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Understanding and Using Word Endings

In this worksheet, students will rehearse how to accurately use different word endings, known as suffixes. Words with a variety of suffixes are included in the SATs SPAG test.

'Understanding and Using Word Endings' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Exam-Style Questions: SATs English

Curriculum subtopic:   Exam-Style Questions: Spellings

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Welcome to this SPAG Practice Spelling activity.

 

In this activity, you will practice how to use a variety of word endings accurately.

 

The ending of a word can also be called a suffix.

 

In the SPAG Spelling test, you will be expected to be able to correctly spell a range of words with different endings.

 

These endings are:

  • cious/tious
  • cial/tial
  • ant/ance/ancy
  • ent/ence/ency
  • able/ably
  • ible/ibly​
  • ferred/ferral/ferance

 

During the test, when you are asked to spell a word you don't know, there are a number of tricks you can use to help you have a go...

 

1. Split the word up into syllables.

 

For example:

Nonsense = Non/sense

Coincidence = Co/in/ci/dence

 

2. Look, Cover, Write and Check

 

This was probably one of the first tricks you learned when beginning to spell.

 

Have a look at the word shoulder, use these top tips below to help you learn to spell this word correctly.

 

eye 

 

Look at the shape of the word, notice which letters are taller and which ones are shorter.

 

 

mouth

 

Say the word aloud, what sounds can you hear?  

Repeat the word a few times so you can really hear each sound clearly.

 

 

 

Cover up the word. You can put your hand over the top of the word, or simply close your eyes.

Now you can see the word in your mind. Maybe you can write it in the air using your favourite colour?

Open your eyes to check. Have you spelt it correctly?

 

In the spelling part of your SPAG test, your teacher will read aloud 20 different words for you to write down. 

The 20 words will fit into sentences on your test paper, with a gap for the spelling.

We would advise that you print your letters for this test so the marker can easily read your answer.

 

Over to you now to practice using some of the spellings that may pop up!

You may be asked a question that involves a word ending in 'cious' or 'tious'.

 

Can you decide whether the words below need either 'cious' or 'tious' to be added in?

Below is a list of words taken from Sam's spelling test.

 

Sam has done extremely well and only made one error!

 

Can you select the incorrect spelling?

 

cautious

fictitious

nutricious

conscious

Words ending in able/ably are commonly used in our written and spoken language.

 

Below is a list of words using either the suffix 'able' or 'ably', can you select only the words that are spelt correctly?

 

changeable

applicably

legable

horrable

Below are some sentences with a missing word.

 

Can you insert the words that use the suffix 'able' or 'ably' into the correct place?

 

adorable     applicable     noticeable

 

changeable

applicably

legable

horrable

Another very common word ending and one that could appear in your spelling test is 'ible/ibly'.

 

Can you fit either 'ible' or 'ibly' into the words below?

 

Read each sentence aloud to help you choose the correct ending.

 

changeable

applicably

legable

horrable

Freya has worked extremely hard to practice her spellings but has unfortunately made one error.

 

Can you select the word she has incorrectly spelt?

 

Forcible

Invincible

Flexable

Convertible

You will often encounter words that end in 'ance/ancy'. 

 

The weak vowel sound in the final syllable is spelt with the letter 'a'.

 

Can you insert these words using 'ance' into the sentences below?

 

fragrance     allowance     reluctance

 

Forcible

Invincible

Flexable

Convertible

Sometimes it can be tricky to decide whether to add 'ance' or 'ence' onto the end of a word.

 

Say the word aloud and break it down into syllables to help you.

 

Can you add the correct ending to the incomplete words?

 

Just write the ending/ the missing letters.

 

Forcible

Invincible

Flexable

Convertible

Another word list included in the Year 6 SPAG test are words ending in 'cial' and 'tial'.

 

Can you insert the correct suffix into the words below?

 

Forcible

Invincible

Flexable

Convertible

Nina has written the following sentence in a recent test.

 

Undoubtedly he prefer__ cake to vegetables!

 

Should she use the spelling 'prefered' or 'preferred' to correctly complete her sentence?

 

prefered

preferred

  • Question 1

You may be asked a question that involves a word ending in 'cious' or 'tious'.

 

Can you decide whether the words below need either 'cious' or 'tious' to be added in?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do on this first question? Read each sentence through at least twice and try both of the possible endings. This should help you to find the correct spelling. These words are quite difficult to spell but luckily not very common!
  • Question 2

Below is a list of words taken from Sam's spelling test.

 

Sam has done extremely well and only made one error!

 

Can you select the incorrect spelling?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
nutricious
EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot that option 3 is incorrectly spelt? Instead of the 'cious' ending, it should have the 'tious' ending and look like this: nutritious.
  • Question 3

Words ending in able/ably are commonly used in our written and spoken language.

 

Below is a list of words using either the suffix 'able' or 'ably', can you select only the words that are spelt correctly?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
changeable
applicably
EDDIE SAYS
You're making great progress! Did you spot that options 3 and 4 are incorrectly spelt? Correctly spelt, they look like this: 'legible' and 'horrible'. Instead of using the 'able' ending, we use 'ible'.
  • Question 4

Below are some sentences with a missing word.

 

Can you insert the words that use the suffix 'able' or 'ably' into the correct place?

 

adorable     applicable     noticeable

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Is this becoming less daunting? Being able to use words in the correct context is a key skill for your spelling test. When we consider it, we really do use a lot of words ending in 'able/ably'.
  • Question 5

Another very common word ending and one that could appear in your spelling test is 'ible/ibly'.

 

Can you fit either 'ible' or 'ibly' into the words below?

 

Read each sentence aloud to help you choose the correct ending.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Keep up the great work, there was a lot to think about here! Remember to sound out each word and break it into syllables; that should stop you from confusing 'ible' and 'able' with one another.
  • Question 6

Freya has worked extremely hard to practice her spellings but has unfortunately made one error.

 

Can you select the word she has incorrectly spelt?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Flexable
EDDIE SAYS
Is this spelling task getting easier? The incorrect spelling is option 3, instead of the 'able' ending, it should be spelt as 'flexible'. Keep going, you are over halfway through this activity- well done!
  • Question 7

You will often encounter words that end in 'ance/ancy'. 

 

The weak vowel sound in the final syllable is spelt with the letter 'a'.

 

Can you insert these words using 'ance' into the sentences below?

 

fragrance     allowance     reluctance

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How are you doing? By inserting these words into the correct sentence and context, you doing super preparation for your SATS spelling test. You are also greatly expanding your vocabulary!
  • Question 8

Sometimes it can be tricky to decide whether to add 'ance' or 'ence' onto the end of a word.

 

Say the word aloud and break it down into syllables to help you.

 

Can you add the correct ending to the incomplete words?

 

Just write the ending/ the missing letters.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Don't panic if you found this difficult, the endings are very similar! This is how the short passage should read: Sean ran along the path, full of confidence. He had no idea how much distance he had covered. Keep up the great work!
  • Question 9

Another word list included in the Year 6 SPAG test are words ending in 'cial' and 'tial'.

 

Can you insert the correct suffix into the words below?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to choose the correct ending for each word? Try to remember that if the stem of the word ends in a vowel, use suffix 'cial' to make it an adjective. If the stem of the word ends in a consonant, use suffix 'tial' to make it an adjective.
  • Question 10

Nina has written the following sentence in a recent test.

 

Undoubtedly he prefer__ cake to vegetables!

 

Should she use the spelling 'prefered' or 'preferred' to correctly complete her sentence?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
preferred
EDDIE SAYS
Nice job if you chose 'preferred'. This is one of the unusual cases in which a letter has to be added to the root word before the suffix can be added. Prefer = preferred. Great focus! That's another activity completed!
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