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Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 3

In this worksheet, students identify how to change sentences into a passive structure.

'Sentence Structure: Passive Sentences 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:  Passive Verb Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In a passive sentence the agent (the person or thing doing the action) is often left out.

For example:

Someone broke the window.

The window was broken.

 

We could write 'The window was broken by someone' but it sounds clumsy and doesn't add anything to the sentence, so it is better to leave it out.

 

Sometimes we know who the agent is but it is not important.

Competition winners will be notified in September.

In this sentence it doesn't really matter who is doing the notifying, so it can be left out.

 

The agent can also be left out of a passive sentence to build up suspense.

The door was pushed open slowly.

In this sentence the author doesn't want the reader to know who is pushing open the door.

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

Someone smashed the vase.

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They gave me an invitation to the party.

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They are building a new cinema in our town.

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

Someone stole the diamond tiara from the exhibition.

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They don't allow dogs in the park.

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

Someone stole the trophy from the display cabinet.

The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet by someone.

The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet.

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

The vet saved the kitten's life.

The kitten's life was saved.

The kitten's life was saved by the vet.

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

They won't allow us to ride our bikes in the park.

We are not allowed to ride our bikes in the park.

We are not allowed by them to ride our bikes in the park.

A passive sentence without an agent has been used in this passage to help build up suspense. Find it and copy it into the answer box.

 

A door banged. Jemima jumped. She had thought she was alone in the building, but it seemed that someone or something else was there. She tiptoed across the room and hid in the corner, holding her breath. Suddenly the curtains were blown wide open. Moonlight streamed into the room, making everything look ghostly and sinister.

A passive sentence has been used in this passage where the agent of the action is not important. Find it and copy it into the answer box.

 

If you are interested in applying for tickets please send your details to the following address. You will then be sent an application form. Please fill this in and return it by the end of the month.

  • Question 1

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

Someone smashed the vase.

CORRECT ANSWER
The vase was smashed.
EDDIE SAYS
Lets do this! A passive sentence is when our subject has an action done to them by someone or something. In this example it is not important to include who that person or thing was, so it can be left out. We just need to explain what has happened. 'The vase' our subject, is 'smashed'.
  • Question 2

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They gave me an invitation to the party.

CORRECT ANSWER
I was given an invitation to the party.
EDDIE SAYS
Great effort! Look for the action that is being performed. In this example the action is 'given an invitation' and 'I' becomes the subject. Our subject is receiving the action, they are not performing it. This makes the sentence passive.
  • Question 3

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They are building a new cinema in our town.

CORRECT ANSWER
A new cinema is being built in our town.
EDDIE SAYS
You getting the hang of this? Remember you just need to to explain the action that is being done. You can leave out who is performing the action.
  • Question 4

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

Someone stole the diamond tiara from the exhibition.

CORRECT ANSWER
The diamond tiara was stolen from the exhibition.
EDDIE SAYS
You can do this! Think about what the object is that is having something done to it or them. This becomes the subject of the sentence. The 'diamond tiara' becomes the subject. You then explain the action being done to it. Keep up the great effort!
  • Question 5

Change the following active sentence into a passive sentence without an agent.

 

They don't allow dogs in the park.

CORRECT ANSWER
Dogs are not allowed in the park.
Dogs aren't allowed in the park.
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! We can leave out 'they' as it's not important to the sentence. To make the sentence passive we need to make 'Dogs' our subject and show the action being done to them. In this example the action is that they 'are not allowed in the park'.
  • Question 6

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

Someone stole the trophy from the display cabinet.

CORRECT ANSWER
The trophy was stolen from the display cabinet.
EDDIE SAYS
We don't know who stole the trophy, so adding the words 'by someone' doesn't add anything to the sentence. It makes the sentence more interesting to leave out 'someone' as it adds mystery to the reader.
  • Question 7

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

The vet saved the kitten's life.

CORRECT ANSWER
The kitten's life was saved by the vet.
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! This time the agent (person or object performing the action) needs to be included otherwise the passive sentence will lack important information. Keep it up!
  • Question 8

This active sentence could be changed into either of the passive sentences below, but which one is more effective?

 

They won't allow us to ride our bikes in the park.

CORRECT ANSWER
We are not allowed to ride our bikes in the park.
EDDIE SAYS
We often use the word 'they' when we are referring to people in authority. It sounds clumsy in a passive sentence and is better left out. Nearly there well done!
  • Question 9

A passive sentence without an agent has been used in this passage to help build up suspense. Find it and copy it into the answer box.

 

A door banged. Jemima jumped. She had thought she was alone in the building, but it seemed that someone or something else was there. She tiptoed across the room and hid in the corner, holding her breath. Suddenly the curtains were blown wide open. Moonlight streamed into the room, making everything look ghostly and sinister.

CORRECT ANSWER
Suddenly the curtains were blown wide open.
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it? This is a passive sentence as it does not say who opened the curtains. It explains the action 'blown wide open' but does not explain who or what performed the action. You got this!
  • Question 10

A passive sentence has been used in this passage where the agent of the action is not important. Find it and copy it into the answer box.

 

If you are interested in applying for tickets please send your details to the following address. You will then be sent an application form. Please fill this in and return it by the end of the month.

CORRECT ANSWER
You will then be sent an application form.
EDDIE SAYS
High five! The agent can be left out of the sentence as it is not important to know who is sending the information. Including this information would make the sentence sound clumsy.
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