What is your favourite computer game?
How long do you spend playing it?
Do you know that calculating angles is extremely important within computer games and graphics?
Interior and exterior angles are used in compiling 3D graphics.
Lets remind ourselves how we can calculate both these types of angles.
Rule for finding internal angles = Number of sides - 2 × 180 ÷ number of sides
e.g Find the value of interior angles of the pentagon shown above.
5 - 2 = 3
3 × 180 = 540° in total within the pentagon
540 ÷ 5 = 108° internal angle
Let's investigate the relationship between the interior and exterior angles now.
e.g. Find the value of the exterior angle of the pentagon shown below.
If we place an interior angle next to its exterior counterpart, they will create a straight line.
We know that there are 180° in total in a straight line.
So if we know either one of the interior or exterior angles, we can use this to find its counterpart.
Let's put these rules into practice now using a new example.
e.g. Find the interior and exterior angle of this heptagon.
To find the value of the interior angles:
7 - 2 = 5
5 × 180 = 900
900 ÷ 7 = 128.5°
To find the value of the exterior angles:
360 ÷ 5 = 51.5°
Let's check that these two angles add together to make 180° (value in a straight line):
128.5° + 51.5° = 180°
Fabulous - it's time to get off the computer games and get to work now!
In this activity, we will use the rules illustrated above to calculate the interior and exterior angles of regular polygons with a variety of different sides. We will also use these formulae to find the number of sides of a shape or solve related problems.