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Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 2

In this worksheet, students practise changing sentences into the passive and from the passive.

'Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:   Passive Verb Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In an active sentence, the subject is carrying out the action.

for example:

The children climbed the tree. 

 

 

In this sentence, the children are doing the climbing, so it is an active sentence.

 

In a passive sentence, the subject receives the action.

for example:

The tree was climbed by the children.

 

The subject (the tree) is not doing the climbing, but being climbed, so it is a passive sentence.

Is the following sentence passive or active?

 

The mouse ate the cheese.

Passive

Active

Claire has changed the sentence:

 

Jack washed the car.

 

To become a passive sentence:

 

The car was washed by Jack.

 

Is Claire right?

Correct

Incorrect

Lawrence tries to change the following active sentence into a passive sentence.

 

Ahmed gave Sid a present.

 

This is what he wrote:

 

Sid gave Ahmed a present.

 

Is Lawrence correct?

Correct

Incorrect

Can you change the following active sentence into a passive sentence?

 

The school caretaker painted the white lines on the running track.

 

We've included some words to help you out!

Correct

Incorrect

Is the sentence below passive or active?

 

Joanna did the washing up.

Passive

Active

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The house was built by my uncle.

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The window was broken by Paul.

In the active sentence below, underline the subject?

Tommy scored the goal.

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The race was won by Usain Bolt.

What is the subject in the passive sentence below?

A competition was won by my brother.
  • Question 1

Is the following sentence passive or active?

 

The mouse ate the cheese.

CORRECT ANSWER
Active
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this first question? To make a sentence active the subject needs to be doing the action. In this example, the mouse is the subject and it is doing the action, i.e eating the cheese.
  • Question 2

Claire has changed the sentence:

 

Jack washed the car.

 

To become a passive sentence:

 

The car was washed by Jack.

 

Is Claire right?

CORRECT ANSWER
Correct
EDDIE SAYS
In this activity, we need to think of active sentences as those where someone is taking action. It is helpful to identify the action in the sentence first. In this example what is happening? 'Jack' is washing the car, (active) we need to show that the action is being done to the subject of the sentence. So, we need to bring the car to the start of the sentence to make it our subject and explain what is being done to it and by who.
  • Question 3

Lawrence tries to change the following active sentence into a passive sentence.

 

Ahmed gave Sid a present.

 

This is what he wrote:

 

Sid gave Ahmed a present.

 

Is Lawrence correct?

CORRECT ANSWER
Incorrect
EDDIE SAYS
Are you getting the hang of this? Lawrence has just changed the active sentence to another active sentence and changed the receiver and giver of the gifts around. This does not make a sentence passive! 'Sid was given a present by Ahmed' would make this a passive sentence. Remember a sentence is passive when the subject of the sentence has an action done to them by something or someone. 'Sid' needs to become the subject of the sentence. Keep going!
  • Question 4

Can you change the following active sentence into a passive sentence?

 

The school caretaker painted the white lines on the running track.

 

We've included some words to help you out!

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it right? The 'white lines' become the subject. The action of being painted is done to them by the caretaker.
  • Question 5

Is the sentence below passive or active?

 

Joanna did the washing up.

CORRECT ANSWER
Active
EDDIE SAYS
It's an active sentence! Remember an active sentence is when the subject is performing the action. In this case, Joanna is as she washes away!
  • Question 6

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The house was built by my uncle.

CORRECT ANSWER
My uncle built the house.
My uncle built the house
EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot the swap around here? An active sentence is when the subject is the one carrying out the action. In this example, we need to show that the 'uncle' has performed the action 'built the house'. Did you remember to punctuate correctly? Full stops are important at the end of sentences!
  • Question 7

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The window was broken by Paul.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
You've got this! 'Paul' becomes our subject and he performs the action of 'breaking the window'.
  • Question 8

In the active sentence below, underline the subject?

CORRECT ANSWER
Tommy scored the goal.
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! Did you get it right? Our subject needs to perform the action. 'Tommy' performs the action 'scores a goal'.
  • Question 9

Change the following passive sentence into an active sentence.

 

The race was won by Usain Bolt.

CORRECT ANSWER
Usain Bolt won the race.
Usain Bolt won the race
EDDIE SAYS
Nearly there well done! Again, think about the action. Identify what it is and decide who has performed it. 'Usain Bolt' is our subject. The sentence becomes active as he wins the race.
  • Question 10

What is the subject in the passive sentence below?

CORRECT ANSWER
A competition was won by my brother.
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? A 'competition' is the subject in this passive sentence. The competition is not doing anything. This makes the sentence passive.
---- OR ----

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