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Nutrition 3

Students answer questions about food groups and their function in a balanced diet.

'Nutrition 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Nutrition

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Balanced diets must contain the right amounts of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, fibre and water

Our bodies use these different kinds of food for growth, energy and health. Diets lacking in some food types, or containing too much from one food group can seriously affect our health.

Foods high in the following nutrients give us energy.  Choose TWO options from the list below.

protein

fats and oils

vitamins and minerals

carbohydrates

Carbohydrates can be divided into two groups. What are they?

sugar and starch

fruits and vegetables

Ali is a cross-country runner.

Look at the list of foods below.  Which THREE foods would you recommend as part of his balanced diet to provide him with energy?

pitta bread

spaghetti

cucumber

potatoes

sausages

After exercise, Ali needs an instant energy boost. Which THREE foods from this list below can he digest quickly to provide energy? 

jam sandwich

carrot cake

carrot

egg

flapjack

Exercising makes our bodies hot. We sweat to cool us down. As part of Ali's recovery after running, what else must he do?

drink water

have a shower

Vitamins are substances which are essential for good health. A large proportion of our diet should, therefore, be made up of which foods? 

fruit and vegetables

carbohydrates

protein

Scientists identified a disease that makes teeth fall out, gums bleed and legs swell up! They discovered that this was due to a lack of vitamin C in the diet. 

 

Which THREE foods in this list are rich in vitamin C and would, therefore, prevent this disease? 

orange

rice

lemon

chocolate

lime

Part of what we eat cannot be digested and passes straight through our bodies! This special material is needed to keep our gut / insides healthy. 

 

From the list below, first select the name of this special substance, and then select which foods provide our bodies with it.

fibre

carbohydrate

sugary foods

fruits and vegetables

Mammals produce milk for their babies. This food is rich in protein and calcium. Select which options explain why baby mammals need these two nutrients.

development of bones and teeth

for growth

for energy

As we grow, we also need protein foods. Choose THREE proteins from this list below. 

beans

fish

turnip

minced beef

margarine

  • Question 1

Foods high in the following nutrients give us energy.  Choose TWO options from the list below.

CORRECT ANSWER
fats and oils
carbohydrates
EDDIE SAYS
During digestion fats and carbohydrates are broken down into small food molecules that are used by the muscles to make energy.
  • Question 2

Carbohydrates can be divided into two groups. What are they?

CORRECT ANSWER
sugar and starch
EDDIE SAYS
Sugary, sweet foods can be digested quickly and provide instant energy. Starchy foods include rice, pasta, potatoes and bread. The bigger molecules in starches take longer to digest - these are slow release energy foods.
  • Question 3

Ali is a cross-country runner.

Look at the list of foods below.  Which THREE foods would you recommend as part of his balanced diet to provide him with energy?

CORRECT ANSWER
pitta bread
spaghetti
potatoes
EDDIE SAYS
Foods high in starch slowly release their energy to keep Ali running.
  • Question 4

After exercise, Ali needs an instant energy boost. Which THREE foods from this list below can he digest quickly to provide energy? 

CORRECT ANSWER
jam sandwich
carrot cake
flapjack
EDDIE SAYS
Jam and cake are high in sugar. Flapjack is also high in sugar, as well as starchy oats.
  • Question 5

Exercising makes our bodies hot. We sweat to cool us down. As part of Ali's recovery after running, what else must he do?

CORRECT ANSWER
drink water
EDDIE SAYS
The water lost through sweating is replaced by drinking water. This is called rehydrating.
  • Question 6

Vitamins are substances which are essential for good health. A large proportion of our diet should, therefore, be made up of which foods? 

CORRECT ANSWER
fruit and vegetables
EDDIE SAYS
Fruit and vegetables contain vitamins for good health.
  • Question 7

Scientists identified a disease that makes teeth fall out, gums bleed and legs swell up! They discovered that this was due to a lack of vitamin C in the diet. 

 

Which THREE foods in this list are rich in vitamin C and would, therefore, prevent this disease? 

CORRECT ANSWER
orange
lemon
lime
EDDIE SAYS
Fresh citrus fruits are an excellent source of Vitamin C.
  • Question 8

Part of what we eat cannot be digested and passes straight through our bodies! This special material is needed to keep our gut / insides healthy. 

 

From the list below, first select the name of this special substance, and then select which foods provide our bodies with it.

CORRECT ANSWER
fibre
fruits and vegetables
EDDIE SAYS
Foods made with the whole grain, eg brown bread and bran cereals, contain a lot of fibre. Vegetables and fruit are a good source of fibre too.
  • Question 9

Mammals produce milk for their babies. This food is rich in protein and calcium. Select which options explain why baby mammals need these two nutrients.

CORRECT ANSWER
development of bones and teeth
for growth
for energy
EDDIE SAYS
Protein foods are needed for growth. Milk has a lot of protein; it also contains carbohydrates, good for energy. Calcium is a mineral which builds strong bones and teeth; there is plenty of it in milk.All three options are correct!
  • Question 10

As we grow, we also need protein foods. Choose THREE proteins from this list below. 

CORRECT ANSWER
beans
fish
minced beef
EDDIE SAYS
As well as meat, fish and eggs, beans and pulses (peas, lentils etc) are good sources of protein.
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