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Properties of Materials

Introducing some of the different properties found in various materials.

'Properties of Materials' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Curriculum topic:  Uses of Everyday Materials

Curriculum subtopic:  Suitability for Purpose

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Materials are substances from which we make other things. We make use of a huge variety of materials in many different ways to make the objects that we use everyday. We use wood to make tables and chairs, wool to make clothes, metals to make cars, stone to make houses, and so on. How do we decide which material to use for each job? We choose our materials by looking at their properties. Wood, for example, is a material with several properties that make it good to work with. Can you think what some of them might be?

In this worksheet you can test your knowledge of materials and their properties.

Some materials are natural, which means we can find them in nature and begin to use them as they are. Which of these materials are natural materials?

glass

plastic

wood

steel

wool

stone

Which of these materials can you see through?

iron

wood

glass

clear plastic

cardboard

clay

Why are glass and clear plastic good materials for making bottles?

they are fairly easy to shape

they keep what's inside the bottle cool

the allow you to see what's inside the bottle

they are fairly cheap to make

they stop the contents of the bottle from spoiling

Which of these materials is hard?

cotton

wood

paper

metal

wool

stone

Which of these materials would you use to mop up spilled milk?

a plastic sheet

wood shavings

paper towels

metal foil

a cloth

sand

Where do we get metals from?

from outer space

from under the sea

from rocks called ores

You are given a material to look at. It is strong and feels heavy. It is shiny and it rings when you hit it. What material is it?

wood

plastic

glass

metal

rubber

  • Question 1

Some materials are natural, which means we can find them in nature and begin to use them as they are. Which of these materials are natural materials?

CORRECT ANSWER
wood
wool
stone
EDDIE SAYS
Wood, wool and stone can all be found naturally and just have to be cleaned and shaped for use. We have to make the other materials before we can use them.
  • Question 2

Which of these materials can you see through?

CORRECT ANSWER
glass
clear plastic
EDDIE SAYS
A material that you can see through is said to be transparent.
  • Question 3

Why are glass and clear plastic good materials for making bottles?

CORRECT ANSWER
they are fairly easy to shape
the allow you to see what's inside the bottle
they are fairly cheap to make
EDDIE SAYS
Glass and plastic are both materials that are easy to make and shape. They can both be made transparent so you see the contents easily.
  • Question 4

Which of these materials is hard?

CORRECT ANSWER
wood
metal
stone
  • Question 5

Which of these materials would you use to mop up spilled milk?

CORRECT ANSWER
paper towels
a cloth
EDDIE SAYS
Paper towels or a cloth would be best for mopping up a spill. Materials that are good at soaking up liquids are said to be absorbent.
  • Question 6

Where do we get metals from?

CORRECT ANSWER
from rocks called ores
EDDIE SAYS
Most of the metals we use come from rocky ores. It takes very high temperatures to get metal from ores.
  • Question 7

You are given a material to look at. It is strong and feels heavy. It is shiny and it rings when you hit it. What material is it?

CORRECT ANSWER
metal
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