bodies store as fat.

 

Use that information as you explore this worksheet.

Which food group does cod belong to?

starchy foods

protein foods

fatty foods

foods high in sugar

foods containing vitamins

Which food group do potatoes and pasta belong to?

fruit and vegetables

fatty, oily foods

protein foods

foods high in sugar

starchy foods

Choose THREE of the following foods which also belong in the 'starchy foods' group:

corn flakes

pitta bread

beef burger

rice

cucumber

Cup cakes belong to the food group containing which one of the following?

protein

fibre

sugar

starch

vitamins

Choose THREE foods from the list below which can be described as containing fats.

olive oil

cheese

parsnip

butter

celery

Charlie wants to know why FIVE portions of different fruit and vegetables every day keep us healthy.

 

Select THREE important substances found in fruit and vegetables?

sugar

vitamins

minerals

starch

fibre

What do some fizzy drinks contain which makes them unhealthy if we drink them too often?

bubbles

sugar

chemicals

Select TWO things which could happen to our bodies if we choose sweet, sugary drinks.

put on weight

lose weight

more healthy

tooth decay

headaches

Is the following statement true or false?

 

In science, diet means all the foods we eat.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

A portion of fruit or vegetables is measured roughly as a handful.  

true

false

  • Question 1

Which food group does cod belong to?

CORRECT ANSWER
protein foods
EDDIE SAYS
Fish is a good source of muscle building food.
  • Question 2

Which food group do potatoes and pasta belong to?

CORRECT ANSWER
starchy foods
EDDIE SAYS
Potatoes and pasta are starchy foods which give us slowly released energy for exercise. They take longer to digest than 'instant energy'sugary foods.
  • Question 3

Choose THREE of the following foods which also belong in the 'starchy foods' group:

CORRECT ANSWER
corn flakes
pitta bread
rice
EDDIE SAYS
Corn flakes, pitta bread and rice are starchy foods; good for energy. Beef burgers contain protein, whereas cucumber rehydrates the body and replenishes daily vitamins.
  • Question 4

Cup cakes belong to the food group containing which one of the following?

CORRECT ANSWER
sugar
EDDIE SAYS
Cup cakes contain a lot of sugar and should only be eaten from time to time as part of a balanced diet!
  • Question 5

Choose THREE foods from the list below which can be described as containing fats.

CORRECT ANSWER
olive oil
cheese
butter
EDDIE SAYS
Fatty foods give us energy and are an important part of a healthy diet when eaten sparingly.
  • Question 6

Charlie wants to know why FIVE portions of different fruit and vegetables every day keep us healthy.

 

Select THREE important substances found in fruit and vegetables?

CORRECT ANSWER
vitamins
minerals
fibre
EDDIE SAYS
Fruit and vegetables contain important substances called vitamins and minerals, for example vitamin C. To keep our insides healthy we need to eat fibre which is also present in fruit and vegetables.
  • Question 7

What do some fizzy drinks contain which makes them unhealthy if we drink them too often?

CORRECT ANSWER
sugar
chemicals
EDDIE SAYS
Fizzy drinks are unhealthy, because they contain a lot of sugar. Too much sugar is not good for us, so we should avoid drinking them too often. You will also learn that fizzy drinks usually contain harmful chemicals.
  • Question 8

Select TWO things which could happen to our bodies if we choose sweet, sugary drinks.

CORRECT ANSWER
put on weight
tooth decay
EDDIE SAYS
Sweet drinks should be drunk sparingly as part of a balanced diet because the energy we do not use can be stored as fat in our bodies. Sugary drinks can also cause tooth decay.
  • Question 9

Is the following statement true or false?

 

In science, diet means all the foods we eat.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
The statement is correct. Usually, the word 'diet' is used by the media as the food we eat to lose weight. In science the word is used to describe all the types of food we eat, how often and in what amount.
  • Question 10

Is the following statement true or false?

 

A portion of fruit or vegetables is measured roughly as a handful.  

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
A good way to work out a healthy portion is to use a 'handful' as a measure!
---- OR ----

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