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Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 3

In this worksheet, students identify how to change sentences into a passive structure.

'Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:   Passive Verb Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Welcome to this new worksheet! In this activity, you will learn how to change sentences so that they are passive.

 

1. In a passive sentence, the agent (the person or thing doing the action) is often left out.

For example:

Someone broke the window.

The window was broken.

 

broken window with shattered glass

 

2. We could write 'The window was broken by someone' but this sounds clumsy and doesn't add meaningful information to the sentence. Therefore, it's better to leave the extra wording (by someone) out.

 

3. Sometimes we know who the agent is but it's not important.

Competition winners will be notified in September.

In this sentence, it doesn't really matter who is doing the notifying, so this information can be left out.

 

4. The agent can also be left out of a passive sentence to build up suspense.

The door was pushed open slowly.

In this sentence, the author doesn't want the reader to know who is pushing open the door.

 

Now, let's put all this revision into practice. 

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

Someone smashed the vase.

The vase is smashed.

The dog smashed the vase.

The vase was knocked over by an angry child.

The vase was smashed by its owner.

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

They gave me an invitation to the party.

The vase is smashed.

The dog smashed the vase.

The vase was knocked over by an angry child.

The vase was smashed by its owner.

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

They are building a new cinema in our town.

A new cinema is being built in our town.

Michael's uncle is building a new cinema in our town.

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

Someone stole the diamond tiara from the exhibition.

 

The diamond tiara was stolen from the exhibition.

A burglar stole the diamond tiara from the exhibition.

Can you identify the passive and active sentence below?

Column A

Column B

Dogs are not allowed in the park.
Passive sentence without an agent
They don't allow dogs in the park.
Active sentence with an agent

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

Someone stole the trophy from the display cabinet.

The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet by someone.

The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet.

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is most informative?

 

The vet saved the kitten's life.

The kitten's life was saved.

The kitten's life was saved by the vet.

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

They won't allow us to ride our bikes in the park.

We are not allowed to ride our bikes in the park.

We are not allowed by them to ride our bikes in the park.

A passive sentence without an agent has been used in this passage to help build up suspense. Which sentence is it?

 

A door banged. Jemima jumped. She had thought she was alone in the building, but it seemed that someone or something else was there. She tiptoed across the room and hid in the corner, holding her breath. Suddenly the curtains were blown wide open. Moonlight streamed into the room, making everything look ghostly and sinister.

Sentence 1

Sentence 2

Sentence 3

Sentence 4

Sentence 5

Sentence 6

passive sentence has been used in this passage where the agent of the action is not important. Which sentence is it?

 

If you are interested in applying for tickets please send your details to the following address. You will then be sent an application form. Please fill this in and return it by the end of the month.

Sentence 1

Sentence 2

Sentence 3

  • Question 1

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

Someone smashed the vase.

CORRECT ANSWER
The vase is smashed.
EDDIE SAYS
In a passive sentence, the subject has an action done to them by someone or something. In this example, it is not important to include who that person or thing was, so it can be left out. We just need to explain what has happened. 'The vase' our subject, is 'smashed'.
  • Question 2

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

They gave me an invitation to the party.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! Look for the action that is being performed. In this example, the action is 'given an invitation' and 'I' becomes the subject. Our subject then recieves the action, not performing it. This makes the sentence passive.
  • Question 3

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

They are building a new cinema in our town.

CORRECT ANSWER
A new cinema is being built in our town.
EDDIE SAYS
Remember, you only need to explain the action that is being done. The cinema needs to be the subject of the sentence rather than the person building it. You can leave out who is performing the action as we are making the sentence passive.
  • Question 4

How would we change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent?

 

Someone stole the diamond tiara from the exhibition.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The diamond tiara was stolen from the exhibition.
EDDIE SAYS
Think about what or who (the object) is having something done to it or them. This becomes the subject of the sentence. In this case, the 'diamond tiara' becomes the subject. You can then explain the action being done to it.
  • Question 5

Can you identify the passive and active sentence below?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Dogs are not allowed in the park.
Passive sentence without an agent
They don't allow dogs in the park...
Active sentence with an agent
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! In the passive sentence, we leave out 'they' as this does not provide important information. To make the sentence passive 'Dogs' becomes the subject and 'not allowed' is the action being done to them. In the active sentence, the agent is 'they' who do not allow the dogs in the park.
  • Question 6

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

Someone stole the trophy from the display cabinet.

CORRECT ANSWER
The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet.
EDDIE SAYS
We don't know who stole the trophy, so adding the words 'by someone' doesn't add any meaningful information to the sentence. It makes the sentence more interesting to leave out 'someone' as it adds mystery to the reader.
  • Question 7

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is most informative?

 

The vet saved the kitten's life.

CORRECT ANSWER
The kitten's life was saved by the vet.
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! This time the agent (person or object performing the action) needs to be included otherwise the passive sentence will lack important information. Keep it up, only three more questions to tackle!
  • Question 8

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

They won't allow us to ride our bikes in the park.

CORRECT ANSWER
We are not allowed to ride our bikes in the park.
EDDIE SAYS
We often use the word 'they' when we are referring to people in authority. However, it sounds clumsy in a passive sentence and is better left out. Nearly there!
  • Question 9

A passive sentence without an agent has been used in this passage to help build up suspense. Which sentence is it?

 

A door banged. Jemima jumped. She had thought she was alone in the building, but it seemed that someone or something else was there. She tiptoed across the room and hid in the corner, holding her breath. Suddenly the curtains were blown wide open. Moonlight streamed into the room, making everything look ghostly and sinister.

CORRECT ANSWER
Sentence 5
EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot it? Sentence 5 is a passive sentence as it does not say who opened the curtains. It explains the action 'blown wide open' but does not explain who or what performed the action.
  • Question 10

passive sentence has been used in this passage where the agent of the action is not important. Which sentence is it?

 

If you are interested in applying for tickets please send your details to the following address. You will then be sent an application form. Please fill this in and return it by the end of the month.

CORRECT ANSWER
Sentence 2
EDDIE SAYS
High five! The agent can be left out of the sentence 2 as it is not important to know who is sending the information. Including this information would make the sentence sound clumsy. Fantastic focus! You've reached the end of this activity. You should now feel more confident when asked to form and identify passive sentences.
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