Parallel lines have so much in common - it's a shame they will never meet!
Engineers, architects and designers all need to know and use key facts about angles and straight lines in their work - we wouldn't want a wonky house or an aircraft with uneven wings, would we?
Knowing the properties (facts) of angles and parallel lines can help us to solve all sorts of problems.
Let's remind ourselves of the key facts now...
Angles on a straight line add up to 180°:
Alternate angles (or Z-angles) are equal:
Corresponding angles (or F-angles) are also equal:
Often we will see more than one of these rules in action within the same problem, so we need to have our eagle eyes ready to spot these scenarios.
Lets give this a go now in some examples.
e.g. Find the value of angle x in the diagram below:
Here, we need to draw another parallel line through the centre of our diagram to help.
Don't worry, there are no rules to say that we can't do this!
This has split our target angle (x) into two elements.
We can now apply the alternate angle rule from above to link these two elements to the angles already provided:
x = 28° + 38° = 66°
e.g. Find the value of x and y in the diagram below:
Angle y is a corresponding angle to 114° so these must have the same value.
Angle x and y are on a straight line, so together will add up to 180°.
Therefore, x = 180° - 114° = 66°
Now we are going to put all the rules we know relating to angles and straight lines together to solve problems which involve taking multiple steps to calculate unknown angles using number and algebra.