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Reading Non-Fiction: Swimming

In this worksheet, students read an article and analyse the techniques used and how effective they are.

'Reading Non-Fiction: Swimming' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Reading

Curriculum subtopic:   Support Comprehension Through Knowledge

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Read this article, written by a student for their secondary school newspaper.

 

 

More swimming lessons in school-time!

 

For ages, my friends and I have asked why P.E. seems squeezed out of the curriculum; as if it is a second-class subject to more 'academic' ones like Maths and Science. Even when we do P.E. and lessons are not cancelled in exam periods or for other 'more important' things, we only get to go swimming in year 7 for half a term. That's six lessons. Six lessons in five years. How stupid is that?

I asked Mrs Brute, head of P.E. in our school, why this was the case. She said that “Swimming lessons are expensive and older students often don't want to go. Rather than waste money, we bought three trampolines for the sports hall instead.” A good answer, you might think. But ask yourselves this: is a trampoline likely to save your life?

 

A recent survey for the Amateur Swimming Association discovered that 51% of seven- to 11-year-olds could not even swim the length of a standard pool. I know this is talking about primary school students, but if we get barely any lessons in secondary school, how are we supposed to improve on this? There are three main reasons why we need more swimming lessons:

  • Exercise. To combat obesity. This is a major problem amongst teenagers today.
  • Lifesaving skills. We live on an island, we go to the beach or use swimming pools on holiday.
  • Cost. Yes, it may be expensive for the school, but it is MORE expensive for us out of school. Schools have budgets for stuff like this. We don't need any more trampolines!

 

So fight with us to stay healthy - sign our petition today!

 

 

 

In this worksheet you must answer questions based on the extract above. If you need to read the extract again, you can do so by clicking on the Help button.

The writer uses some informal words and phrases. Match up the informal language they have chosen with the formal equivalent.

Column A

Column B

talking about
referring to
friends
sidelined
stupid
unintelligent
stuff like this
peers
squeezed out
activities

Why does the writer choose to use some informal words or phrases in the article?

to fit the layout

to fit the purpose

to fit the audience

Which literary technique is included in each of the three paragraphs? Write the two missing words in the answer box below.

 

They all have a r__________ q___________ in them.

Read this student's work. Choose the best quotation for them to use. 

 

The writer uses repetition to emphasise his or her point: _______________________.

That's six lessons. Six lessons in five years.

I asked Mrs Brute, head of P.E. in our school...

Exercise. To combat obesity.

The writer quotes a reliable source:

A recent survey for the Amateur Swimming Association discovered that 51% of seven- to 11-year-olds could not even swim the length of a standard pool.

 

Why have they chosen to include this? Choose THREE options.

Because it rhymes

Because it was on the news

To support their argument

To help persuade teachers

So that adults will listen to them

The writer uses a list of three reasons, with bullet points. When we analyse this part we are looking at the l_________ of the text.

 

Write the entire missing word in the answer box below.

 The writer includes a quotation from Mrs Brute, head of P.E. Why have they chosen to do this? Choose THREE options.

So they can counter her points and make her look silly.

Because she is also good at swimming.

So the article looks more balanced.

Because it is a rhetorical question.

To allow her to defend the decision.

The writer uses personal pronouns throughout the article. For more of it they use 'I' and 'you', but in the last line, this changes:

So fight with us to stay healthy - sign our petition today!

 

Why do they use 'us' and 'our' when they talk about the petition?

 

It makes it more informal.

It suggests there is a group of you so it is more likely to change things.

Because they wanted to use rule of three.

Imagine that you had to write a reply to this article from the governors of the school. Which THREE main points would you use to argue that things should stay as they are, and no extra swimming lessons should be added?

They are expensive.

Students might get verrucas.

Students might get their hair wet.

Students might truant or be 'ill' to avoid it.

Other sports will not get covered in P.E.

Read this student's work and write the whole of the missing word in the answer box below:

 

Although most of the article is serious in tone, there are times when the writer tries to engage with the reader through using h_____________.: "A good answer, you might think. But ask yourselves this: is a trampoline likely to save your life?". 

  • Question 1

The writer uses some informal words and phrases. Match up the informal language they have chosen with the formal equivalent.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

talking about
referring to
friends
peers
stupid
unintelligent
stuff like this
activities
squeezed out
sidelined
  • Question 2

Why does the writer choose to use some informal words or phrases in the article?

CORRECT ANSWER
to fit the audience
EDDIE SAYS
The audience is young people in secondary school, so the writer uses informal language to appeal to them.
  • Question 3

Which literary technique is included in each of the three paragraphs? Write the two missing words in the answer box below.

 

They all have a r__________ q___________ in them.

CORRECT ANSWER
rhetorical question
  • Question 4

Read this student's work. Choose the best quotation for them to use. 

 

The writer uses repetition to emphasise his or her point: _______________________.

CORRECT ANSWER
That's six lessons. Six lessons in five years.
  • Question 5

The writer quotes a reliable source:

A recent survey for the Amateur Swimming Association discovered that 51% of seven- to 11-year-olds could not even swim the length of a standard pool.

 

Why have they chosen to include this? Choose THREE options.

CORRECT ANSWER
To support their argument
To help persuade teachers
So that adults will listen to them
  • Question 6

The writer uses a list of three reasons, with bullet points. When we analyse this part we are looking at the l_________ of the text.

 

Write the entire missing word in the answer box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
layout
  • Question 7

 The writer includes a quotation from Mrs Brute, head of P.E. Why have they chosen to do this? Choose THREE options.

CORRECT ANSWER
So they can counter her points and make her look silly.
So the article looks more balanced.
To allow her to defend the decision.
  • Question 8

The writer uses personal pronouns throughout the article. For more of it they use 'I' and 'you', but in the last line, this changes:

So fight with us to stay healthy - sign our petition today!

 

Why do they use 'us' and 'our' when they talk about the petition?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
It suggests there is a group of you so it is more likely to change things.
  • Question 9

Imagine that you had to write a reply to this article from the governors of the school. Which THREE main points would you use to argue that things should stay as they are, and no extra swimming lessons should be added?

CORRECT ANSWER
They are expensive.
Students might truant or be 'ill' to avoid it.
Other sports will not get covered in P.E.
  • Question 10

Read this student's work and write the whole of the missing word in the answer box below:

 

Although most of the article is serious in tone, there are times when the writer tries to engage with the reader through using h_____________.: "A good answer, you might think. But ask yourselves this: is a trampoline likely to save your life?". 

CORRECT ANSWER
humour
EDDIE SAYS
The writer uses humour to appeal to the younger audience.
---- OR ----

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